Fictional resistance movements and groups commonly appear in dystopian fiction, opposing the tyranny which dominates the setting.
In Chuck Palahniuk's Fight Club, the tyranny is the soul-destroying life of modern western society. The protagonist rebels against this by organising atavistic bare-knuckle fights and then by leading Project Mayhem to destroy civilisation. This story developed themes of alienation and anti-consumerism seen in earlier works such as Rebel without a Cause and The Prisoner with the epic, millennial quality of other contemporary works such as The Matrix.
^Emily McAvan (2012), The Postmodern Sacred: Popular Culture Spirituality in the Science Fiction, Fantasy and Urban Fantasy Genres, p. 163, ISBN9780786492824, "as with the use of the iconic Guy Fawkes mask from the Wachowskis' V For Vendetta as a symbol of anonymous resistance at protests"
^John M. Stoup, Glenn W. Shuck (2007), "God's Unwanted: Fight Club and the Myth of "Total Revolution"", Escape Into the Future: Cultural Pessimism and Its Religious Dimension in Contemporary American Popular Culture, Baylor University Press