Fideris

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Fideris
Fideris village church
Fideris village church
Coat of arms of Fideris
Coat of arms
Fideris is located in Switzerland
Fideris
Fideris
Coordinates: 46°54′N 9°44′E / 46.900°N 9.733°E / 46.900; 9.733Coordinates: 46°54′N 9°44′E / 46.900°N 9.733°E / 46.900; 9.733
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Prättigau/Davos
Government
 • Mayor Reto Lippuner
Area[1]
 • Total 25.35 km2 (9.79 sq mi)
Elevation 897 m (2,943 ft)
Population (Dec 2013[2])
 • Total 583
 • Density 23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Postal code 7235
SFOS number 3861
Surrounded by Conters im Prättigau, Jenaz, Küblis, Langwies, Luzein, Peist
Website www.fideris.ch
SFSO statistics

Fideris (Romansh: Fadrein) is a municipality in the district of Prättigau/Davos in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Fideris is first mentioned in 1370 as Fidris.[3]

Geography[edit]

Fideris from the air, showing the village's cross shape

Fideris has an area, as of 2006, of 25.3 km2 (9.8 sq mi). Of this area, 60.7% is used for agricultural purposes, while 27.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.7% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

The municipality is located in the Jenaz sub-district of the Prättigau/Davos district. It is a cross shaped linear village which lies on the Prättigau-Schanfigg route. It consists of the village of Fideris which is made up the of the sections of Strahlegg and Fideris-Au.

Demographics[edit]

Fideris has a population (as of 31 December 2013) of 583.[2] As of 2007, 3.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[5] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -1.8%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Fideris is; 97 children or 16.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 78 teenagers or 13.3% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 54 people or 9.2% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 94 people or 16.0% are between 30 and 39, 75 people or 12.8% are between 40 and 49, and 50 people or 8.5% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 61 people or 10.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 51 people or 8.7% are between 70 and 79, there are 24 people or 4.1% who are between 80 and 89 there are 2 people or 0.3% who are between 90 and 99.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 39.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the FDP (38.7%), the SP (15%) and the CVP (3.3%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Fideris about 72.1% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Fideris has an unemployment rate of 0.35%. As of 2005, there were 77 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 28 businesses involved in this sector. 62 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 14 businesses in this sector. 98 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 16 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1850 460
1870 369
1900 363
1950 524
2000 586

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (96.4%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 1.2%) and Romansh being third ( 0.7%).[4] In the early Middle Ages the entire population spoke Romansh. However, in the 14th Century the Walser migration brought Walser German speaking immigrants to the valley. By the time of the Protestant Reformation the majority of the inhabitants of the village spoke German.

Languages in Fideris
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 485 98.58% 557 95.05% 565 96.42%
Romansh 6 1.22% 6 1.02% 4 0.68%
Italian 0 0.00% 2 0.34% 3 0.51%
Population 492 100% 586 100% 586 100%

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Türmlihaus and House Nr. 41 are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 18 August 2014
  3. ^ a b Fideris in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 28-Oct-2009
  5. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 28-Oct-2009
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]