Fiat-Revelli Modello 1935

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mitragliatrice Fiat Revelli Modello 1935
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-316-1196-25, Italien, italienische Soldaten in MG-Stellung.jpg
Type Heavy machine gun
Place of origin Kingdom of Italy
Service history
In service 1937-1945
Used by Italy
Wars World War II
Production history
Designed 1934
Manufacturer Società Metallurgica Bresciana
Produced 1935-1943
Number built not known
Variants none
Specifications
Weight 17 kg gun + 23 kg tripod
Length 1250 mm
Barrel length 654 mm

Cartridge 8x59mm RB Breda
Caliber 8mm
Rate of fire 600 round/min
Muzzle velocity 750 m/s (2,460 ft/s)
Effective firing range 1000 m
Feed system Belt feed
Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-316-1196-27, Italien, italienische Soldaten in MG-Stellung.jpg

The Fiat-Revelli 35 was a revised version of the Modello 1914, which had equipped the Italian Army of the Great War.[1]

Overview[edit]

The gun has an overall length of 50 inches, including its 25.75 inch barrel. Unloaded, the gun weighs 40lbs. Like the Modello 1914, the Modello 35 is a complete weapon system made up of the machine gun unit, the tripod mounting assembly and ammunition supply, and therefore required a multi-person crew to operate.[2]

The Modello 14 seems to have begun the Italian fascination with over-complicated loading systems and the need for lubricating rounds to prevent jamming, which often had the opposite effect. The Modello 35 attempted to remove some of these flaws by opting for a more conventional belt feed and eliminating the oil pump. The opportunity was also taken to adopt the 8 mm round also found in the Breda. These modifications seemingly failed to improve the weapon to a great degree though, it was found that lubrication was still required, needing individual rounds to be greased or the oil pump to be re-fitted, which notably impaired reliability.

Production ended in 1943.

Notes and references[edit]