Fibonacci retracement

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Fibonacci retracement levels shown on the USD/CAD currency pair
Fibonacci retracement levels shown on the USD/CAD currency pair. In this case, price retraced approximately 38.2% of a move down before continuing.

In finance, Fibonacci retracement is a method of technical analysis for determining support and resistance levels. They are named after their use of the Fibonacci sequence. Fibonacci retracement is based on the idea that markets will retrace a predictable portion of a move, after which they will continue to move in the original direction.

The appearance of retracement can be ascribed to ordinary price volatility as described by Burton Malkiel, a Princeton economist in his book A Random Walk Down Wall Street, who found no reliable predictions in technical analysis methods taken as a whole. Malkiel argues that asset prices typically exhibit signs of random walk and that one cannot consistently outperform market averages. Fibonacci retracement is created by taking two extreme points on a chart and dividing the vertical distance by the key Fibonacci ratios. 0.0% is considered to be the start of the retracement, while 100.0% is a complete reversal to the original part of the move. Once these levels are identified, horizontal lines are drawn and used to identify possible support and resistance levels.

Fibonacci ratios[edit]

Fibonacci ratios are mathematical relationships, expressed as ratios, derived from the Fibonacci sequence. The key Fibonacci ratios are 0%, 23.6%, 38.2%, 61.8%, and 100%.

F_{100\%} = \left(\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}\right)^{0}  = 1 \,

The key Fibonacci ratio of 0.618 is derived by dividing any number in the sequence by the number that immediately follows it. For example: 8/13 is approximately 0.6154, and 55/89 is approximately 0.6180.

F_{61.8\%} = \left({\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}}\right)^{-1}  \approx 0.618034 \,

The 0.382 ratio is found by dividing any number in the sequence by the number that is found two places to the right. For example: 34/89 is approximately 0.3820.

F_{38.2\%} = \left({\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}}\right)^{-2}  \approx 0.381966 \,

The 0.236 ratio is found by dividing any number in the sequence by the number that is three places to the right. For example: 55/233 is approximately 0.2361.

F_{23.6\%} = \left({\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}}\right)^{-3}  \approx 0.236068 \,

The 0 ratio is :

F_{0\%} = \left({\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}}\right)^{-\infty}  = 0 \,

Other ratios[edit]

The 0.764 ratio is the result of subtracting 0.236 from the number 1.

F_{76.4\%} = 1- \left({\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}}\right)^{-3}  \approx 0.763932 \,

The 0.786 ratio is :

F_{78.6\%} = \left({\frac{1 + \sqrt{5}}{2}}\right)^{-\frac{1}{2}}  \approx 0.786151 \,

The 0.500 ratio is derived from dividing the number 1 (second number in the sequence) by the number 2 (third number in the sequence).

F_{50\%} = \frac{1}{2}  = 0.500000 \,

Academic studies[edit]


  • Stevens, Leigh (2002). Essential technical analysis: tools and techniques to spot market trends. New York: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-15279-X. OCLC 48532501. 
  • Brown, Constance M. (2008). Fibonacci analysis. New York: Bloomberg Press. ISBN 1-57660-261-3. 
  • Posamentier, Alfred S.; Lehmann, Ingmar (2007). The fabulous Fibonacci numbers. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-59102-475-7. 
  • Malkiel, Burton (2011). A random walk down Wall Street: the time-tested strategy for successful investing. OCLC 50919959. 
  • MFTA Pershikov, Viktor (2014). The Complete Guide To Comprehensive Fibonacci Analysis on FOREX. ISBN 978-1607967606. 

External links[edit]