Field hockey at the Summer Olympics

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For Olympic ice hockey, see Ice hockey at the Olympic Games.
Field hockey at the Summer Olympics
Field hockey pictogram.svg
Governing body FIH
Events 2 (men: 1; women: 1)
Games
1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000
2004 2008 2012 2016
Medalists

Field hockey was introduced at the Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

Field hockey was removed from the Olympics at the 1924 Paris Games due to the lack of an international sporting structure. The International Hockey Federation (FIH, Fédération Internationale de Hockey) was founded in Paris that year as a response to field hockey's omission. Men's field hockey became a permanent feature at the next Olympic Games, the 1928 Games in Amsterdam.

For a long period of time, India dominated the Olympics, winning the men's gold medal in seven out of eight Olympics from 1928 to 1964. Later, Pakistan was also dominant, winning three gold and 3 silver between 1956 and 1984.

Since 1968, various teams from around the world have seen gold-medal success at the Olympics. Since 1968, several countries in the Southern Hemisphere have won various medals in men's and women's field hockey, including Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and Zimbabwe. A leading group of teams from the Northern Hemisphere has come from the Netherlands and from Germany.

Currently, Spain has appeared in the most Olympic men's competitions without successfully winning the men's gold medal, having won silver three times in 1980, 1996, 2008 and bronze once in 1960. Australia previously competed in 11 Olympics without winning gold before breaking their streak in 2004.

The first women's Olympic field hockey competition was held at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. Olympic field hockey games were first played on artificial turf at the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games.

Men[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
1908
Details
London
Great Britain

(England)
8–1
Great Britain
(Ireland)

Great Britain
(Scotland)

Great Britain
(Wales)
[1]
1912 Stockholm No hockey tournament No hockey tournament
1920
Details
Antwerp
Great Britain
[2]
Denmark

Belgium
[2]
France
1924 Paris No hockey tournament No hockey tournament
1928
Details
Amsterdam
India
3–0
Netherlands

Germany
3–0
Belgium
1932
Details
Los Angeles
India
[3]
Japan

United States
[3]
1936
Details
Berlin
India
8–1
Germany

Netherlands
4–3
France
1948
Details
London
India
4–0
Great Britain

Netherlands
1–1
(4–1)
Penalty strokes

Pakistan
1952
Details
Helsinki
India
6–1
Netherlands

Great Britain
2–1
Pakistan
1956
Details
Melbourne
India
1–0
Pakistan

Unified Team of Germany[4]
3–1
Great Britain
1960
Details
Rome
Pakistan
1–0
India

Spain
2–1
Great Britain
1964
Details
Tokyo
India
1–0
Pakistan

Australia
3–2
after extra time

Spain
1968
Details
Mexico City
Pakistan
2–1
Australia

India
2–1
West Germany
1972
Details
Munich
West Germany
1–0
Pakistan

India
2–1
Netherlands
1976
Details
Montreal
New Zealand
1–0
Australia

Pakistan
3–2
Netherlands
1980
Details
Moscow
India
4–3
Spain

Soviet Union
2–1
Poland
1984
Details
Los Angeles
Pakistan
2–1
after extra time

West Germany

Great Britain
3–2
Australia
1988
Details
Seoul
Great Britain
3–1
West Germany

Netherlands
2–1
Australia
1992
Details
Barcelona
Germany
2–1
Australia

Pakistan
4–3
Netherlands
1996
Details
Atlanta
Netherlands
3–1
Spain

Australia
3–2
Germany
2000
Details
Sydney
Netherlands
3–3
(5–4)
Penalty strokes

South Korea

Australia
6–3
Pakistan
2004
Details
Athens
Australia
2–1
after extra time

Netherlands

Germany
4–3
after extra time

Spain
2008
Details
Beijing
Germany
1–0
Spain

Australia
6–2
Netherlands
2012
Details
London
Germany
2–1
Netherlands

Australia
3–1
Great Britain
2016
Details
Rio de Janeiro
2020
Details
Tokyo

Team appearances[edit]

Team 1908 1920 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 Total
 Afghanistan 6th 8th 11th 3
 Argentina 5th 14th 14th 11th 8th 11th 9th 8th 11th 10th 10
 Australia 5th 6th 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 4th 4th 2nd 3rd 3rd 1st 3rd 3rd 14
 Austria 9th 8th 7th 3
 Belgium 3rd 4th 9th 5th 9th 7th 11th 11th 9th 10th 9th 9th 5th 13
 Canada 13th 10th 12th 11th 10th 10th 6
 China 11th 1
 CIS# 10th 1
 Cuba 5th 1
 Denmark 2nd 5th 10th 11th 16th 5
 East Germany 11th 1
 Egypt 12th 12th 2
 England 1st 1
 Finland 9th 1
 France 6th 4th 5th 4th 8th 11th 10th 10th 12th 9
 Great Britain 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 4th 9th 12th 6th 3rd 1st 6th 7th 6th 9th 5th 4th 16
 Germany 5th 3rd 2nd 5th 1st 4th 5th 3rd 1st 1st 10
 Hong Kong 15th 1
 Hungary 8th 1
 India 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st 3rd 3rd 7th 1st 5th 6th 7th 8th 7th 7th 12th 19
 Ireland 2nd 1
 Italy 11th 13th 2
Team 1908 1920 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 Total
 Japan 2nd 7th 14th 7th 12th Q 6
 Kenya 10th 7th 6th 8th 13th 9th 12th 7
 Malaysia 9th 9th 15th 8th 8th 10th 9th 11th 11th 9
 Mexico 16th 16th 2
 Netherlands 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 9th 7th 5th 4th 4th 6th 3rd 4th 1st 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 17
 New Zealand 6th 5th 13th 7th 9th 1st 7th 8th 6th 7th 9th 11
 Pakistan 4th 4th 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 3rd 1st 5th 3rd 6th 4th 5th 8th 7th 16
 Poland 6th 12th 11th 4th 12th 5
 Scotland 3rd 1
 Singapore 8th 1
 South Africa 10th 10th 12th 11th 4
 South Korea 10th 5th 2nd 8th 6th 8th 6
 Soviet Union# 3rd 7th 2
 Spain 7th 11th 3rd 4th 6th 7th 6th 2nd 8th 9th 5th 2nd 9th 4th 2nd 6th 16
  Switzerland 7th 5th 5th 7th 15th 5
 Tanzania 6th 1
 Uganda 15th 1
 Unified Team of Germany 3rd 7th 5th 3
 United States 3rd 11th 11th 12th 11th 12th 6
 Wales 3rd 1
 West Germany 4th 1st 5th 2nd 2nd 5
 Zimbabwe 11th 1
Total 6 4 9 3 11 13 12 12 16 15 16 16 11 6 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 270
# = states or teams that have since split into two or more independent nations

India is the only team to have competed at almost every Olympic Game, except for only three editions; 44 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Game.

Women[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Bronze medal match
Gold medal Score Silver medal Bronze medal Score Fourth place
1980
Details
Moscow
Zimbabwe
[5]
Czechoslovakia

Soviet Union
[5]
India
1984
Details
Los Angeles
Netherlands
[6]
West Germany

United States
(10–5)
Penalty strokes[7]

Australia
1988
Details
Seoul
Australia
2–0
South Korea

Netherlands
3–1
Great Britain
1992
Details
Barcelona
Spain
2–1
after extra time

Germany

Great Britain
4–3
South Korea
1996
Details
Atlanta
Australia
3–1
South Korea

Netherlands
0–0
(4–3)
Penalty strokes

Great Britain
2000
Details
Sydney
Australia
3–1
Argentina

Netherlands
2–0
Spain
2004
Details
Athens
Germany
2–1
Netherlands

Argentina
1–0
China
2008
Details
Beijing
Netherlands
2–0
China

Argentina
3–1
Germany
2012
Details
London
Netherlands
2–0
Argentina

Great Britain
3–1
New Zealand
2016
Details
Rio de Janeiro
2020
Details
Tokyo

Team appearances[edit]

Team 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016 2020 Total
 Argentina 7th 7th 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 6
 Australia 4th 1st 5th 1st 1st 5th 5th 5th 8
 Austria 5th 1
 Belgium 11th 1
 Canada 5th 6th 7th 3
 Czechoslovakia# 2nd 1
 China 5th 4th 2nd 6th 4
 Germany 2nd 6th 7th 1st 4th 7th 6
 Great Britain 4th 3rd 4th 8th 6th 3rd 6
 India 4th 1
 Japan 8th 10th 9th Q 3
 Netherlands 1st 3rd 6th 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 1st 8
 New Zealand 6th 8th 6th 6th 12th 4th 6
 Poland 6th 1
 South Africa 10th 9th 11th 10th 4
 South Korea 2nd 4th 2nd 9th 7th 9th 8th 7
 Soviet Union# 3rd 1
 Spain 1st 8th 4th 10th 7th 5
 United States 3rd 8th 5th 8th 12th 5
 West Germany 2nd 5th 2
 Zimbabwe 1st 1
Total 6 6 8 8 8 10 10 12 12 12 12 104
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Australia and the Netherlands are the only teams to have competed at almost every Olympic Game, except for only one edition; 21 teams have competed in at least one Olympic Game.

Medal table[edit]

The Indian Hockey team at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, later going on to defeat Germany 8–1 in the final
Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  India (IND)* 8 1 2 11
2  Netherlands (NED) 5 5 6 16
3  Australia (AUS) 4 3 5 12
4  Germany (GER) 4 2 2 8
5  Pakistan (PAK) 3 3 2 8
6  Great Britain (GBR) 3 2 6 11
7  Spain (ESP) 1 3 1 5
8  West Germany (FRG) 1 3 0 4
9  New Zealand (NZL) 1 0 0 1
 Zimbabwe (ZIM) 1 0 0 1
11  South Korea (KOR) 0 3 0 3
12  Argentina (ARG) 0 2 2 4
13  China (CHN) 0 1 0 1
 Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 1 0 1
 Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
 Japan (JPN) 0 1 0 1
17  Soviet Union (URS) 0 0 2 2
 United States (USA) 0 0 2 2
19  Belgium (BEL) 0 0 1 1
 Unified Team of Germany (EUA) 0 0 1 1
Total 31 31 32 94

* Includes 3 gold medals as British India

Nations[edit]

Only players who participated in at least one game are counted.

Nation 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 Years
 Afghanistan (AFG)           12 14 X 3
 Argentina (ARG)           12 X X X X X X X X MW 10
 Australia (AUS)           X X X X X X X X X X X X X MW 14
 Austria (AUT)           16 12 11 3
 Belgium (BEL)         14   18 12 13 11 X X X X X X X MW 13
 Canada (CAN)           X X X X X X 6
 China (CHN)           X W 1
 Cuba (CUB)           X 1
 Denmark (DEN)         12   13 13 16 X 5
 Egypt (EGY)           X X 2
 Finland (FIN)           11 1
 France (FRA)       11   11   15 18 14 13 X X X 9
 Germany (GER)       11     19 22 15 X X X X X X X X X MW 14
 East Germany (GDR)           X 1
 West Germany (FRG)           X X X X 4
 Great Britain (GBR)       44*   15   12 13 X X X X X X X X X X X X MW 17
 Hong Kong (HKG)           X 1
 Hungary (HUN)           15 1
 India (IND)           14 15 19 20 14 X X X X X X X X X X X X X M 13
 Italy (ITA)           11 X 2
 Japan (JPN)           11 11 X X X W 6
 South Korea (KOR)           X X X X X MW 6
 Kenya (KEN)           X X X X X X X 7
 Malaysia (MAS)           X X X X X X X X X 9
 Mexico (MEX)           X X 2
 Netherlands (NED)           11 12 12 11 X X X X X X X X X X X X MW 14
 New Zealand (NZL)           X X X X X X X X X X MW 11
 Pakistan (PAK)           19 16 X X X X X X X X X X X X M 15
 Poland (POL)           11 X X X X 5
 Rhodesia (RHO)           X 1
 Spain (ESP)           15 14 X X X X X X X X X X X X X M 16
 Singapore (SIN)           X 1
 Soviet Union (URS)           X X 2
 South Africa (RSA)           X X X MW 4
 Switzerland (SUI)           16 13 15 11 X 5
 Tanzania (TAN)           X 1
 Unified Team (EUN)           X 1
 Uganda (UGA)           X 4
 United States (USA)           13 14 14 X X X W 7
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)           X 1
Nations 3 4 9 3 11 13 12
Field hockey players 66 52 137 39 161 187 144
Year 96 00 04 08 12 20 24 28 32 36 48 52 56 60 64 68 72 76 80 84 88 92 96 00 04 08 12 21

* Four teams competed: England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ There was no bronze medal match for the 1908 Games in London.
  2. ^ a b The 1920 tournament was played in a round-robin format, so there were no gold medal or bronze medal matches.
  3. ^ a b Only three teams participated in the 1932 tournament, so they played a round-robin format.
  4. ^ The Unified Team of Germany was the combined team from West Germany and East Germany that competed together at the Olympic Games from 1956 to 1964. Then each country sent independent teams from 1968 to 1988.
  5. ^ a b Round-robin format play in 1980 for women's tournament
  6. ^ Round Robin format use in 1984 women's tournament
  7. ^ The final standings show both the United States and Australia were tied in points and had same margin in goal difference (both having scored 9 goals and conceded 7 goals), therefore a penalty stroke competition was played to decide the bronze medal winner, with the United States winning.