Fiat Tipo

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Fiat Tipo
Fiattipo.JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Fiat
Production 1988-1995
Assembly Cassino – Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), Italy[1]
Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy (1989-1990)[2]
Betim, Brazil
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
Designer Ercole Spada (I.DE.A Institute)[3]
Body and chassis
Class Small family car
Body style 3/5-door hatchback
Layout FF layout
Platform Type Two platform (Tipo Due)[4]
Related Fiat Tempra
Fiat Coupé
Alfa Romeo 145/146
Alfa Romeo 155
Lancia Dedra
Lancia Delta
Powertrain
Engine Petrol:
1.1 L I4
1.4 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.7 L I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
Diesel:
1.7 L I4
1.9 L I4
Transmission 5-speed manual
CVT (Selecta)
4-speed automatic[1]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540 mm (100.0 in)
Length 3,958 mm (155.8 in)
Width 1,700 mm (66.9 in)
Height 1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight 1,020–1,230 kg (2,250–2,710 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Fiat Ritmo
Successor Fiat Bravo/Brava

The Fiat Tipo (Type 160) is a small family car designed by the IDEA design house and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995.

The Tipo was initially available only as a five-door hatchback. The car was made entirely out of galvanized body panels to avoid rust, and was built on a completely new Fiat platform, that was later used on Fiat, Alfa-Romeo and Lancia models. It also stood out, because of its boxy styling that gave it innovative levels of packaging - rear passenger room being greater than that in a rear wheel drive Ford Sierra, but in a car that was of a similar size to the smaller Ford Escort. For 1989, the Tipo won the European Car of the Year award and 1989 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.

The car has been extremely popular in Brazil. It outsold the Volkswagen Gol, which had been the best-selling Brazilian car for over twenty years. Only the Tipo, the Fiat Uno Mille and Fiat Palio have also ever outsold the Gol.

Variants[edit]

5-door tipo
5-door tipo rear

Launched in June 1988,[5] initially base (i.e.), DGT, (early Italian market DGT models were badged as 'digit', presumably in recognition of the digital dash, but this was quickly changed to DGT after a dispute over ownership of the name, leading to confusion about whether the model was diesel powered) S, SX and 16v trim levels were available. Power from 58 to 148 PS (43 to 109 kW; 57 to 146 bhp) came from 1.1, 1.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.8 16v, 2.0, and 2.0 16v petrol engines as well as a 1.7 diesel, 1.9 diesel and 1.9 turbo-diesel. The 1.1 L base engine was widely regarded as underpowered for the car; which was otherwise roomy for five adults and with above average equipment. The top of the range was the 2.0 Sedicivalvole (16 valves). The Sedicivalvole gained its engine from the Lancia Thema, and with a much smaller and lighter bodyshell to house it, this power unit brought superb performance and handling, and a top speed of around 130 mph (210 km/h) which made it faster than the Volkswagen Golf GTI of that era.

Second series Tipo five-door (Tofaş-built version)

The Tipo was facelifted in 1993 and saw the addition of a three-door version, minor exterior changes (the two evolutions of the car can be differentiated by their slightly different radiator grilles and headlamps) and improved specification; safety features like stiffer bodyshells, driver's airbag and side impact bars were added to the range. This saw new S, SX and SLX trim levels, as well as a new eight-valve 2.0 GT model.

The Tipo finally ceased production in the summer of 1995 and was replaced by the three-door Fiat Bravo and five-door Fiat Brava. The Tempra saloon and estate (Station Wagon) were replaced by the Marea. The Bravo and Brava were strong sellers throughout Europe, but the Marea was a disappointment on most markets.

1992 Fiat-Tipo
Fiat Tipo Sedicivalvole in a Classic Car Show, NEC Birmingham, UK

It was a reasonably strong seller in the UK, initially winning plaudits for its innovative and practical design as well as its good handling. The 1.1 L version was not available in the UK - the 1.4 L was the base model. The digital dashboard of higher end models proved to be controversial and unreliable. The car launched into a favourable market in the UK, where none of the "big three" carmakers (Ford, Vauxhall and Austin Rover) had launched a new car of this size since 1984. However, these three marques all had new Tipo-sized products within three years, and increased competition reduced the Tipo's sales. The final two years 1994/95 saw a significant increase in sales, but these were mostly of the low priced 1.4 L models.

Production elsewhere[edit]

In Brazil, it only started to be produced that year (1995), in a single trim level. It had a 1.6 8V engine with multipoint fuel injection, which offered a 10 PS (7.4 kW) increase compared to the old 1.6 i.e., producing 92 PS (68 kW). Previously, the Tipo had been imported from Italy and was available with three different trims that were closely associated with its engines: the basic 1.6 i.e., the luxurious 2.0 8V and the sporty 2.0 16V Sedicivalvole. It was also built in Turkey, by Tofaş. The Turkish-built cars generally did not feature catalytic converters and some thus have marginally more power than listed in the table beneath.[6] The Turkish cars also have a small "Tofaş" logo on the left side of the bootlid, and production continued at least until 1997.

Petrol[edit]

Model Engine Cat Displ Power Torque
1.1 FIRE 160A3.000 1,108 cc 56 PS (41 kW; 55 hp) at 5,500 rpm 89 N·m (66 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm
1.4 i.e., S 160A1.046 Black dot.png 1,372 cc 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 6,000 rpm 106 N·m (78 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm
159A2.000 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) at 6,000 rpm 108 N·m (80 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm
1.4, DGT[7] 160A1.000 1,372 cc 71 PS (52 kW; 70 hp) at 6,000 rpm 105 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 3,750 rpm
160A1.048 Black dot.png 72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 6,000 rpm 105 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 3,750 rpm
1.6 i.e.[7] 159A3.046 Black dot.png 1,581 cc 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 6,000 rpm 128 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm
159A3.048 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 6,000 rpm (ECE) 124 N·m (91 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm
1.6 DGT[7] 160A2.000 1,581 cc 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) at 5,800 rpm 132 N·m (97 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm
82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 6,000 rpm (ECE) 130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm
1.6 i.e. 149.C2.046 Black dot.png 1,585 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 6,250 rpm 122 N·m (90 lb·ft) at 4,250 rpm
1.7 i.e. or 1.6 S i.e.
1994-1996: Export for Germany, Greece,
Brazil (rare, 17 imported, all in Estoril Blue color and full pack), Turkey
Black dot.png 1,676 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 5,900 rpm 130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm
1.8 i.e. 159A4.000 1,756 cc 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) at 6,000 rpm 142 N·m (105 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm
1.8 i.e. 16V Sedicivalvole 160A5.000 1,756 cc 138 PS (101 kW; 136 hp) at 6,250 rpm 167 N·m (123 lb·ft) at 4,600 rpm[8]
2.0 i.e. 159A6.046 Black dot.png 1,995 cc 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5,750 rpm 159 N·m (117 lb·ft) at 3,300 rpm[8]
159A5.046 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at ? rpm  ? at ? rpm
2.0 i.e. 16V Sedicivalvole 160A8.046 Black dot.png 1,995 cc 148 PS (109 kW; 146 hp) at 6,250 rpm 173 N·m (128 lb·ft) at 5,000 rpm[8]
2.0 i.e. 16V Sport 836A3.000 Black dot.png 1,995 cc 142 PS (104 kW; 140 hp) at 6,000 rpm 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm (CEE)

Diesel[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque
1.7 D, DS 149B4.000 1,697 cc 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) at 4,600 rpm 100 N·m (74 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm[8]
1.9 DS DGT 160A7.000 1,929 cc 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 4,600 rpm 119 N·m (88 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm
1.9 T.ds, DSX 850A6.000 1,929 cc 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) at 4,100 rpm 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm

Derivatives[edit]

The Tipo platform spawned five more cars. The first of these was the Lancia Dedra sedan in 1989, followed by the Fiat Tempra in 1990. The large family car Alfa Romeo 155, the coupé Fiat Coupé and the Lancia Delta Nuova were all introduced in 1993 and were also built on the Tipo platform.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fiat/Models/Fiat Tipo". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2007-07-03. 
  2. ^ "Fiat di Pomigliano: riapre la fabbrica, ma a ottobre addio all'Alfa". metropolisweb.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-09-04. 
  3. ^ Chris Koopmann. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24. 
  4. ^ "Curiosidades Tipo". Fiat Tipo Portugal. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Fiat Tipo Review Covering 1988 - 1995". GB: CompuCars. Retrieved 2011-08-07. 
  6. ^ Özenen, Hakan, ed. (December 1996). "Türk pazarındaki otomobillerin teknik verileri" [Technical data for Turkish market automobiles]. Auto Capital (in Turkish) (Istanbul, Turkey: Hürgüç Gazetecilik A.Ş.) (1): 114. 
  7. ^ a b c Büschi, Hans U., ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German/French) 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 263. ISBN 3-444-00514-8. 
  8. ^ a b c d Automobil Revue 1991, pp. 264–267

External links[edit]