Ficidae

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Ficidae
Ficus gracilis.jpg
The shell of Ficus gracilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha

Superfamily: Ficoidea
Meek, 1864 (1840)
Family: Ficidae
Meek, 1864 (1840)
Synonyms

Pyrullinae Swainson, 1840
Sycotypidae Gray, 1853
Ficulidae Carpenter, 1857
Thalassocyonidae F. Riedel, 1895.

Ficidae, common name the fig shells are a family of medium to large marine gastropods. It is the only family in the superfamily Ficoidea.

According to taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005) the family Ficidae has no subfamilies.

The shells of these snails are shaped rather like figs or pears, hence the common name.

The Ficidae were previously included in the Tonnaceae (now Tonnoidea) along with the Tonnidae and Cassididae.[1][2]

Distribution[edit]

The family is found worldwide, mostly in tropical and subtropical silt and mud covered neritic zones.

Shell description[edit]

The shells of species in the Ficidae are thin but strong. They have a large aperture and a long siphonal canal, but an extremely low spire which does not protrude above the outline of the body whorl.

Fig shells very often have subdued spiral ribbing, and are subtly patterned in shades of very pale brown and beige.

Genera[edit]

Genera within the family Ficidae include:

Genera brought into synonymy
  • Ficula Swainson, 1835 : synonym of Ficus Röding, 1798
  • Pirula Montfort, 1810 : synonym of Ficus Röding, 1798
  • Pyrula Lamarck, 1799 : synonym of Ficus Röding, 1798
  • Sycotypus Gray, 1847 : synonym of Ficus Röding, 1798

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keen, A.Myra 1958; Sea Shells of Tropical West America, Stanford University Press.
  2. ^ Moore, Lalicker, and Fischer 1952; Invertebrate Fossils, McGraw-Hill Book.
  3. ^ WoRMS (2009). Ficus Röding, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205605 on 2010-05-20
  4. ^ "Austroficopsis". The Paleobiology Database, accessed 20 May 2010.
  5. ^ "Ficopsis". The Paleobiology Database, accessed 20 May 2010.
  6. ^ "Fusoficula". The Paleobiology Database, accessed 20 May 2010.
  7. ^ "Gonysycon". The Paleobiology Database, accessed 20 May 2010.
  8. ^ WoRMS (2010). Thalassocyon Barnard, 1960. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=447827 on 2010-05-20

Further reading[edit]