Fiat Punto

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For the latest car under the Fiat Punto nameplate, see Fiat Grande Punto.
Fiat Punto
Fiat Punto front 20080714.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Also called Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Punto Evo
Production 1993–present
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible[nb 1]
3-door van
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Uno

The Fiat Punto is a supermini car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1993, spanning over three generations. The third generation of the car was marketed as the Grande Punto, between 2005 and 2009, and the Punto Evo, between 2009 and 2012, when the bare Punto name was re-introduced. As of February 2012, nearly 8.5 million units had been produced.[1]

First generation (1993–1999)[edit]

First generation (176)
Fiat Punto front 20071204.jpg
Overview
Production 1993–1999
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Designer Giorgetto Giugiaro (hatchback)
Bertone (convertible)[2]
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
2-door convertible
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Albea
Fiat Doblò
Fiat Palio
Fiat Siena
Fiat Strada
Lancia Y
Powertrain
Engine 1.1 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 turbo (petrol)
1.6 L I4 (petrol)
1.7 L I4 (diesel)
1.7 L I4 (turbo-diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,450 mm (96.5 in)
Length 3,760 mm (148.0 in)
Width 1,625 mm (64.0 in)
Height 1,450 mm (57.1 in)
Curb weight 830–1,040 kg (1,830–2,290 lb)
1,070 kg (2,360 lb) (cabrio)

Internally codenamed Project 176, the Punto was announced in September 1993 as a replacement for the ageing Fiat Uno and launched in late 1993/early 1994 depending on the market. The Fiat Punto was voted European Car of the Year for 1995,[3] defeating rival Volkswagen Polo by only 78 points.

The Punto was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro and was available as a 3-door or 5-door hatchback, and a two-door cabriolet.[4]

Entry level[edit]

Entry-level in the Punto range were the 1.1 and 1.2 L petrol engines and the 1.7 diesel engine. The 1.2 engine's actual capacity is 1242 cc, available in three versions. The first, was fitted in the Punto ELX 75 and produced 75 hp (56 kW) at 6000 rpm while the second, fitted to Punto ELX 85 produced 86 hp (64 kW) at 6000 rpm. The third was a 60 hp (45 kW) engine which eventually replaced the 1.1 54 hp engine.

Sporting versions[edit]

A Sporting model was also available with an 1.6 8v updated 128 SOHC engine, producing 88 bhp, later replaced in 1997 by the 1.2 16v FIRE engine used in the 85 ELX, and a power drop to 86 bhp.

GT versions[edit]

The top of the range model was the 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) 1.4 GT, using an evolution of the turbocharged 128 SOHC engine originally found in the Fiat Uno Turbo Mk II- capable of running over 200 km/h (120 mph) and reaching 100 km/h (62 mph) in just 7.9 seconds and came fitted with a 5-speed manual gearbox. During the years the GT was made in three different "series" with power 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) (1993–1995),133 PS (98 kW; 131 hp) (1995–1997) and 130 PS (96 kW; 130 hp) (1997–1999).[5]

Convertible[edit]

1993–1999 Fiat Punto Cabrio

A cabriolet (convertible) version was also available; built by Bertone (rather than at the main Fiat factory), it featured an electric powered fully retracting roof and was one of the cheapest open-top cars in the world at the time. In Europe, it was also made with a manual roof. Available in both ELX and SX trim, initially powered by the 90 bhp 1.6 Mpi unit (replaced in 1995 by the 86 bhp 1.2 16v FIRE unit). 55,000 cars were built between 1994 and 1999. The last cars were registered in 2000.

Other versions[edit]

Particular versions of the first generation Punto were the Punto 6Speed, a 1.1 FIRE Punto 55 with a 6-speed gearbox, the Punto Selecta with a CVT-type automatic gearbox, and the Punto ED (Economical Drive), a 1.1 Punto whose 5-speed gearbox was designed for high fuel efficiency.

Engines[edit]

Code Displacement Type Power Torque Compression
1.1 SPI 1,108 cc I4 54 PS (40 kW; 54 hp) at 5500 rpm 86 N·m (63 lb·ft) at 3250 rpm 9.6:1
1.2 SPI 1,242 cc I4 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp) at 5500 rpm 98 N·m (72 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 9.6:1
1.2 MPI 1,242 cc I4 73 PS (54 kW; 72 hp) at 5000 rpm 106 N·m (78 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm 9.8:1
1.2 16v 1,242 cc I4 86 PS (63 kW; 84 hp) at 6000 rpm 113 N·m (83 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm 10.2:1
1.4 Turbo 1,372 cc I4 133-136 PS (98-100 kW; 131-134 hp) at 5750 rpm 208 N·m (153 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 7.9:1
1.4 Turbo 1,372 cc I4 131 PS (96 kW; 129 hp) at 5600 rpm 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm 9.0:1
1.6 MPI 1,581 cc I4 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 5750 rpm 129 N·m (95 lb·ft) at 2750 rpm 9.5:1
1.7 D 1,698 cc I4 57 PS (42 kW; 56 hp) at 4500 rpm 98 N·m (72 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 19:1
1.7 TDS 1,698 cc I4 64 PS (46 kW; 63 hp) at 4500 rpm 118 N·m (87 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 19:1
1.7 Turbo D 1,698 cc I4 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 4500 rpm 137 N·m (101 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 19:1

Second generation (1999–2010)[edit]

Second generation (188)
Fiat Punto II front 20100509.jpg
Overview
Also called Fiat Punto Classic
Zastava 10
Production 1999–2010 (Italy)[6]
2005–present (Serbia)[7]
Assembly Melfi, Potenza, Italy
Mirafiori, Torino, Italy
Termini Imerese, Palermo, Italy
Kragujevac, Serbia (Zastava)
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
3-door van
Related Fiat Barchetta
Fiat Idea
Lancia Ypsilon
Lancia Musa
Powertrain
Engine 1.2 L I4 (petrol)
1.2 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.4 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.8 L I4 16-valve (petrol)
1.3 L I4 MultiJet (diesel)
1.9 L I4 DS (diesel)
1.9 L I4 JTD (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual (Sporting)
5-speed semi-automatic (Dualogic)
6-speed semi-automatic (Speedgear)[8]
7-speed semi-automatic (Speedgear)[8]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,460 mm (96.9 in)
Length 3,800 mm (149.6 in) (3-door, 1999–03)
3,835 mm (151.0 in) (5-door, 1999–03)
3,840 mm (151.2 in) (3-door, 2003–10)
3,865 mm (152.2 in) (5-door, 2003–10)
Width 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
Curb weight 860–1,050 kg (1,900–2,310 lb)

The second generation Punto, codenamed Project 188, was launched in September 1999 at the Frankfurt Motor Show. The styling was all-new while retaining the original Punto's distinctive shape and design, while the chassis and interior were completely overhauled. The new Punto also became the first Fiat in decades to carry the original round Fiat badge, to celebrate Fiat's centenary.

At the launch event of the hatchback, the Fiat Wish concept car was also presented, which was hardtop convertible version of the Fiat Punto, very similar in styling with the Peugeot 206 CC.[9] The model was conceived by Pininfarina to celebrate the centenary of Fiat.[10][11]

Entry level[edit]

The 1.1 and 1.4 turbo engines were discontinued due to emissions issues and the entry-level models had only a 1.2 petrol unit, with either 8 or 16 valves, giving 60 hp (45 kW) and 80 hp (60 kW) respectively, or a 1.9 diesel, with or without common rail injection.[12]

Sporting versions[edit]

Fiat Punto HGT Abarth

Two sporty versions were offered. The 1.2 16 valve Sporting model with a 6-speed manual, and the hot 1.8 HGT which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h). The 1.2 16V model also has a Speedgear CVT-equipped variant (with a sequential manual shift mode consisting of 6 gears, 7 for the Sporting model). The 1.8 HGT accelerates 0-60 in 8.0 seconds. It was considered a big improvement in handling over the Punto GT. The HGT was also available (in limited numbers) as an "HGT Abarth" which added deeper bumpers, rear spoiler, side skirts, new alloy wheels and interior trim. The HGT Abarth had no technical improvements over the regular HGT.

Power steering[edit]

The second generation Punto has also adopted the Dualdrive electric power steering and came with two operation modes, using an electric motor, rather than a hydraulic pump driven by the engine. This resulted in reduced fuel consumption and less environmental impact. It has a fuel economy of 5.6 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp; 42 mpg-US) - urban and 3.9 l/100 km (72 mpg-imp; 60 mpg-US) - extra urban for the 1.9 diesel. The 1.8 petrol does 8.8 l/100 km (32 mpg-imp; 27 mpg-US) - urban and 5.3 l/100 km (53 mpg-imp; 44 mpg-US) - extra urban.

Facelift[edit]

2003–2010 Fiat Punto

In early 2003, Fiat celebrated the rollout of the 5,000,000th production Punto. In the same year, the second generation facelift brought further revisions to the platform, including extensive changes to the exterior styling and engines, partly due to changes in pedestrian safety regulations.

The round Fiat badge, found only on the bonnet of second generation models, was introduced on the tailgate of the second generation facelift. On 1 June 2005, Fiat produced the 6,000,000th Punto at the Melfi plant.[13]

Engine changes included a new 1.4 16v engine, alongside the staple 1.2 and 1.2 16v variants, and the introduction of two HGT versions, the 1.9 L MultiJet diesel engine and the 1.8 L 16v petrol engine, which could reach almost 130 mph (210 km/h) continued over from the pre-facelift version. There was an introduction also of the 1.3 L common rail diesel MultiJet engine.

Punto Classic[edit]

Despite the launch of the slightly larger Grande Punto at the end of 2005, the second generation Punto remained in production, marketed as the Punto Classic, and has been sold in many emerging markets in addition to the newer versions. It was launched for the first time in Chile in 2007.[14] It ended production in Italy in November 2010.[15]

Zastava 10[edit]

2006–2008 Zastava 10

In October 2005, Serbian manufacturer Zastava reached an agreement with Fiat to assemble this version under licence in Kragujevac, Serbia, with the model name Zastava 10. After acquiring a majority stake in Zastava in the autumn of 2008, Fiat continued production of this vehicle under the Fiat Punto Classic name from March 2009.[16] Production was reportedly stopped in 2011,[17] but was resumed in February 2013, considering the local market's demands.[18] It has been available with the 1.2-litre petrol engine and later,[7] also with the 1.3-litre diesel engine.[19]

Trim levels[edit]

The Punto was initially released in four different trim leveles: S, SX, ELX, HLX,[20] that were later renamed to Actual, Active, Dynamic and Emotion. Three special versions of the 3-door hatchback were also available: Sporting, HGT and Abarth. The top level included such features as ABS, front and side airbags, window bags, remote locking, front power windows, electrical power steering, air conditioning, trip computer with four functions, CD player, CD changer, alloy rims and fog lamps. Options such as navigation and burglar alarm were also offered.[12] After the facelift, it also received EBD, ESP with ASR and hill holder, climate control with double zone heating, MP3 player and subwoofer (HGT only), rear parking sensors and cruise control as an option.[21] A revised instrument panel with a larger display could now show the instant consumption too.[22]

Engines[edit]

There were available four petrol engines with single-point injection system, one indirect injection diesel and three common rail turbocharged diesel engines with intercooler (JTD and MultiJet). The 1.8 16v and the 1.9 MultiJet engines were available only with the 3-door version in the HGT trim level.[12]

Engine Displacement Power Torque Top speed 0–100 km/h Combined consumption CO2 emissions Production years
Petrol engines
1.2 8v 1,242 cc 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) at 5000 rpm 102 N·m (75 lb·ft) at 2500 rpm 155 km/h (96 mph) 14.3 s 5.7 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp) 136 g/km 09/1999–
01/2010
1.2 16v 1,242 cc 59 kW (80 PS; 79 hp) at 5000 rpm 114 N·m (84 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm 172 km/h (107 mph) 11.4 s 6.0 l/100 km (47 mpg-imp) 142 g/km 09/1999–
01/2006
1.4 16v 1,368 cc 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp) at 5800 rpm 128 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm 178 km/h (111 mph) 9.9 s 6.1 l/100 km (46 mpg-imp) 145 g/km 06/2003–
01/2006
1.8 16v 1,747 cc 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) at 6300 rpm 164 N·m (121 lb·ft) at 4300 rpm 205 km/h (127 mph) 8.6 s 8.3 l/100 km (34 mpg-imp) 197 g/km 09/1999–
01/2006
Diesel engines
1.3 MultiJet 16v 1,251 cc 51 kW (69 PS; 68 hp) at 4000 rpm 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm 164 km/h (102 mph) 13.4 s 4.5 l/100 km (63 mpg-imp) 119 g/km 06/2003–
01/2006
1.9 D 8v 1,910 cc 44 kW (60 PS; 59 hp) at 4500 rpm 118 N·m (87 lb·ft) at 2250 rpm 155 km/h (96 mph) 15.0 s 5.7 l/100 km (50 mpg-imp) 150 g/km 09/1999–
06/2003
1.9 JTD 8v 1,910 cc 59 kW (80 PS; 79 hp) at 3000 rpm[nb 2] 196 N·m (145 lb·ft) at 1500 rpm 170 km/h (106 mph)[nb 3] 12.2 s 4.9 l/100 km (58 mpg-imp) 130 g/km 09/1999–
01/2006
1.9 MultiJet 8v 1,910 cc 74 kW (101 PS; 99 hp) at 4000 rpm 260 N·m (192 lb·ft) at 1750 rpm 185 km/h (115 mph) 9.6 s 5.3 l/100 km (53 mpg-imp) 140 g/km 06/2003–
01/2005

Third generation (2005–present)[edit]

Main article: Fiat Grande Punto
Fiat Grande Punto

The Grande Punto, codenamed Project 199, was unveiled at the 2005 Frankfurt Motor Show and went on sale later on that year. Again styled by Giugiaro,[23] the car is using the Fiat SCCS platform, a variation of the General Motors Gamma Platform.

Punto Evo[edit]

In 2009, the Grande Punto was facelifted, with the replacement known as the Punto Evo. It received a new front end in addition to revised rear lights and a new interior.

Punto[edit]

In 2012, the Punto name was bought back when the Punto Evo was facelifted and given a similar front end to the 2005 Grande Punto. The new Punto kept the revised rear lights and interior of the 2009 Punto Evo, but not on the base 'Pop' trim level which reverted to the older Grande Punto interior.[citation needed]

In October 2014, Top Gear magazine placed the Punto Pop 1.2 8v 69 on its list of "The worst cars you can buy right now", describing the car as "An outclassed elderly supermini that kicks out 126g/km yet takes 14.4secs to wheeze to 62mph, and it costs more than £10k."[24]

The Grande Punto in India went through a facelift changing the front face and a revised rear and giving it an aggressive look (inspired from the avventura CUV) and was named Punto Evo. This car also sports an SUV-like ground clearance of 185mm for diesel and 195mm for petrol to suit Indian roads.[25]

Punto Van[edit]

The Punto Van is a compact van designed for the commercial market. It features a petrol 1.2 8v engine, a petrol/CNG 1.2 8v engine and a diesel 1.3 MultiJet 16v engine.

Motorsport[edit]

Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000

The Punto has always been popular with amateur racing drivers due to its low cost and the wide availability of spare parts. Several competition and homologated versions of the Punto have been produced, such as the Punto Rally, the S1600 and the Punto Abarth. A new rally car based on the third generation Punto, the Super 2000 Punto Abarth, was unveiled in 2005. It is four-wheel drive and powered by a 2.0 L 16 valve engine capable of producing 280 hp (210 kW). Also, a turbo diesel front wheel drive rally car has been produced, the Fiat Grande Punto R3D.

Punto has competed in the following motorsport events;

  • Targa Tasmania, Showroom class, (2007) the first diesel car to compete.

The Punto has won several rally championships, specifically:

A motorsport version of the car can be found in several liveries in the video games Colin McRae Rally 04, Colin McRae: DiRT, Sega Rally Revo and Gran Turismo 6.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The first generation only.
  2. ^ Also with 63 kW (86 PS; 84 hp) from 04/2002.
  3. ^ 173 km/h (107 mph) from 06/2003.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fiat Punto 2012: the evolution of a best seller". fiatpress.com. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.bertone.it/storia.aspx
  3. ^ "Rewind to 1995: Fiat Punto.". Quicks. Retrieved 14 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Fiat Punto (1994 - 1999)". RAC. Retrieved 27 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Punto GT". Puntopower.com. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 16 August 2007. 
  6. ^ "Una Jeep per Mirafiori" (in Italian). Il Sole 24 Ore. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2011. "Attualmente da Mirafiori escono Fiat Multipla, Punto Classic, Idea, Lancia Musa e Alfa Mito. Entro l'anno le prime due andranno fuori produzione [Currently from Mirafiori are rolling out Fiat Multipla, Punto Classic, Idea, Lancia Musa and Alfa Mito. By the end of the year the first two will go out of production]" 
  7. ^ a b "Kragujevac: Workers "expected more"". B92 News. 31 January 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Fiat Punto Speedgear". The AA. 29 August 2000. Retrieved 5 January 2014. "Called Speedgear, they offer a whole raft of ratios – a veritable cog-fest – through an electronically controlled, continuously variable (CVT) system which, on demand, also doubles as a sequential manual gearbox. The new transmission is available in either the five-door ELX or the three-door Sporting; the former with six stepped ratios in the sequential manual mode, the latter with seven – these being closer spaced." 
  9. ^ "Prototipos Fiat Punto y versiones curiosas" (in Spanish). Club Fiat Punto. Archived from the original on 12 October 2011. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Comunicato Stampa: Wish" (in Italian). Pininfarina. 18 November 1999. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Timeline". Pininfarina. 19 July 2006. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "Fiat Punto specifications". Auto-types.com. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  13. ^ "News". Italiaspeed.com. 2 June 2005. Retrieved 1 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "El Fiat Punto regresa a Chile" (in Spanish). Autocosmos.cl. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2011. [dead link]
  15. ^ "Auto economiche nuove: Fiat Punto Classic fuori produzione" (in Italian). Auto e Motore. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  16. ^ http://www.italiaspeed.com/2009/cars/fiat/01/zastava/1601.html
  17. ^ http://www.ekapija.com/website/en/page/678009/Fiat-to-restart-Punto-Classic-production-in-2013
  18. ^ http://www.autoedizione.com/punto-classic-is-fiats-secret-weapon-in-serbia/
  19. ^ "Fiat Punto Classic". Fiat Automobile Serbia. Retrieved 15 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Fiat Punto Mk2 1999-2003 (Proyecto 188)" (in Spanish). Club Fiat Punto. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  21. ^ "Catalogo Fiat Punto" (in Italian). FiatPunto.com. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  22. ^ "Fiat Punto owner's manual". Fiat. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  23. ^ "Motor shows". Italiaspeed.com. Retrieved 5 August 2007. 
  24. ^ "The Worst Cars You Can Buy Right Now". Top Gear magazine. 2014-10-09. Retrieved 2014-10-12. 
  25. ^ "New Fiat Punto Evo Review, Test Drive". Autocar India. Retrieved 2014-10-12. 

External links[edit]