Ferrocarriles Patagónicos

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Ferrocarriles Patagónicos
Provincia del Chubut - Bariloche - Ganz 2.jpg
Railcar by Ganz near Bariloche, 1945.
Overview
Type Inter-city
Status Company defunct; some lines active
Locale Chubut
Río Negro
Santa Cruz
Operation
Opening 1908
Closed 1948; 67 years ago (1948)
Owner Argentine State Railway
Technical
Track gauge 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in)
1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Route map
Red Ferro Patagonia.jpg

Ferrocarriles Patagónicos was an Argentine State-owned railway company that built and operated several rail lines in Patagonia region. FP were part of the Argentine State Railway created in 1909 during the presidency of José Figueroa Alcorta.[1]

History[edit]

Boca de Zanja station (Central Chubut).
Trelew station, c. 1900.

In 1900 two British-owned companies were operating railways in Patagonia; the Central Chubut metre gauge, 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge, line between Puerto Madryn and Trelew and the Buenos Aires Great Southern broad gauge line between Bahía Blanca and Neuquén. During the presidency of José Figueroa Alcorta, the Argentine government devised a plan in 1908 to populate Patagonia by constructing two additional broad gauge, 5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm), railway lines in that part of the country. The first line one was to run from San Antonio Oeste, in Rio Negro Territory (later to become Rio Negro Province), via Valcheta to Nahuel Huapi Lake, and the second from Puerto Deseado via Colonia San Martín to a junction with the first line. The second line was to have branches to Comodoro Rivadavia, via Sarmiento, to Colonia 16 de Octubre and to Buenos Aires Lake.

The line from Puerto Deseado, started in 1909, was built only as far as Las Heras, a distance of 283 km, and a 197 km line from Comodoro Rivadavia to Sarmiento was completed. These lines came under the administration of Argentine State Railway in 1914. Meanwhile the line from San Antonio Oeste, started at the end of 1908, reached Km 217 in 1911 and Maquinchao two years later. In 1916 this line also came under the administration of Ferrocarriles del Estado, was extended to Ingeniero Jacobacci in 1917 and to Bariloche in 1934.

In 1946 a 402 km long narrow gauge, 750 mm (2 ft 5 12 in), branch line was opened from Ingeniero Jacobacci to Esquel in Chubut Province and became known affectionately as La Trochita.[2]

With the railway nationalisation carried out by Juan Perón's administration in 1948, Ferrocarriles Patagónicos network became part of Ferrocarril General Roca.

Railway network[edit]

Ferrocarriles Patagónicos network as of 1936:[1]

Ferrocarriles Patagónicos
Company Province/s Line/s Gauge Length (Km)
Central Chubut Chubut Puerto Madryn - Trelew
Gaiman - Dalován
1,000 104
C. de Patagones - Bariloche
(via San Antonio Oeste)
Río Negro
Chubut
Ing. Jacobacci - Trelew
Vinter - Gral. Conesa
0,750 838
Comodoro Rivadavia Chubut C. Rivadavia - Colonia Sarmiento 1,676 208
Puerto Deseado Chubut, Santa Cruz Puerto Deseado - Colonia Las Heras 1,676 286

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

British Steam on the Pampas by D.S. Purdom - Mechanical Engineering Publications Ltd, London (1977)

References[edit]