Ffrith

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Coordinates: 53°05′24″N 3°04′09″W / 53.090103°N 3.069071°W / 53.090103; -3.069071

Ffrith
Disused railway viaduct, Ffrith - geograph.org.uk - 208054.jpg
Ffrith viaduct, built across the Nant-y-Ffrith stream, on the former Wrexham and Minera Railway
Ffrith is located in Flintshire
Ffrith
Ffrith
 Ffrith shown within Flintshire
OS grid reference SJ285553
Community Llanfynydd
Principal area Flintshire
Ceremonial county Clwyd
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WREXHAM
Postcode district LL11
Dialling code 01978
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Alyn and Deeside
Welsh Assembly Alyn and Deeside
List of places
UK
Wales
Flintshire

Ffrith is a small village in the community of Llanfynydd in Flintshire, north-east Wales.

Name[edit]

The name Ffrith (the Welsh double "f" is pronounced simply as "f") reflects a spelling and pronunciation particular to Flintshire: it is derived from a North Welsh word meaning variously a "pasture", "enclosure" or "forest" and borrowed originally from the Middle English word "frith", meaning a forest or game preserve.[1] The name Belmont or Bell Mount was also commonly used for the village in the 19th century.[1] In local usage the village is usually referred to as "the Ffrith".

The village is situated in the southernmost part of the county in the wooded valley of the River Cegidog at the point where the Nant-y-Ffrith stream flows into it. Neighbouring villages include Cymau to the east, Brymbo to the south-east and Llanfynydd, one mile to the north. The nearest major towns are Wrexham to the south-east and Mold towards the north-west.

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations have revealed evidence of Roman presence in the area. A Roman villa was built here, a Roman road is thought to have passed through and lead mining may have taken place. Several centuries later, Offa's Dyke was constructed across the area.[2] The archaeological television programme Time Team led a dig in the area, digging in the car park of the Blue Bell pub as well as other areas of the village.[3]

In the 19th century, the village's size and importance grew as quarrying for limestone and silica and mining for lead and fireclay became more significant. A railway line, the Wrexham and Minera Joint Railway was built through the village and a small station, a number of shops and several pubs opened.

Industry in the area declined through the 20th century, with the last fireclay level closing in the late 1960s. The railway ceased operation in 1952 (a large stone viaduct still stands near the village) and the village shops have now closed, and one of the two pubs (the Blue Bell) remains open. The second, the Poacher's Cottage closed in mid-2009 and was the subject of a fire in mid-2010.[4]

There is a rare example of a packhorse bridge dating from at least the 18th century, and possibly older, in the village.[2]

Welsh groundsel, a plant found almost entirely in North Wales, was first discovered near Ffrith in 1948.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Owen, H. W. The place-names of east Flintshire, University of Wales Press, 1994, p.297
  2. ^ a b Ffrith, Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust
  3. ^ Time Team: What they Found
  4. ^ Wrexham Evening Leader
  • Smuts, Bill, Jenner, Lorna & Sheerin, Nic (2006) Llanfynydd: a photographic journal, Delmar Press.

External links[edit]