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A festival marketplace is a realization by James W. Rouse and the Rouse Company in the United States of an idea conceived by Benjamin C. Thompson of Benjamin Thompson and Associates for European style markets taking hold in the United States in an effort to revitalize downtown areas in major US cities in the late 20th century. Festival marketplaces were a leading downtown revitalization strategy in American cities during the 1970s and 1980s. The guiding principles are a mix of local tenants instead of chain stores, design of shop stalls and common areas to energize the space, and uncomplicated architectural ornament in order to highlight the goods.
List of festival marketplaces
- Underground Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia
- Harborplace, Baltimore, Maryland
- Faneuil Hall, Boston, Massachusetts
- Navy Pier, Chicago, Illinois
- Aloha Tower Marketplace, Honolulu, Hawaii
- Jacksonville Landing, Jacksonville, Florida
- The Grove at Farmers Market, Los Angeles, California
- Hollywood and Highland, Los Angeles, California
- Bayside Marketplace, Miami, Florida
- Jackson Brewery, New Orleans, Louisiana
- Riverwalk, New Orleans, Louisiana
- South Street Seaport, New York City
- Waterside, Norfolk, Virginia
- Jack London Square, Oakland, California
- Arizona Center, Phoenix, Arizona
- Station Square, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- Westfield Horton Plaza, San Diego, California
- Ghirardelli Square, San Francisco, California
- Pier 39, San Francisco, California
- St. Louis Union Station, St. Louis, Missouri
- Union Station (Washington, D.C.), Washington, D.C.
- Tower City Center. Cleveland, Ohio
- Water Street Pavilion, Flint, Michigan
- Union Station, Indianapolis, Indiana
- Portside, Toledo, Ohio
- Erie Street Market, Toledo, OH
- Sixth Street Festival Marketplace, Richmond, Virginia 
- Festival Market, Lexington, Kentucky-(Opened in 1986, closed in the early 1990s.)
- Saint Anthony Main, Minneapolis, Minnesota
- Bandana Square, Saint Paul, Minnesota
- Cray Plaza, Saint Paul, Minnesota
- West End Marketplace, Dallas, Texas
- Maitland, Barry (1990). The New Architecture of the Retail Mall. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. pp. 25–26. ISBN 1854548158.
- Blueprints Magazine Spring 1988 cover
- Ledbetter, Erik. "Rethinking Adaptive Reuse, or, How Not to Save a Great Urban Terminal". Railway Preservation News. Retrieved 2007-03-04.
- Mack, Linda (August 20, 2002). "Architect Benjamin Thompson remembered for St. Paul legacy - The St. Paul native's artistic conception of a lush, forested Mississippi River Valley spurred the city's return to the riverfront.". Star Tribune. "Thompson designed Minneapolis' first festival marketplace , the first part of St. Anthony Main in the early 1980s."