Fertile, Minnesota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fertile, Minnesota
City
Nickname(s): "The Flower City"
Location of Fertile, Minnesota
Location of Fertile, Minnesota
Coordinates: 47°32′1″N 96°17′0″W / 47.53361°N 96.28333°W / 47.53361; -96.28333
Country United States
State Minnesota
County Polk
Area[1]
 • Total 2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Land 2.13 sq mi (5.52 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,138 ft (347 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 842
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 836
 • Density 395.3/sq mi (152.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 56540
Area code(s) 218
FIPS code 27-20978
GNIS feature ID 0643615[4]
Website http://www.cityoffertile.org

Fertile is a city in Polk County, Minnesota, United States. It is part of the Grand Forks ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 842 at the 2010 census.[5]

The annual Polk County Fair is held in Fertile and dates back to 1900. The Polk County Fair is also the main attraction for the town of Fertile during the summer. It holds many competitions for crops, animals, and man made items.

History[edit]

The city was originally built along the Sandhill River for a mill. There was a brick-making factory at the edge of the city that ran for many years and supplied building materials for the growing town. The city was also a center of agriculture and farmers brought their crops to the elevator for shipment around the state. In recent years, the community built a nine-hole golf course that runs along the Sandhill River across the road from the old brick-making factory.

Geography and climate[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.13 square miles (5.52 km2), all of it land.[1] The area east, south, and southwest of Fertile are hilly while the areas to the north and west of Fertile are very flat and good for agriculture.

Minnesota Highway 32 and Minnesota Highway 102 are two of the main routes in the community. The Agassiz Recreational Trail, a 53 mile multi-use trail built on an abandoned railroad grade passes through the city.[6]

The city has a climate typical of a humid continental climate, with long, cold winters and warm, humid summers. The town averages 24 inches (610 mm) of rain and roughly 45 inches (1,100 mm) of snow each year. The record low is −46 °F (−43 °C) and the record high is 105 °F (41 °C). Because Fertile is located near the geographic center of North America, the area can experience many types of weather.

Economy[edit]

The city has a sandy soil, which makes the area immediately around Fertile poor farming land as the soil dries out very easily.[citation needed] In the areas east and west of the immediate area, however, are prime for corn, soybeans, wheat, sunflowers, oats, barley, sugar beets (to the west of Fertile), berries, hay, potatoes, vegetables, and much more. Livestock used to be a big area of agriculture for Fertile. The remaining livestock production is mainly beef cattle, with a few dairy farms here and there.

Although not directly related to farming, another vital part of the Fertile area economy is hunting and fishing. The area is prime for deer, waterfowl, small game and pheasant huntingas well as multiple types of fishing with the many lakes in the area.

Polk County Fair[edit]

Fertile has been home to the yearly Polk County Fair for over 110 years. This event is known to be family friendly with free admission, many food stands, rides, a Free stage and grandstand. The fairgrounds are located east of Highway 32 in Fertile providing easy access for the many visitors every year.[7]

Education[edit]

The Fertile-Beltrami Public School is located in Fertile at the intersection of Mill Street and Jefferson Avenue. The school is a K-12 grade building shared by the community of Fertile and the smaller community of Beltrami which is located approximately 12 miles to the west. The school's team is the Fertile Falcons, which includes softball, baseball, basketball, volleyball and football.

Advance Com

Advance Com is a student-based web hosting service that creates and designs web pages for the community. It is managed by Year-3 computer students that 'apply' and these students manage the school, and other websites that pay the business to update throughout the year. The business also takes on Video Editing jobs on occasion.

Knowledge Bowl

Knowledge Bowl is a question-based competition in the state of Minnesota. The first round is a test taken by five of the team members to find out their ranking based upon their score. The written round is usually followed by four oral rounds in which four of the team members participate. In 2011 the Fertile-Beltrami Knowledge Bowl team has had success with its first team going to the State Competition.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 587
1910 614 4.6%
1920 800 30.3%
1930 800 0.0%
1940 907 13.4%
1950 890 −1.9%
1960 968 8.8%
1970 955 −1.3%
1980 869 −9.0%
1990 859 −1.2%
2000 893 4.0%
2010 842 −5.7%
Est. 2013 836 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 842 people, 372 households, and 211 families residing in the city. The population density was 395.3 inhabitants per square mile (152.6 /km2). There were 428 housing units at an average density of 200.9 per square mile (77.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 372 households of which 24.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.3% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 44.1 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 27.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.4% male and 53.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 893 people, 396 households, and 220 families residing in the city. The population density was 471.9 people per square mile (182.4/km²). There were 433 housing units at an average density of 228.8 per square mile (88.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.20% White, 0.56% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population.

Fertile also ranks as the second community in the U.S. with the highest percentage of residents claiming Norwegian ancestry by 54.4%.[10]

There were 396 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.2% were non-families. 42.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 29.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 37.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,021, and the median income for a family was $30,192. Males had a median income of $27,344 versus $20,341 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,866. About 11.1% of families and 17.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-09. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Agassiz Recreational Trail (Minnesota)". American Trails. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  7. ^ [1], additional text.
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 11, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Norwegian.html

Coordinates: 47°32′10″N 96°16′49″W / 47.53611°N 96.28028°W / 47.53611; -96.28028