Iron(III) bromide

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Iron(III) bromide
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Identifiers
CAS number 10031-26-2 YesY
PubChem 25554
Properties
Molecular formula FeBr3
Molar mass 295.56 g mol−1
Appearance brown solid
Odor odorless
Density 4.50 g cm−3
Melting point 200 °C (decomposes)
Structure
Crystal structure Trigonal, hR24
Space group R-3, No. 148
Hazards
R-phrases R36/37/38
S-phrases S26 S37/39
Main hazards corrosive
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 3: Short exposure could cause serious temporary or residual injury. E.g., chlorine gas Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Iron(III) bromide is the chemical compound with the formula FeBr3. Also known as ferric bromide, this red-brown odorless compound is used as a Lewis acid catalyst in the halogenation of aromatic compounds. It reacts with water to give acidic solutions.

Structure, synthesis and basic properties[edit]

FeBr3 forms a polymeric structure featuring six-coordinate, octahedral Fe centers.[1] Although inexpensively available commercially, FeBr3 can be prepared by treatment of iron metal with bromine:

2 Fe + 3 Br2 → 2 FeBr3

Above 200 °C, FeBr3 decomposes to ferrous bromide:

2FeBr3 → 2FeBr2 + Br2

Iron(III) chloride is considerably more stable, reflecting the greater oxidizing power of chlorine. FeI3 is not stable, as iron(III) will oxidize iodide ions.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.