Fiat Siena

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Fiat Siena
Fiat Siena.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer FIAT
Also called Fiat Albea (Mexico)
Fiat Petra (India)
Fiat Palio Sedan (Mexico)
Pyeonghwa Hwiparam (North Korea)
Dodge Forza (Venezuela)
Production 1996–present
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Bielsko-Biała & Tychy, Poland (FSM)
Ranjangaon, India (Fiat India)
Saveh, Iran (PIDF)[1]
Rosslyn, South Africa (Nissan)[2]
Casablanca, Marocco (SOMACA)[3]
Nampo, North Korea (Pyeonghwa)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (Mekong)
La Victoria, Venezuela
Valencia, Carabobo, Venezuela (Chrysler)[4]
Designer I.DE.A Institute (1996)
Giorgetto Giugiaro (2001, 2004)
Centre Stile Fiat Brazil (2007)
Body and chassis
Class Supermini
Body style 4-door sedan
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Related Fiat Albea
Fiat Perla
Fiat Palio
Fiat Punto
Fiat Strada
Zotye Z200
Powertrain
Engine 1.0 L Fire I4 (gasoline)
1.0 L Fire I4 (gasoline)
1.0 L Fiassa I4 (gasoline)
1.3 L Fiassa I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L Sevel I4 (gasoline)
1.5 L Fiassa L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L Sevel I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L Torque I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L E-Torque I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L Powertrain I4 (gasoline)
1.7 L Turbo Diesel I4 (diesel)
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,360 mm (93 in) (1996–01)[5]
2,373 mm (93.4 in) (2001–07)[6]
2,374 mm (93.5 in) (2007–11)[7]
Length 4,100 mm (160 in) (1996–01)
4,135 mm (162.8 in) (2001–07)
4,155 mm (163.6 in) (2007–11)
Width 1,614 mm (63.5 in) (1996–01)
1,634 mm (64.3 in) (2001–07)
1,639 mm (64.5 in) (2007–11)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in) (1996–01)
1,453 mm (57.2 in) (2001–07)
1,425 mm (56.1 in) (2007–11)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Duna

The Fiat Siena is a subcompact car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1996. It is the four-door sedan version of the Fiat Palio, a supermini car especially designed for developing countries. It was introduced for the first time in South America, and was produced in various countries worldwide. In Europe, a similar car based on the same platform was developed, the Fiat Albea. In 2012, Fiat released the second generation of the Siena, called the Grand Siena.

The Siena is one of the most popular sedans in Brazil, selling in over 800,000 units throughout 14 years of presence.[8] In Italy the car isn't available, after the flop of the predecessor Fiat Duna.

First generation (1996–present)[edit]

1996–2000[edit]

Launched in 1996, in Brazil, as the four-door sedan of the Fiat Palio, codenamed Project 178, the Siena was made due to the important sales benchmark of hatchback models in developing countries. The range was made from Fiasa and Fire petrol engines between 1.0 L and 1.6 L.

2001–2003[edit]

2001 Fiat Siena

In 2001, the model has the first facelift. The new design was made by the Italian design-guru Giorgetto Giugiaro. The facelift includes a new front and rear design, and a brand new interior. Also, new engines came as the 16 valve Fire engines 1.0 L 70 HP and the 1.2 L 82 HP. In Turkey and China the redesign Siena was introduced with a Speedgear semi-automatic gearbox. With this new design, the small car was finally able to fight for its place in the market, becoming a success in sales. Fiat had considered changing the name to Palio Sedan, due to the lack of interest on the previous Siena, and the solid sales of its biggest competitor, the Chevrolet Prisma. This idea was later discarded. Up to this point, the Fiat Siena was the only model belonging to the Palio family that had not been well accepted by the community. Therefore Fiat gave special attention to the design of this model in particular, having its rear entirely redesigned.

2004–2007[edit]

2004 Fiat Siena

A second facelift was presented in 2004. The designer was again Giorgetto Giugiaro. It has a new front, rear, and interior design. The 2004 Siena was the first Brazilian compact sedan with four airbags (two at front and two side airbags), auto-dimming rear-view mirror, rain sensor and park assistance. These accessories, however, are very expensive for the Brazilian and most other South American markets, so they are generally not found in end-use vehicles. The engines range in South America from a 1.3 Fire 16 valve, a new 1.4 Fire 8 valve with 80 HP (the same of the latest Fiat Punto, and a 1.8 GM Powertrain 8 valve with 112 PS (82 kW), shared with the Chevrolet Corsa). The Siena EL was sold with 1.0 and 1.4 engines, both 8-valve units.

In Brazil, the top model has been equipped by Flexfuel version of the latter 1.8 Powertrain 8 valve - Gasoline and/or Alcohol - reaching 112 hp (84 kW) with gasoline and 114 hp (85 kW) with alcohol at 5,500 rpm. In Mexico is sold as Palio Sedan, first with the 1.6 16v Torque engine and later with the 1.8 GM Powertrain with 110 PS (81 kW).

In Europe, the new model features the 2004 front and interior design and a 2001 rear design. The Albea, European version of the Siena, also gained the 1.3 Multijet diesel engine, a second generation common rail turbocharged engine, developing 70 bhp (52 kW).

2008–present[edit]

2008 Fiat Siena

In 2008, Fiat unveiled the facelifted Siena. This fourth version of the model has a unique front design, which for the first time is different from the current Palio.

2008 Fiat Siena Tetrafuel 1.4. Below is shown the CNG storage tanks in the trunk.

The new Siena follows the new Fiat 'family face', with double front lights and some chrome details in the grille, and around the fog lights. The rear lights are sharp and intregrated with the trunk and appeared to be inspired by models of Alfa Romeo, like the 156 and 159.

The new Siena is in production at Betim (Brazil) and Córdoba (Argentina), with 1.0 8v, 1.4 8v, 1.4 8v TetraFuel, and 1.8 8v engines, flexible for the Brazilian market (capable of using petrol and ethanol). The TetraFuel is the first multifuel car that can run as a flexi-fuel on pure gasoline, or E25, or E100; or runs as a bi-fuel with natural gas (CNG). As of 2011, the sportive version - Siena Sporting 1.6R 16v, equipped with Fiat's Dualogic automatic gearbox - were also in production, although Fiat announced that this variant won't be offered anymore from 2012. All the New Siena EL 1.0, EL 1.4 and many ELX versions circulating at Brazil were, actually, manufactured at Argentina, as Betim's factory is still producing only the more expensive versions.

Production[edit]

It is produced in Brazil (Betim Plant), Argentina (Ferreyra), Turkey (Bursa), Poland (Tychy), India (Pune), South Africa (Rosslyn), China (Nanjing), Iran (Saveh), and Vietnam, and has also been built under licence in Nampo, North Korea from 2002 to 2006, as the Pyeonghwa Hwiparam.[9]

Sales[edit]

The following columns show the sales figures of the Fiat Siena in Brazil:

  • 1997 - 7,183[10]
  • 1998 - 21,650[10]
  • 1999 - 16,401[10]
  • 2000 - 13,890[10]
  • 2001 - 33,558[10]
  • 2002 - 32,259[10]
  • 2003 – 37,227 (8th)[11]
  • 2004 – 40,760 (8th)[12]
  • 2005 – 43,529 (9th)[13]
  • 2006 – 56,358 (7th)[14]
  • 2007 – 88,734 (7th)[15]
  • 2008 – 95,307 (7th)[16]
  • 2009 – 116,064 (7th)[17]
  • 2010 – 120,520 (7th)[18]
  • 2011 – 90,072 (9th)[19]
  • 2012 - 106,085 (8th)[10]
  • 2013 - 129,832 (6th)[20]

China[edit]

Siena[edit]

In November 2001, the Fiat Palio debuted on the Chinese market, with either the 60 PS (44 kW) 1.2 liter or the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.5 liter, followed by the Siena (effectively the large-wheelbase version, the Albea)[21] in November 2002, and the Palio Weekend in June 2003. The Siena and Weekend were not available with the smaller engine.[22]

Perla[edit]

Fiat Perla (China)

The Nanjing Fiat Perla was launched at the 2006 Auto Guangzhou Motor Show and is based on the Fiat Albea platform.[23] The car's rear got a more profound facelift for the Chinese market. For example, the rear is longer and lower than the Siena. It has a new 1.7 liter petrol engine, air conditioning, dual front airbags, anti-lock brakes, power steering, power windows, central locking, and many other features.[24] The engine has a maximum power output of 96 PS (71 kW) and a maximum torque of 140 N·m (103 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm,[25] satisfying the Euro III emission standards.[26] The length is 4,316 mm (169.9 in), the width is 1,705 mm (67.1 in), the height is 1,480 mm (58.3 in), the wheelbase is 2,439 mm (96.0 in), and the curb weight is 1,260 kg (2,780 lb).[27]

Since Fiat withdrew from Nanjing in 2007 and SAIC took over, discontinuing the Fiat models, the Perla only had a very brief existence. Russia was meant to be the first country outside China to receive the Perla, but with the 1.4 L Fire 8v engine with 77 PS (57 kW) and the Speedgear transmission.

Zotye[edit]

In 2008, Zotye Auto purchased the tooling for the Palio and the Siena,[28] and in 2011, launched its own restyled version of the car, the Zotye Z200, which is produced in both hatchback and sedan form.[29] They are now powered by a range of a 1.3 litre and a 1.5 litre petrol engines, with four valves per cylinder and variable valve timing, reportedly sourced from Mitsubishi,[30][31] which are able to develop between 92 and 118 hp (69 and 88 kW) and between 126 and 147 N·m (93 and 108 lb·ft) of torque.[32]

Safety rating[edit]

The Fiat Albea, a European version of the Siena, was tested in Russia according to the Euro NCAP latest standard, an offset frontal crash at 64 km/h (40 mph). The Albea scored 8.5 points in the frontal test, equivalent to 3 stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver airbag and regular seatbelts.[33]

The Fiat Perla, a Chinese version of the Fiat Albea, was tested in China by the China-NCap in three different tests: a 100% front crash test with a wall (like the US NTHSA test), a 40% offset test (like the Euro NCAP), and a side crash test (like in the Euro NCAP). The Perla scored 8.06 points in the 100% frontal crash test, equivalent to 3 stars, 12.02 points in the 40% offset crash test, equivalent to 4 stars, and 10.96 points in the side crash test, equivalent to 3 stars. The average result was 31 points and 3 stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver and passenger airbags and regular seatbelts.[34]

Second generation (2012–present)[edit]

Second generation (326)
Overview
Also called Fiat Grand Siena
Production 2012–present
Assembly Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Platform Fiat Economy
Related Fiat Palio
Fiat "Novo" Uno
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L Fire Tetraflex I4
1.6 L E.torQ Flex fuel I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
5-speed semi-auto (Dualogic)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,510 mm (99 in)
Length 4,290 mm (169 in)
Width 1,675 mm (65.9 in)
Height 1,506 mm (59.3 in)

The second generation of the Fiat Siena was unveiled in South America in 2012,[35] under the Grand Siena name, as the production of the previous generation continues along the new version.[citation needed] The platform of the new generation is derived from the new Palio, but with a longer wheelbase. The exterior design is different from the new Palio and was inspired from the Fiat Bravo, while the rear design was inspired from Fiat Linea.[citation needed] The interior is the same used in the Palio, with specific details.

The Grand Siena is larger than its predecessor and smaller than the Fiat Linea compact car.[36] It is powered by a new Fiat E.torq 1.6-litre flexy fuel engine, that delivers around 115 hp (86 kW), or by the smaller 1.4 16V Fire EVO Tetrafuel engine with a maximum power of 85 hp (63 kW).[citation needed] The new model weights less and has more legroom compared to its predecessor.[citation needed] The front suspension is composed by the same MacPherson system of the new Palio, but the rear suspension uses a new type of torsion beam.[citation needed]

Production of Grand Siena started in 2012, at first at the Betim plant in Brazil and later at the Ferreyra plant in Córdoba, Argentina.[citation needed] The Grand Siena is marketed only in South America.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fiat to start CKD assembly of Siena in Iran". Auto Business News. 2008-07-07.
  2. ^ "Fiat. Fiat In South Africa". Car-cat.com. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  3. ^ "Somaca Casablanca". Somaca.e-monsite.com. Retrieved 2010-04-19. 
  4. ^ Dodge Forza assembly plant
  5. ^ "1997 Fiat Siena specifications". Automobile-Catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  6. ^ "2001 Fiat Siena specifications". Automobile-Catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  7. ^ "2007 Fiat Siena specifications". Automobile-Catalog.com. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  8. ^ "Fiat Grand Siena debutta in Brasile" (in Italian). Quattroruote.it. 2012-03-26. 
  9. ^ Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2006). World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. p. 222. ISSN 1734-2945. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g [1]
  11. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2003" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2003]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  12. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2004" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2004]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  13. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2005" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2005]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  14. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2006" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2006]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  15. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2007" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2007]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  16. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2008" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2008]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2010-04-01. 
  17. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2009" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2009]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  18. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2010" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2010]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  19. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2011" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2011]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  20. ^ "Carros mais vendidos no Brasil em 2013" [The best selling cars in Brazil in 2013]. Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  21. ^ "Nanjing Fiat Siena" (in Chinese). Auto.Sina.Com.Cn. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  22. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007, p. 236
  23. ^ "Top10 slow-selling new models in China". AT188.com. 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  24. ^ "Fiat Perla high-speed stability test drive" (in Chinese). MyCar168.com. July 2007. 
  25. ^ "Fiat Perla test drive" (in Chinese). Iautos.cn. 2006-11-02. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  26. ^ "Fiat Perla review" (in Chinese). Enorth.com.cn. 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  27. ^ "Fiat Perla review" (in Chinese). PCauto.com.cn. 2006-09-21. Retrieved 2011-11-08. 
  28. ^ De Feyter, Tycho (2011-05-20). "Zotye Z200 and Z200HB Listed & Priced in China". CarNewsChina.com. 
  29. ^ Ash (2011-03-21). "Zotye Z200′s on their way in sedan and hatch form". ChinaCarTimes. 
  30. ^ "Zotye. Más que un auto.". Zotye.com.uy. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  31. ^ "Ficha tecnica Zotye Z200". Zotye.com.uy. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  32. ^ "Zotye Z200 specifications" (in Chinese). Zotye. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  33. ^ "Albea Crash Results". AutoReview Magazine, Russia. No 8, 2007.
  34. ^ "China-NCap" (in Chinese). C-NCAP.org. Retrieved 2008-01-05. 
  35. ^ "PRODUCT EYE: Grand Siena answers Fiat Brazil challengers". Just Auto. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  36. ^ "Grand Siena 2013" (in Portuguese). Fiat Brazil. Retrieved 2012-12-10. 

External links[edit]