Fiat G.2

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Fiat G.2
Role Three-engine transport monoplane
Manufacturer Fiat
Designer Giuseppe Gabrielli
First flight 1932
Primary user ALI

The Fiat G.2 was an Italian three-engine six-passenger monoplane transport aircraft designed by Giuseppe Gabrielli and built by Fiat.

Development[edit]

The G.2 was an important step for the Fiat company as their first low-wing cantilever monoplane. The structure was all-metal, with fabric-covered control surfaces. The wide-track tailwheel undercarriage was not retractable, and its mainwheels were covered by spats. The tailwheel (not a tailskid) was castering (free-pivoting).

The aircraft was powered by three Fiat A.60 inline piston engines, with one mounted on the fuselage nose and the other two in wing-mounted nacelles. Variants were also produced with other engine installations. The enclosed cabin had space for six passengers.

The prototype first flew in 1932.

Although the G.2 represented a promising design, it failed to sell and only operated a limited service between Turin and Milan by the ALI airline.

Variants[edit]

G.2
Variant powered by three 101 kW (135 hp) Fiat A.60 inline piston engines.
G.2/2
Variant powered by three Alfa Romeo 110-1 engines.
G.2/3
Variant powered by three 89 kW (120 hp) de Havilland Gipsy Major engines.
G.2.4
Variant powered by three Fiat A.54 radial engines.

Operators[edit]

 Brazil
 Italy

Specifications (G.2)[edit]

Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 1796

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 6 passengers
  • Length: 11.89 m (39 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 18.01 m (59 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 3.51 m (11 ft 6¼ in)
  • Wing area: 39 m2 (419.81 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 1,630 kg (3,594 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,500 kg (5,512 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Fiat A.60 4-cylinder inverted inline piston engine, 101 kW (135 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 235 km/h (146 mph)
  • Range: 700 km (435 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,200 m (13,780 ft)

Notes[edit]

photo of FIAT G.2 with Brazil's VARIG 1940 airline service

References[edit]

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 1796