An Andean Railway passenger train at Mendoza in 1907.
|Native name||Ferrocarril Andino|
|Status||Defunct company; some lines active|
|Locale||Córdoba, San Luis, Mendoza, San Juan|
|Owner||Government of Argentina|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in)|
The Andean Railway (native name: Ferrocarril Andino) was a state-owned railway company in Argentina which, towards the end of the 19th century, built and operated a line connecting Villa María in Córdoba Province with the cities of Mendoza, San Luis and San Juan. The 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge network was later sold to a number of British-owned railway companies.
The first plan to reach the Andes through railway had been carried out with a concession granted to Central Argentine Railway (CAR) and later with the project to make Buenos Aires Western Railway a trans-andean line. The aim of the railway was linking the three provinces of the Cuyo region, San Juan, San Luis and Mendoza with the city of Rosario, via the CAR.
At the beginning of 1870 the Government signed an agreement to British entrepreneur John Simmons who committed to finish the railway within 3 years at a cost of A$ 26,200 per mile. In November that same years works began.
On October 24, 1873, the Villa María–Río Cuarto section was finished. That same the company started works to extend the line to Villa Mercedes, San Luis, opening the line two years later, totalizing 254 km. President of Argentina Nicolás Avellaneda attended the ceremony.
Once the works finished, the National Government hired J. E. Rogers (whose company had been one of the constructors) to operate the line. The Government required Rogers his employees had to be Argentina-born.
Details of the building of the line are as follows:
|Section||Length, km||Date Opened|
|Villa María – Río Cuarto||135||24 October 1873|
|Río Cuarto – Villa Mercedes||120||4 October 1875|
|Villa Mercedes – Fraga||40||1 August 1881|
|Fraga – Chorrillos||29 April 1882|
|Chorrillos – San Luis||8 July 1882|
|San Luis –La Paz||120||11 August 1883|
|La Paz – Maipú||135||9 October 1884|
|Maipú – Mendoza||10||25 April 1885|
|Mendoza – San Juan||160||6 May 1885|
The construction costs and tariffs of the AR were the lowest of any railway company in Argentina at that time, and when it began to make a profit, the network was sold off to British-owned companies as detailed in Table 2.
|Section||Length, km||Date Sold||Buyer|
|Villa Mercedes – Mendoza||326||1887||Argentine Great Western|
|Mendoza – San Juan||160||1887|
|Villa Mercedes - Villa Dolores||226||1909||BA & Pacific|
|Río Cuarto - Villa Mercedes||120||1909|
|Villa María - Río Cuarto||135||1909||Central Argentine|
- British Railways in Argentina 1857-1914: A Case Study of Foreign Investment by Colin Lewis - Athlone Press (for the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London), 1983