Buenos Aires Central Railway

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Chacarita train station, terminus of the line, c. 1910

The Buenos Aires Central Railway (FCCBA) (in Spanish: Ferrocarril Central Buenos Aires) was an Argentine railway company in the Buenos Aires Province of Argentina, which built and operated a 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge railway line from Buenos Aires to 4 de Febrero.

On 2 October 1884 entrepreneur Federico Lacroze was granted a concession to build a 47 km horse-drawn railway was from Buenos Aires to Pilar. On 6 April 1888 the line was opened by the "Tranvía Rural", (in English: Rural Tramway) company and was extended by 53 km to Zárate on 27 July of the same year. From 1891 the company was allowed to operate trains using steam locomotives.[1]

A line from Fátima to Salto was opened to San Andrés de Giles on 24 May 1889, to Heavy on 17 December 1892, to Carmen de Areco on 15 March 1894 and finally to Salto on 1 December 1896. On 26 August 1897 the company changed its name by Provincial decree to "Ferrocarril Rural de la Provincia de Buenos Aires" and on 11 October 1906 it changed again to "Ferrocarril Central de Buenos Aires". The line was extended from Salto to Rojas on 15 March 1909 and reached its destination, 4 de Febrero, on 29 July 1915.[2]

Branch lines to San Martin and to Campo de Mayo were opened on 20 February 1911 and 30 November 1914, respectively. Interchange was possible with the French-owned 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge line of the Compañía General de Buenos Aires in Salto, with the 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge line of the British-owned Central Argentine Railway in San Martin and with the 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm) broad gauge line of the British-owned Buenos Aires and Pacific Railway in Caseros.

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