|Also called||Fiat Perla (China)
Fiat Petra (India)
Fiat Palio Sedan (Mexico)
Pyeonghwa Hwiparam (North Korea)
Dodge Forza (Venezuela)
|Assembly||Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)
Ferreyra, Argentina (Fiat Argentina)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Bielsko-Biała & Tychy, Poland (FSM)
Nanjing, China (Nanjing Fiat)
Pune, India (Fiat India)
Saveh, Iran (PIDF)
Rosslyn, South Africa (Nissan)
Casablanca, Morocco (SOMACA)
Nampo, North Korea (Pyeonghwa)
Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (Mekong)
La Victoria, Venezuela (Fiat Venezuela)
|Designer||I.DE.A Institute (1996)
Giorgetto Giugiaro (2001, 2004)
Centre Stile Fiat Brazil (2007)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Engine||1.0 L Fire I4 (gasoline)
1.0 L Fire I4 (gasoline)
1.0 L Fiassa I4 (gasoline)
1.3 L Fiassa I4 (gasoline)
1.4 L Sevel I4 (gasoline)
1.5 L Fiassa L I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L Sevel I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L Torque I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L E-Torque I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L Powertrain I4 (gasoline)
1.3 L Multijet I4 (diesel)
1.7 L Turbo Diesel I4 (diesel)
|Wheelbase||2,360 mm (93 in) (1996–01)
2,373 mm (93.4 in) (2001–07)
2,374 mm (93.5 in) (2007–11)
|Length||4,100 mm (160 in) (1996–01)
4,135 mm (162.8 in) (2001–07)
4,155 mm (163.6 in) (2007–11)
|Width||1,614 mm (63.5 in) (1996–01)
1,634 mm (64.3 in) (2001–07)
1,639 mm (64.5 in) (2007–11)
|Height||1,445 mm (56.9 in) (1996–01)
1,453 mm (57.2 in) (2001–07)
1,425 mm (56.1 in) (2007–11)
The Fiat Siena is a subcompact car produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1996. It is the four-door sedan version of the Fiat Palio, a supermini car especially designed for developing countries. It was introduced for the first time in South America, and was produced in various countries worldwide. In Europe, a similar car based on the same platform was developed, the Fiat Albea. In 2012, Fiat released the second generation of the Siena, called the Grand Siena.
First generation (1996–present)
Launched in 1996, in Brazil, as the four-door sedan of the Fiat Palio, codenamed Project 178, the Siena was made due to the important sales benchmark of notchback models in developing countries. The range was made from Fiasa and Fire petrol engines between 1.0 L and 1.6 L.
In 2001, the model has the first facelift. The new design was made by the Italian design-guru Giorgetto Giugiaro. The facelift includes a new front and rear design, and a brand new interior. Also, new engines came as the 16 valve Fire engines 1.0 L 70 HP and the 1.2 L 82 HP. In Turkey and China the redesign Siena was introduced with a semi-auto SpeedGear gearbox. With this new design, the small car was finally able to fight for its place in the market, becoming a success in sales. Fiat had considered changing the name to Palio Sedan, due to the lack of interest on the previous Siena, and the solid sales of its biggest competitor, the Chevrolet Prisma. This idea was later discarded. Up to this point, the Fiat Siena was the only model belonging to the Palio family that had not been well accepted by the community. Therefore Fiat gave special attention to the design of this model in particular, having its rear entirely redesigned.
A second facelift was presented in 2004. The designer was again Giorgetto Giugiaro. It has a new front, rear, and interior design. The 2004 Siena was the first Brazilian compact sedan with four airbags (two at front and two side airbags), auto-dimming rear-view mirror, rain sensor and park assistance. These accessories, however, are very expensive for the Brazilian and most other South American markets, so they are generally not found in end-use vehicles. The engines range in South America from a 1.3 Fire 16 valve, a new 1.4 Fire 8 valve with 80 HP (the same of the latest Fiat Punto, and a 1.8 GM Powertrain 8 valve with 112 PS (82 kW), shared with the Chevrolet Corsa). The Siena EL was sold with 1.0 and 1.4 engines, both 8-valve units.
In Brazil, the top model has been equipped by Flexfuel version of the latter 1.8 Powertrain 8 valve - Gasoline and/or Alcohol - reaching 112 hp (84 kW) with gasoline and 114 hp (85 kW) with alcohol at 5,500 rpm. In Mexico is sold as Palio Sedan, first with the 1.6 16v Torque engine and later with the 1.8 GM Powertrain with 110 PS (81 kW).
In Europe, the new model features the 2004 front and interior design and a 2001 rear design. The Albea, European version of the Siena, also gained the 1.3 Multijet diesel engine, a second generation common rail turbocharged engine, developing 70 bhp (52 kW).
In 2008, Fiat unveiled the facelifted Siena. This fourth version of the model has a unique front design, which for the first time is different from the current Palio.
The new Siena follows the new Fiat 'family face', with double front lights and some chrome details in the grille, and around the fog lights. The rear lights are sharp and intregrated with the trunk and appeared to be inspired by models of Alfa Romeo, like the 156 and 159.
The new Siena is in production at Betim (Brazil) and Córdoba (Argentina), with 1.0 8v, 1.4 8v, 1.4 8v TetraFuel, and 1.8 8v engines, flexible for the Brazilian market (capable of using petrol and ethanol). The TetraFuel is the first multifuel car that can run as a flexi-fuel on pure gasoline, or E25, or E100; or runs as a bi-fuel with natural gas (CNG). As of 2011, the sportive version - Siena Sporting 1.6R 16v, equipped with Fiat's Dualogic automatic gearbox - were also in production, although Fiat announced that this variant won't be offered anymore from 2012. All the New Siena EL 1.0, EL 1.4 and many ELX versions circulating at Brazil were, actually, manufactured at Argentina, as Betim's factory is still producing only the more expensive versions.
It is produced in Brazil (Betim Plant), Argentina (Ferreyra), Turkey (Bursa), Poland (Tychy), India (Pune), South Africa (Rosslyn), China (Nanjing), Iran (Saveh), and Vietnam, and has also been built under licence in Nampo, North Korea since 2002, as the Pyeonghwa Hwiparam.
The following columns show the sales figures of the Fiat Siena in Brazil:
In November 2001, the Fiat Palio debuted on the Chinese market, with either the 60 PS (44 kW) 1.2 liter or the 85 PS (63 kW) 1.5 liter, followed by the Siena in November 2002, and the Palio Weekend in June 2003. The Siena and Weekend were not available with the smaller engine.
The Nanjing Fiat Perla was launched at the 2006 Auto Guangzhou Motor Show, and is based on the Fiat Albea platform. The car's rear got a more profound facelift for the Chinese market. For example, the rear is longer and lower than the Siena. It has a new 1.7 L MPi engine, air conditioning, dual front airbags, anti-lock brakes, power steering, power windows, central locking, and many other features. The engine has a maximum power output of 96 PS (71 kW) and a maximum torque of 140 N·m (103 lb·ft) at 4,000 rpm, satisfying the Euro III emission standards. The length is 4,316 mm (169.9 in), the width is 1,705 mm (67.1 in), the height is 1,480 mm (58.3 in), the wheelbase is 2,439 mm (96.0 in), and the curb weight is 1,260 kg (2,780 lb).
Since Fiat withdrew from Nanjing in 2007 and SAIC took over, discontinuing the Fiat models, the Perla only had a very brief existence. Russia was meant to be the first country outside China to receive the Perla, but with the 1.4 L Fire 8v engine with 77 PS (57 kW) and the Speedgear transmission.
The Fiat Albea, a European version of the Siena, was tested in Russia according to the Euro NCAP latest standard, an offset frontal crash at 64 km/h (40 mph). The Albea scored 8.5 points in the frontal test, equivalent to 3 stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver airbag and regular seatbelts.
The Fiat Perla, a Chinese version of the Fiat Albea, was tested in China by the China-NCap in three different tests: a 100% front crash test with a wall (like the US NTHSA test), a 40% offset test (like the Euro NCAP), and a side crash test (like in the Euro NCAP). The Perla scored 8.06 points in the 100% frontal crash test, equivalent to 3 stars, 12.02 points in the 40% offset crash test, equivalent to 4 stars, and 10.96 points in the side crash test, equivalent to 3 stars. The average result was 31 points and 3 stars. The tested vehicle was equipped with standard driver and passenger airbags and regular seatbelts.
Second generation (2012–present)
|Second generation (326)|
|Also called||Fiat Grand Siena|
|Assembly||Betim, Brazil (Fiat Brazil)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Engine||1.4 L Fire Tetraflex I4
1.6 L E.torQ Flex fuel I4
5-speed semi-auto (Dualogic)
|Wheelbase||2,510 mm (99 in)|
|Length||4,290 mm (169 in)|
|Width||1,675 mm (65.9 in)|
|Height||1,506 mm (59.3 in)|
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
The second generation of the Fiat Siena was unveiled in South America in 2012, under the Grand Siena name, as the production of the previous generation continues along the new version. The platform of the new generation is derived from the new Palio, but with a longer wheelbase. The exterior design is different from the new Palio and was inspired from the Fiat Bravo, while the rear design was inspired from Fiat Linea. The interior is the same used in the Palio, with specific details.
The Grand Siena is larger than its predecessor and smaller than the Fiat Linea compact car. It is powered by a new Fiat E.torq 1.6-litre flexy fuel engine, that delivers around 115 hp (86 kW), or by the smaller 1.4 16V Fire EVO Tetrafuel engine with a maximum power of 85 hp (63 kW). The new model weights less and has more legroom compared to its predecessor. The front suspension is composed by the same MacPherson system of the new Palio, but the rear suspension uses a new type of torsion beam.
Production of Grand Siena started in 2012, at first at the Betim plant in Brazil and later at the Ferreyra plant in Córdoba, Argentina. The Grand Siena is marketed only in South America.
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- "Top10 slow-selling new models in China". AT188.com. 2007-07-26. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
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- "Grand Siena 2013" (in Portuguese). Fiat Brazil. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
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|City car||126||Cinquecento||Seicento / 600|
|Panda I||Panda II||Panda III|
|Supermini||127||Uno||Punto I||Punto II|
|Grande Punto||Punto Evo||Punto|
|Palio / Siena||Albea|
|Small family car||Ritmo||Tipo||Bravo / Brava||Stilo||Bravo II|
|Large family car||132||Argenta||Croma I||Croma II|
|LAV||Fiorino I||Fiorino II||Fiorino III|
|Doblò I||Doblò II|
|Large MPV||Ulysse I||Ulysse II||Freemont|
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