Fiat Fiorino

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Fiat Fiorino
Fiat Fiorino D pick-up front.JPG
Fiat Fiorino pickup, second generation
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1977–2000
2007–present
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle
Pick-up truck
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat 500 Commerciale

The Fiat Fiorino is a light commercial vehicle produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat from 1977 to 2000 and from 2007 to present. Its first two generations have been the van derivatives of other small models, such as the Fiat 127 and Fiat Uno, while the current third generation was developed jointly with PSA Peugeot Citroën and is based on the Fiat Small platform.

The current generation, the Sevel LAV, is also built with a passenger body style, as the Fiat Qubo, and is marketed along its rebadged versions, the Citroën Nemo and the Peugeot Bipper. It is situated below the Fiat Doblò, the Citroën Berlingo and the Peugeot Partner, in each manufacturer's model line-up.

The name comes from an old Italian coin, normally translated into English as the Florin.[1]


First generation (1977–1988)[edit]

First generation
Fiat Fiorino D.jpg
Overview
Also called Fiat 147 City (Brazil)[2]
Emelba 127 Poker
SEAT Fiorino
Production 1977–1988
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Córdoba, Argentina (Sevel)
Barcelona, Spain
Body and chassis
Related Fiat 127
Fiat 147

The first version of the Fiorino is based on the Series 2 Fiat 127 with the back being a van box, i.e. a 1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) tall "high-cube" design,[1] an arrangement subsequently emulated by several European auto-makers. It was launched in early November 1977,[1] and received a facelift in 1980. The Fiorino used the same engines as Fiat 127. The first generation of Fiorino was assembled in Minas Gerais plant, Brazil and in Córdoba, Argentina. The pick-up version was called Fiat 147 City in Brazil.[2]

Spanish version[edit]

SEAT Fiorino pick up

In Spain the Fiorino was produced by SEAT and Fiat in a joint venture and called the Emelba 127 Poker[3] and was available as a panel van or pick-up. The 127 Poker was later renamed the SEAT Fiorino, which ended production in 1986 and was replaced by the SEAT Terra, which shares the same engine as the SEAT 127. The Spanish Fiorino was built in Barcelona factory.

Engines[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque Note
0.9 8V petrol I4 903 cc 45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) 64 N·m (47 lb·ft)
1.05 8V petrol I4 1049 cc 50 PS (37 kW; 49 hp) 77 N·m (57 lb·ft)
1.3 8V diesel I4 1301 cc 45 PS (33 kW; 44 hp) 103 N·m (76 lb·ft)


Second generation (1988–present)[edit]

Second generation
Fiat Fiorino front 20080111.jpg
Overview
Production 1988–2000 (Europe)
1988–present (South America)
1996–2001 (China)
Assembly Bologna, Italy
Betim, Brazil (Fiat Automóveis)
Córdoba, Argentina (Sevel)
Shanghai, China
Body and chassis
Related Fiat Uno
Fiat Mille
2008 Fiat Fiorino Brazilian version

In 1984 a more modern version was published, it was based upon the Brazilian Fiat Uno. Second generation Fiorino was made also as Panorama and pick-up body styles. The new Fiorino was assembled from 1988 to 2000 in Bologna Italy for the European market (over 250.000 vehicles made). In Europe it was a great success, especially as a panel van version.

The United Kingdom's last year of Fiorino importation was 2001, a year after production ceased in Europe.

In the 1992 a facelifted Fiorino debuted with a new style inspired by the Fiat Tipo[4] it received re-engineered platform, new interior and more ecological engine. The last facelift for the European market was introduced in 1997.

In 1994 a new version based on the Fiat Mille (an economy version of the old European Uno) platform deputed in South America. This version assembled in Minas Gerais plant is still on sale in Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Chile. The Fiorino 2nd generation was also assembled in Argentina earlier. Over 1.000.000 Fiorinos has been sold in the South America. In the 2004 a new facelift version made debut with Fiat Doblò front-style. In the 2009 Fiat introduced a new version with new red Fiat logo in the front of the car.

The Fiat Fiorino was constructed in the factory of Córdoba, Argentina until 2000.

The Fiorino was the first vehicle that Fiat authorized to produce in China. The vehicle was introduced in 1996 and the production end in 2001 when Palio and Siena arrived.

Engines[edit]

The engines are the Fiat 1.7L 8V diesel naturally aspirated or turbocharged, the 1.2L and the 1.4L 8V Fire petrol and for the South America the Flex engine 1.0L and 1.5L 8V. In Brazil, both 1242 cc engines are currently available as flexible fuel technology, working on both gasoline and ethanol.

  • 1.0L gas
  • 1.2L Fire
  • 1.4L petrol
  • 1.5L gas (ver. spi and mpi)
  • 1.7L diesel and turbodiesel

Third generation (2007–present)[edit]

Third generation
Fiat Fiorino III 20090808 front.JPG
Fiat Fiorino, one of the three versions of the Sevel LAV
Overview
Manufacturer Sevel
Also called Fiat Qubo
Citroën Nemo
Peugeot Bipper
Production 2007–present
Assembly Turkey: Bursa (Tofaş)
Body and chassis
Class Leisure activity vehicle
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Platform GM Fiat Small platform
Related Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Linea
Opel Corsa D
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L I4 (petrol)[nb 1]
1.4 L I4 (petrol/CNG)[nb 2]
1.3 L I4 (diesel)
1.4 L I4 (diesel)[nb 3]
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
5-speed semi-automatic
6-speed semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase Fiat: 2,513 mm (98.9 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 2,510 mm (99 in)
Length Fiat: 3,864–3,964 mm (152.1–156.1 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 3,860 mm (152 in)
Width Fiat: 1,716 mm (67.6 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 1,710 m (67,000 in)
Height Fiat: 1,721 mm (67.8 in)
Citroën/Peugeot: 1.720 m (67.7 in)
Kerb weight 1,165 kg (2,568 lb)

The third generation Fiat Fiorino leisure activity vehicle was unveiled in mid-2007 and went on sale in early-2008. The Fiorino shares architecture and body work with the Citroën Nemo and Peugeot Bipper under the Sevel joint venture between Fiat and PSA Peugeot Citroën. Built by Tofaş in Bursa, Turkey they are produced in both panel van and passenger body styles and are situated below the larger LAVs Fiat Doblò, Citroën Berlingo and Peugeot Partner, in their manufacturers' line-ups. Fiat also retails its passenger model as the Fiat Qubo, with the Fiorino name designating the commercial panel van models.

The Fiorino and[clarification needed] is based on the Fiat Grande Punto platform, with a wheelbase of 2,513 millimetres (98.9 in). This project can be seen as a breakthrough in Tofaş history as it carried most of the development work in addition to responsibility for its assembly.

Fiat Qubo

Fiat launched their passenger-carrying equivalent at the Geneva Motor Show in March 2008. It is branded as the Fiat Qubo.

A derivative of the Fiorino (a small MPV), a passenger version of Fiorino was unveiled in June 2008. This version is suitable for up to five people and can be equipped with different engines, including a 1.3 Multijet diesel (75 PS) or 1.4 litre petrol engine with 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp). The choice of gearboxes is either a five speed manual or a six speed automatic. In some countries (such as Turkey), this car is simply sold as the "Fiorino".

The Fiat Fiorino Cargo Electric is produced by Micro-Vett.

Citroën Nemo[edit]

Citroën Nemo

The Citroën Nemo is a badge engineered van launched in January 2008 by Citroën.[6] The vehicle is the result of a partnership between Fiat, PSA Peugeot Citroën and Tofaş. The other platform derivatives are the Peugeot Bipper and the Fiat Fiorino.

The Citroën Nemo Multispace is a small MPV also introduced in 2008 and based on the same platform.

In April 2010, during a routine evasive manoeuvre test, conducted in Germany, the vehicle rolled over. The shape of the vehicle; as a high-bodied, short wheelbase van caused the roll. The addition of Electronic stability control (ESC) would likely have prevented this but was not available as standard or as an option on the Nemo.[7]

Peugeot Bipper[edit]

Peugeot Bipper

The Peugeot Bipper is a small delivery van sold by French automaker Peugeot since May 2008.[6] It shares its body, platform and most components with the same generations of the Citroën Nemo and Fiat Fiorino.

The Citroën Nemo, Fiat Fiorino III and Peugeot Bipper were developed jointly with Tofaş following a cooperation agreement signed on 31 March 2005. The vans are manufactured on behalf of all the partners in Bursa by Tofaş.

The claim is advanced that the Bipper a "mini-cargovan" designed for big and small cities, cheaper and a little smaller than the Peugeot Partner. It is asserted that the little van is easy to park, handy for deliveries, and faster than competitor vehicles.

The Peugeot Bipper Tepee is a small MPV also introduced in 2008 and based on the same platform.

Engines[edit]

Name Fuel Engine type Volume Output Engine code Emission standard CO2 emissions (g/km) Notes
1.4 8V Petrol 4 Cyl Inline 8v OHC 1,360 cc (83 cu in) 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) PSA TU3 Euro 4 152
1.4 8V bi-fuel Petrol-CNG 4 Cyl Inline 8v 1,368 cc (83.5 cu in) 69 PS (51 kW; 68 hp) Fire Natural Power Euro 5 114 Only for Fiat Qubo
1.3 16V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 16v DOHC 1,248 cc (76.2 cu in) 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) Fiat Multijet Euro 4 Only for Fiat Fiorino and Qubo
1.3 16V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 16v DOHC 1,248 cc (76.2 cu in) 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) Fiat Multijet Euro 5 113
1.3 16V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 16v DOHC 1,248 cc (76.2 cu in) 96 PS (71 kW; 95 hp) Fiat Multijet Euro 5
1.4 8V Diesel 4 Cyl Inline 8v OHC 1,398 cc (85.3 cu in) 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) PSA DV4 HDi Euro 4 119 Only for Citroën Nemo and Peugeot Bipper

Sales and production figures[edit]

Year Production Sales Notes
Nemo Qubo Bipper Nemo Qubo Bipper
2009 TBA TBA 32,300[8] TBA TBA 34,300[8]
2010 TBA TBA 42,900[8] TBA TBA 44,500[8]
2011 33,406[6] TBA 34,760[6] 34,304[6] TBA 34,354[6] Total Nemo production reaches 154,959 units.
Total Bipper production reaches 142,671 units.[6]
2012 27,500[9] TBA 24,200[9] 28,500[9] TBA 26,000[9] Total Nemo production reaches 182,400 units.
Total Bipper production reaches 166,900 units.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In Switzerland, also adapted to run with CNG, for Peugeot Bipper only.[5]
  2. ^ Fiat Qubo only. (Note: different cubic capacity.)
  3. ^ Citroën Nemo and Peugeot Bipper only.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Auto Motor und Sport Heft 23 Seite 6. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlag GmbH & Co KG. 1977. 
  2. ^ a b "Fiat 147 history". Clube147.hpg.ig.com.br. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  3. ^ 17:56 (2010-02-19). "Emelba 127 Poker". Debates.coches.net. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  4. ^ "Nuovo Fiorino, piu' spazio e piu' chili". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. 2009-12-24. Retrieved 2010-09-30. 
  5. ^ "Peugeot Bipper CNG". Erdgasfahren.ch. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "PSA Annual Report 2012". Car manufacturers. PSA. Retrieved 12 April 2013. 
  7. ^ Hard, Gordon (27 April 2010). "Nemo rolls over in moose test due to lack of ESC". ConsumerReports.org. Retrieved 5 April 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Engine specs from PSA Peugeot Citroën". Creator and designer. PSA Peugeot Citroën. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  9. ^ a b c d e Memento Mars 2013. PSA Peugeot Citroën. 21 February 2013. p. 50. Retrieved 31 July 2013. (French)

External links[edit]