|Assembly||Cassino – Piedimonte S. Germano (Frosinone), Italy
Pomigliano d'Arco, Italy (1989-1990)
Bursa, Turkey (Tofaş)
|Designer||Ercole Spada (I.DE.A Institute)|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Small family car|
|Body style||3/5-door hatchback|
|Platform||Type Two platform (Tipo Due)|
Alfa Romeo 145/146
Alfa Romeo 155
1.1 L I4
1.4 L I4
1.6 L I4
1.7 L I4
1.8 L I4
2.0 L I4
1.7 L I4
1.9 L I4
|Wheelbase||2,540 mm (100.0 in)|
|Length||3,958 mm (155.8 in)|
|Width||1,700 mm (66.9 in)|
|Height||1,445 mm (56.9 in)|
|Curb weight||1,020–1,230 kg (2,250–2,710 lb)|
The Tipo was initially available only as a five-door hatchback. The car was made entirely out of galvanized body panels to avoid rust, and was built on a completely new Fiat platform, that was later used on Fiat, Alfa-Romeo and Lancia models. It also stood out, because of its boxy styling that gave it innovative levels of packaging - rear passenger room being greater than that in a rear wheel drive Ford Sierra, but in a car that was of a similar size to the smaller Ford Escort. For 1989, the Tipo won the European Car of the Year award and 1989 Semperit Irish Car of the Year in Ireland.
The car has been extremely popular in Brazil. It outsold the Volkswagen Gol, which had been the best-selling Brazilian car for over twenty years. Only the Tipo, the Fiat Uno Mille and Fiat Palio have also ever outsold the Gol.
Launched in June 1988, initially base (i.e.), DGT, (early Italian market DGT models were badged as 'digit', presumably in recognition of the digital dash, but this was quickly changed to DGT after a dispute over ownership of the name, leading to confusion about whether the model was diesel powered) S, SX and 16v trim levels were available. Power from 58 to 148 PS (43 to 109 kW; 57 to 146 bhp) came from 1.1, 1.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.8 16v, 2.0, and 2.0 16v petrol engines as well as a 1.7 diesel, 1.9 diesel and 1.9 turbo-diesel. The 1.1 L base engine was widely regarded as underpowered for the car; which was otherwise roomy for five adults and with above average equipment. The top of the range was the 2.0 Sedicivalvole (16 valves). The Sedicivalvole gained its engine from the Lancia Thema, and with a much smaller and lighter bodyshell to house it, this power unit brought superb performance and handling, and a top speed of around 130 mph (210 km/h) which made it faster than the Volkswagen Golf GTI of that era.
The Tipo was facelifted in 1993 and saw the addition of a three-door version, minor exterior changes (the two evolutions of the car can be differentiated by their slightly different radiator grilles and headlamps) and improved specification; safety features like stiffer bodyshells, driver's airbag and side impact bars were added to the range. This saw new S, SX and SLX trim levels, as well as a new eight-valve 2.0 GT model.
The Tipo finally ceased production in the summer of 1995 and was replaced by the three-door Fiat Bravo and five-door Fiat Brava. The Tempra saloon and estate (Station Wagon) were replaced by the Marea. The Bravo and Brava were strong sellers throughout Europe, but the Marea was a disappointment on most markets.
It was a reasonably strong seller in the UK, initially winning plaudits for its innovative and practical design as well as its good handling. The 1.1 L version was not available in the UK - the 1.4 L was the base model. The digital dashboard of higher end models proved to be controversial and unreliable. The car launched into a favourable market in the UK, where none of the "big three" carmakers (Ford, Vauxhall and Austin Rover) had launched a new car of this size since 1984. However, these three marques all had new Tipo-sized products within three years, and increased competition reduced the Tipo's sales. The final two years 1994/95 saw a significant increase in sales, but these were mostly of the low priced 1.4 L models.
In Brazil, it only started to be produced that year (1995), in a single trim level. It had a 1.6 8V engine with multipoint fuel injection, which offered a 10 PS (7.4 kW) increase compared to the old 1.6 i.e., producing 92 PS (68 kW). Previously, the Tipo had been imported from Italy and was available with three different trims that were closely associated with its engines: the basic 1.6 i.e., the luxurious 2.0 8V and the sporty 2.0 16V Sedicivalvole. It was also built in Turkey, by Tofaş. The Turkish-built cars generally did not feature catalytic converters and some thus have marginally more power than listed in the table beneath. The Turkish cars also have a small "Tofaş" logo on the left side of the bootlid, and production continued at least until 2000.
|1.1 FIRE||160A3.000||—||1,108 cc||56 PS (41 kW; 55 hp) at 5,500 rpm||89 N·m (66 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm|
|1.4 i.e., S||160A1.046||1,372 cc||70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 6,000 rpm||106 N·m (78 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm|
|159A2.000||—||78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) at 6,000 rpm||108 N·m (80 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm|
|1.4, DGT||160A1.000||—||1,372 cc||71 PS (52 kW; 70 hp) at 6,000 rpm||105 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 3,750 rpm|
|160A1.048||72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 6,000 rpm||105 N·m (77 lb·ft) at 3,750 rpm|
|1.6 i.e.||159A3.046||1,581 cc||80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 6,000 rpm||128 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm|
|159A3.048||76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 6,000 rpm (ECE)||124 N·m (91 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm|
|1.6 DGT||160A2.000||—||1,581 cc||86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) at 5,800 rpm||132 N·m (97 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm|
|82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 6,000 rpm (ECE)||130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm|
|1.6 i.e.||149.C2.046||1,585 cc||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 6,250 rpm||122 N·m (90 lb·ft) at 4,250 rpm|
|1.7 i.e. or 1.6 S i.e.
1994-1996: Export for Germany, Greece,
Brazil (rare, 17 imported, all in Estoril Blue color and full pack), Turkey
|1,676 cc||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 5,900 rpm||130 N·m (96 lb·ft) at 3,000 rpm|
|1.8 i.e.||159A4.000||—||1,756 cc||110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) at 6,000 rpm||142 N·m (105 lb·ft) at 2,500 rpm|
|1.8 i.e. 16V Sedicivalvole||160A5.000||—||1,756 cc||138 PS (101 kW; 136 hp) at 6,250 rpm||167 N·m (123 lb·ft) at 4,600 rpm|
|2.0 i.e.||159A6.046||1,995 cc||115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5,750 rpm||159 N·m (117 lb·ft) at 3,300 rpm|
|159A5.046||109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at ? rpm||? at ? rpm|
|2.0 i.e. 16V Sedicivalvole||160A8.046||1,995 cc||148 PS (109 kW; 146 hp) at 6,250 rpm||173 N·m (128 lb·ft) at 5,000 rpm|
|2.0 i.e. 16V Sport||836A3.000||1,995 cc||142 PS (104 kW; 140 hp) at 6,000 rpm||180 N·m (130 lb·ft) at 4,500 rpm (CEE)|
|1.7 D, DS||149B4.000||1,697 cc||58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) at 4,600 rpm||100 N·m (74 lb·ft) at 2,900 rpm|
|1.9 DS DGT||160A7.000||1,929 cc||65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 4,600 rpm||119 N·m (88 lb·ft) at 2,000 rpm|
|1.9 T.ds, DSX||850A6.000||1,929 cc||92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) at 4,100 rpm||190 N·m (140 lb·ft) at 2,400 rpm|
The Tipo platform spawned five more cars. The first of these was the Lancia Dedra sedan in 1989, followed by the Fiat Tempra in 1990. The large family car Alfa Romeo 155, the coupé Fiat Coupé and the Lancia Delta Nuova were all introduced in 1993 and were also built on the Tipo platform.
- "Fiat/Models/Fiat Tipo". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2007-07-03.
- "Fiat di Pomigliano: riapre la fabbrica, ma a ottobre addio all'Alfa". metropolisweb.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-09-04.
- Chris Koopmann. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24.
- "Curiosidades Tipo". Fiat Tipo Portugal. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- "Fiat Tipo Review Covering 1988 - 1995". GB: CompuCars. Retrieved 2011-08-07.
- Özenen, Hakan, ed. (December 1996). "Türk pazarındaki otomobillerin teknik verileri" [Technical data for Turkish market automobiles]. Auto Capital (in Turkish) (Istanbul, Turkey: Hürgüç Gazetecilik A.Ş.) (1): 114.
- Büschi, Hans U., ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German/French) 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 263. ISBN 3-444-00514-8.
- Automobil Revue 1991, pp. 264–267
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