Fiat RS.14

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RS.14
Fiat RS.14.jpg
Role long range maritime reconnaissance floatplane
Manufacturer Fiat
Designer Manlio Stiavelli
First flight May 1939
Introduction May 1941
Primary users Regia Aeronautica
Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force
Produced May 1941 - September 1943
Number built 188 (includes 2 prototypes)

The Fiat RS.14 was an Italian long range maritime strategic reconnaissance floatplane. The RS.14 was a four/five seat all-metal cantilever low/mid-wing monoplane powered by two wing-mounted 626 kW (840 hp) Fiat A.74 RC engines. It had a conventional cantilever tail unit with a single fin and rudder. Its undercarriage consisted of two large floats on struts. It had a glazed nose for an observer or bomb aimer. The pilot and copilot sat side by side with a wireless operator's compartment behind them. In the bombing role the RS.14 was fitted with a long ventral gondola to carry various combinations of anti-submarine bombs (up to 400 kg/882 lb).

Development[edit]

The RS.14 was designed by Manlio Stiavelli at the CMASA works at Marina di Pisa. The first of two prototypes flew in May 1939.

A prototype landplane version AS.14 was built and first flown on 11 August 1943. It was designed as a ground-attack aircraft and intended to be armed with a 37 mm (1.46 in) cannon and 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine guns. It was not ordered and no others were built.

The beam gun positions of a FIAT RS.14

Operational history[edit]

The RS.14 went into service with the Italian Air Force with a number of maritime strategic reconnaissance squadrons at bases around the Italian coast and also in Sicily and Sardinia. They were used for convoy escort duties and anti-submarine patrols. After the 1943 Armistice a few survivors were operated by the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force. At the end of the war the aircraft were used for liaison duties around the Mediterranean carrying up to four passengers.

Variants[edit]

RS.14
Production floatplane with 626 kW (840 hp) Fiat A.74 RC engines, 188 built including two prototypes.
AS.14
Landplane version with retractable landing gear, one built.

Operators[edit]

 Italy

Specifications[edit]

Data from Donald, 1997, pg 413.

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Length: 14.1 m (46 ft 3.25 in)
  • Wingspan: 19.54 m (64 ft 1.25 in)
  • Height: 5.63 m (18 ft 5.75 in)
  • Wing area: 50 m2 (538.21 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 5,470 kg (12,059 lb)
  • Gross weight: 8,470 kg (18,673 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Fiat A.74 RC 38 14-cylinder radial piston, 626 kW (840 hp) each each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 390 km/h (242 mph)
  • Range: 2,500 km (1,553 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 6,300 m (20,670 ft)

Armament

  • 1 × 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine gun
  • 2 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns
  • up to 400 kg (882 lb) of bombs

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Donald, David, ed. (1997). The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Prospero Books. ISBN 1-85605-375-X. 
  • Mondey, David (1984), The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II, Chancellor Press, ISBN 1-85152-966-7
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing, Page 1812