||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (November 2012)|
Various versions of the 1100/103 (spring 1955). From right to left: 103 Berlina (sedan), Familiare (estate), Berlina TV (Turismo Veloce).
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Premier Padmini (1100D)
|Engine||1,089 cc I4
1,221 cc I4
|Predecessor||Fiat 508 "Balilla"|
508C Nuova Balilla 1100
The Fiat 1100 was first introduced in 1937 as an updated version of the 508 "Balilla" (its real name was the 508C) with a look similar to the 1936 Fiat 500 "Topolino" and the larger 1500, with the typical late-thirties heart-shaped front grille, with styling by the emerging designer Dante Giacosa. It was powered by a 1,089 cc four-cylinder overhead-valve engine. Drive was to the rear wheels through a four-speed gearbox, and for the period, its comfort, handling, and performance were prodigious, making it "the only people's car that was also a driver's car". Subsequently the car underwent a partial restyling around the front end and gained new streamlined window-shaped louvres and was renamed the 1100B and was popularly known as the "1100 musone" (i. e. "big nose"). After World War II, in 1949, the car was re-introduced with a curvy trunk and new name, the 1100E. Both the 508C and the 1100B were also available as the long wheelbase 508L which was mainly used for vans and taxis.
In 1953, the 1100 was completely redesigned as a compact four-door sedan, with a modern monocoque bodywork and integrated front lights. The new model was called the 1100/103 after its project number, and was offered (as usual at that time) in two different versions: "economica" (cheaper) and "normale" (standard). In October 1953, the car became available in a sporty version, the 1100TV (Turismo Veloce) with a third light in the middle of the grille and 50 PS (37 kW) rather than the 36 PS (26 kW) of the regular versions. It was also available in station-wagon version, with a side-hinged fifth door at the back.
In March 1955, the 1100/103 Trasformabile, a two-seater roadster, was introduced at the Geneva Motor Show. Equipped with the mechanics from the 1100TV, the American-inspired design was the work of the special bodies division of Fiat (Sezione Carrozzerie Speciali). 571 of these first series Trasformabiles were built. In 1956 it received a more powerful engine (three more horsepower) and a modified rear suspension; 450 more of these were built. From 1957 the Trasformabile was equipped with the more powerful 55 PS (40 kW) "1200" engine (1,221 cc). Production of this model continued until 1959, with circa 2,360 of the 1.2 liter Trasformabiles built. The 1.2 also received slight changes to the front and rear design, with bigger headlights being the most noticeable difference.
Between 1956 and 1960, the new 1100 underwent several slight changes in fittings and details, e.g. newly designed grille, more rectangular profile, dual color dressing, and eventually small fintails with spear-shaped backlights. A special version, the 1100 Granluce (i.e. "Large light"), no longer with rear-hinged-doors, launched in 1959, had both fintails and wider windows. As an option it could be fitted with a new powerful 1,221 cc engine.
The Fiat 1100/103 was imported and sold by Premier Automobiles Limited (PAL). The older model was known as the Millicento and the one with the center light on the front grille as the Elegant.In 1958, the fintail model was introduced as the Select. It was followed by Super Select in 1961. By 1964, the 1100D was introduced and it was assembled in India by PAL. This model has most of the parts manufactured locally. It was a sporty alternative to the Hindustan Ambassador.
Retaining the exterior changes of this model, in 1962 Fiat introduced the third generation 1100, called the 1100D ("D" stood for Delight). It was a sober yet comfortable four-door sedan, very similar to the Granluce but with simpler sides and a new simpler rectangular front end. The 1100D was a successful Italian Standard in the early sixties and along with its own Estate or Family car version and a Deluxe model that offered a higher performance of 50 PS (37 kW), extra side moldings, front bench seat with two reclining backs and carpet floor mats. These survived without any substantial alteration until 1966, when the introduction of the groundbreaking 124 model imposed a further change in styling.
The Fiat 1100D was manufactured under licence in India by the Premier Automobiles Limited beginning in 1964. The vehicle was initially marketed as the Fiat 1100D, as the Premier President for model year 1972, and as the Premier Padmini since 1974 until its discontinuation in 2000. By 1993, a diesel version with a 1366 cc diesel engine made in collaboration with FNM from Italy and was badged as the Premier Padmini 137D.The car manufacturing plant was closed down by 2000.
The very last 1100 model, born that year, was the 1100R ("R" stood for Rinnovata). It had a longer, straighter and slimmer line, with a square back and a front-end look not very different from its bigger sister the Fiat 124. In terms of styling cues, the vestigial fins were further suppressed and the simple round rear light cluster from the Fiat 850 replaced the vertical form seen on the 1100D. At the same time, the larger engine was withdrawn in order to avoid undue overlap with the 124. The 1100R was offered only with the older 1,089 cc engine, now with a compression ratio of 8:1 and a claimed output of 48 bhp (36 kW).
Clutch and gearbox were little changed, but the return of a floor mounted gear lever positioned between the front seats and connected to the gearbox with a rod linkage system was welcomed by the motoring press. The absence of synchromesh on the bottom forward speed nevertheless offered a reminder that under the surface this was becoming a somewhat aging design. Between the gearbox and the differential, the propeller shaft had now been separated into two parts with three couplings.
The boot was usefully expanded, helped by a slight increase in the car's overall length, and with more careful packaging of the spare wheel (under the floor) and the fuel tank (in the rear wing on the right).
As configured for UK sales, reclining front seats were available as an optional extra for £8.
The 1100R finally gave way in 1969 to the new middle-class Fiat 128.
The 1100T was made from 1957 as a van, pickup and bus. The car was equipped with a in-line engine with 1,089 cc (type 103 D.007) with 38 PS (28 kW) at 4800 rpm and it had a top speed of 90 km/h (56 mph). In 1959, its successor was unveiled, the Fiat 1100 T2, that had a 45 PS (33 kW) 1,222 cc engine. Production continued with a steady stream of updated engines, until production of the 1100 T4 finally came to an end in 1971.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fiat 1100.|
- Fiat 1100, Australian Motor Manual (magazine), 1 August 1960, page 40
- "Historique de la SOMACA". Somaca Casablanca. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- Setright, L. J. K. "FIAT: The Godfather of the Italian Motor Industry" in Northey, Tom, editor. World of Automobiles (London: Orbis Publishing Ltd, 1974), Volume 6, p. 660.
- Setright, p. 659.
- Setright, p. 660.
- "Test: Fiat 1100R Estate Car". Autocar. 126. (nbr 3699): p. 58–60. 5 January 1967.
- 1959 Fiat 1100 Turismo Veloce (Museum placard), Hasköy, Istanbul, Turkey: Rahmi M. Koç Museum (On temporary loan from Tofaş Türk Otomobil Fabrikası A.Ş.), "A total of 571 of these first series cars were built. In 1956 the Trasformabile gained 3bhp and a slightly modified rear suspension. Production continued for another year, with a further 450 cars being built. The first significant change came in 1957 with the introduction of a new 1221cc engine, and small cosmetic changes to the front and rear. This final version was built until 1959, with around 2,360 cars being produced."
- "Fiat 110R: Extensive revisions bring 1100 up-to-date". Autocar. 124. (nbr 2651): p. 227. 4 February 1966.
- Cardew, Basil (1966). Daily Express Review of the 1966 Motor Show. London: Beaverbrook Newspapers Ltd.
- "Autocar testday: 1,000 - 1,300 cc cars". Autocar. 128. (nbr 3774): p. 2–10. 13 June 1968.
- "FIAT - Transporter und leichte Lkw - 1950 - 1979 (1990) technische Daten" (in German). Zuckerfabrik24.de. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
|« previous — Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. car timeline, European market, 1960s–1980s — next »|
|Small family car||1100||128||Ritmo||Tipo|
|Large family car||1500||125||132||Argenta||Croma I|
|Coupé / Roadster||Dino / 124 Sport Spider||124 Sport Spider|
|Sports car||850 Spider||X1/9|
|Panel van||Fiorino I||Fiorino II|
|Compact MPV||600 Multipla|
|1100 BLR / ELR / I / T||238|
|Off-road||Campagnola (1101)||Campagnola (1107)|
|« previous — Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. car timeline, European market, 1920s–1960s — next »|
|City car||Fiat 500|
|509||508 "Balilla"||1100 "Balilla"||850|
|1100 / 1200||124|
|501 / 502||503||514||515||1500||1400||1300 / 1500||125|
|505||507||520||521||522||527||1800 / 2100|
|MPV||600 Multipla||850 Familiale|