The Ferrocarril Andino (FCA) was a state-owned company in Argentina which, towards the end of the 19th century, built and operated a railway connecting Villa María in Córdoba Province with the cities of Mendoza and San Juan. The 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge network was later sold to a number of British-owned railway companies.
The FCA was the first state-owned railway in Argentina and was founded on 15 November 1867 with the aim of linking the three provinces of the Cuyo region, San Juan, San Luis and Mendoza with the city of Rosario, via the Central Argentine Railway connection at Villa María, established in 1867. Details of the building of the line are given in Table 1.
|Section||Length, km||Date Opened|
|Villa María – Río Cuarto||24 October 1873|
|Rio Cuarto – Villa Mercedes||4 October 1875|
|Villa Mercedes – Fraga||1 August 1881|
|Fraga – Chorrillos||29 April 1882|
|Chorrillos –San Luis||8 July 1882|
|San Luis –La Paz||11 August 1883|
|La Paz – Maipú||9 October 1884|
|Maipú – Mendoza||25 April 1885|
|Mendoza – San Juan||6 May 1885|
The construction costs and tariffs of the FCA were the lowest of any railway company in Argentina at that time, and when it began to make a profit, the network was sold off to British-owned companies as detailed in Table 2.
|Section||Length, km||Date Sold||Buyer|
|Villa Mercedes – Mendoza||1887||Argentine Great Western Railway|
|Mendoza – San Juan||1887||Argentine Great Western Railway|
|Villa Mercedes - Villa Dolores||226||1909||Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway|
|Río Cuarto - Villa Mercedes||120||1909||Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway|
|Villa María - Río Cuarto||1909||Central Argentine Railway|
- Lewis, Colin M. (1983). British Railways in Argentina 1857-1914: A Case Study of Foreign Investment. Athlone Press (for the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London).