Ficus (gastropod)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about sea snails. For the genus of woody plants with the same scientific name, see Ficus.
Ficus gracilis.jpg
Dorsal view of a shell of Ficus gracilis
Ficus gracilis 01.JPG
Five views of a shell of Ficus gracilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda

clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Littorinimorpha

Superfamily: Ficoidea
Family: Ficidae
Genus: Ficus
Röding, 1798[1][2]
Type species
Ficus ficus Linnaeus, C., 1758
  • Ficula Swainson, 1835
  • Pirula Montfort, 1810
  • Pyrula Lamarck, 1799
  • Sycotypus Gray, 1847

Ficus is a genus of large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Ficidae, the fig shells.[3]

This is the type genus of the family Ficidae. Previously it has been categorized in the family Muricidae by Tryon, 1873) and Tritonidae (by Mörch)


The light, pyriform shell is ventricose, ribbed, and cancellated. The spire very short. The aperture large. The smooth columella is simple. The elongated canal is straight. The thin outer lip is entire. There is no umbilicus.[4]


Species within the genus Ficus include:

Species brought into synonymy
  • Ficus atlanticus Clench & Aguayo, 1940  : synonym of Ficus pellucida Deshayes, 1856
  • Ficus carolae Clench, 1945  : synonym of Ficus papyratia carolae Clench, 1945
  • Ficus communis Röding, 1798:[14] synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus ficoides (Lamarck, 1822)  : synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus filosus (G. B. Sowerby III, 1892)  : synonym of Ficus filosa (G. B. Sowerby III, 1892)
  • Ficus howelli Clench & Aguayo, 1940  : synonym of Ficus pellucida Deshayes, 1856
  • Ficus lindae Petuch, 1988  : synonym of Ficus papyratia lindae Petuch, 1988
  • Ficus margaretae Iredale, 1931  : synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus pellucidus Deshayes, 1856 accepted as Ficus pellucida Deshayes, 1856
  • Ficus subintermedius (d'Orbigny, 1852)  : synonym of Ficus ficus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Ficus tessellatus (Kobelt, 1881)  : synonym of Ficus eospila (Péron & Lesueur, 1807)
  • Ficus variegatus Röding, 1798  : synonym of Ficus variegata Röding, 1798
  • Ficus ventricosus (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825)  : synonym of Ficus ventricosa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825)
  • Ficus villai Petuch, 1998:[15] synonym of Ficus papyratia villai Petuch, 1998


  • Lamarck J.-B. (M. de) (1799). Prodrome d'une nouvelle classification des coquilles, comprenant une rédaction appropriée des caractères géneriques, et l'établissement d'un grand nombre de genres nouveaux. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 1: 63-91
  • Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp
  • Verhaeghe, M. & Poppe, G. T., 2000 A Conchological Iconography (3), The Family Ficidae