Field hockey in India

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Field hockey in India
Chandigarh hockey stadium.JPG
International hockey match in Chandigarh
Country India
Governing body Hockey India
National team India
National competitions
International competitions

The Indian men's field hockey team is the most successful field hockey team in Olympic history with 8 gold, 1 silver, and 2 bronze medals. Field hockey was introduced to India in 1885.[1]

Management[edit]

New Committee (IOA)[edit]

The Indian Olympic Association appointed a new five-member national selection committee. This panel will work in conjunction with the International Hockey Federation in managing field hockey in India.[2] The panel was headed by Aslam Sher Khan, a former MP and former hockey captain and includes Ashok Kumar, Ajit Pal Singh, Zafar Iqbal and Dhanraj Pillay. Aslam Sher Khan has now been replaced by Ajit Pal Singh as the chairman of the national selection committee. Aslam Sher Khan was highly displeased by this decision, though he remained as a selector.[3][4]

In a 30 April 2008 interview with India Today, Khan indicated the impact of the 2007 film about the National Women's Hockey Team, Chak De India, on his future strategy by stating that he wants "to create a 'Chak De' effect" within Indian hockey.[5]

National teams[edit]

National men's team[edit]

Indian Hockey team

The Indian Hockey Team is the national men's hockey team of India. It was the first non-European team to be a part of the International Hockey Federation. In 1928, the team won its first Olympic gold medal. From 1928 to 1956, the Indian men's team remained unbeaten in the Olympics, garnering six gold medals in a row. The Indian team has won a total of eight gold, one silver and two bronze medals in Olympics.

On 9 March 2008, India lost 2–0 to Britain at Santiago, Chile in the final of one of the three qualifying tournaments for the Beijing Olympics. With only the winner advancing to the 12-team event,[6] the Indian men's team was eliminated from the Beijing Olympics competition. This is the first time that the Indian men's team did not participate in the Olympics since 1928.[7]

On 26 Feb 2012, the India men's national field hockey team qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London after a gap of 8 years. The team had a resounding victory over France in the finals of the Olympic qualifiers by beating France by 8–1. Ace drag-flicker Sandeep Singh, starred in the final against France by scoring five goals – including a hat-trick – all from penalty corners (19th, 26th, 38th, 49th and 51st). [8]

National women's team[edit]

The Indian Women's Hockey Team is the national women's team representing hockey in India. Captain Suraj Lata Devi led the team to the Gold for three consecutive years: during the 2002 Commonwealth Games (the event which inspired the 2007 Bollywood hit film, Chak De India), the 2003 Afro-Asian Games, and the 2004 Hockey Asia Cup. They were referred to as the "Jassi (Jasjeet) jaisi koi nahi" or "Golden girls of hockey," after winning the 2004 Hockey Asia Cup.[9]

On 24 April 2008, India lost 2–1 to the United States during the 2008 Women's Field Hockey Olympic Qualifier. The team was thus eliminated from the Beijing Olympics competition. On 29 April 2008, following the suspension of the Indian Hockey Federation,[10] The Hindustan Times revealed that 16 days before leaving for the games, a report found many of the players to be unfit for international competition. The report was quoted as stating, "Eleven girls are suffering from different injuries and are under treatment and thus not fit for international competition of Olympic qualifying standards."[11] On 27 June 2009, India became the first winner of the women's Champions Challenge II in hockey history after they defeated Belgium 6–3 in the final in Kazan, Russia.[12]

State teams and events[edit]

Odisha ( Orissa Steelers )[edit]

Main article: Orissa Steelers
Hockey turf in Sundergarh, Odisha

The craze of Hockey in Odisha is high. Many National players in Hockey are from Odisha. Lazarus Barla, Prabodh Tirkey, Dilip Tirkey, Ignace Tirkey, Ignace Tirkey, Jyoti Sunita Kullu, Lazarus Barla, Subhadra Pradhan, Birendra Lakra and Anupa Barla are the few name who brought the fame to Indian hockey in International level. Premier Hockey League (PHL) is league competition for field Hockey clubs in the top division of the Indian hockey system. There are seven teams in the PHL and in East India only team is Orissa Steelers who won Premier Hockey League 2007 .

National tournaments[edit]

  1. All India MCC Murugappa Gold Cup Hockey Tournament, Chennai[T.N]
  2. All India Gurmeet Memorial Hockey Tournament, Chandigarh[Punjab]
  3. IndianOil Surjit Hockey Tournament, Jalandhar[Punjab]
  4. All India Chhatrapati Shivaji Hockey Tournament, Delhi
  5. All India Aagha Khan Hockey Tournament, Mumbai[Maharashtra]
  6. All India Bombay Gold Cup Hockey Tournament, Mumbai[Maharashtra]
  7. All India Obaidullah Khan Gold Cup Hockey Tournament, Bhopal[M.P.]
  8. All India Jawaharlal Nehru Hockey Tournament, Delhi
  9. All India Lal Bahadur Shastri Hockey Tournament, Delhi
  10. All India Sanjay Hockey Tournament, Delhi
  11. All India K D singh Babu Memorial Invitational Prize Money Hockey Tournament, Lucknow[U.P.]
  12. All India Ramesh Chander Memorial Hockey Tournament, Jalandhar[Punjab]
  13. All India Liberals Hockey Tournament, Nabha
  14. All India Shri Shadilal Rajendra Lal Memorial Hockey Tournament, Shamli[U.P.]
  15. All India Indira Gold Cup Hockey Tournament, Jammu[J & K]
  16. All India Beighton Cup Hockey Tournament, Kolkata[W.B]
  17. All India G.P.Kuppuswami Naidu Hockey Tournament, Kovilpatti[T.N.]
  18. Senior National Hockey Tournament
  19. Junior National Hockey Tournament
  20. Sub-junior National Hockey Tournament
  21. Amarjeet Singh Bola Memorial Hockey Tournament Chakdana,Nawanshahr,Punjab
  22. Bundel Khand All India Hockey Tournament, Mahoba (U.P.)
  23. Republic All India Hockey Tournament, Katni, M.P.
  24. All India Hockey Tournament,Damoh,M.P.
  25. All India Hockey Tournament,Indore,M.P.
  26. All India Hockey Tournament,Mhow,M.P.
  27. All India Hockey Tournament,Ujjain,M.P.
  28. All India Hockey Tournament,Tikamgarh,M.P.
  29. All India Hockey Tournament,Ratlam,M.P.
  30. All India Hockey Tournament,Khargon,M.P.
  31. All India Hockey Tournament,Hoshangabad,M.P.
  32. All India Hockey Tournament,Balaghat,M.P.
  33. Bhagat Singh All India Hockey Tournament,Gwalior,M.P.
  34. Kodava Hockey Festival
  35. Dr. B.R.Ambedkar All India Hockey Tournament(under-16 Boys),Nagpur
  36. Mahanth Raja Sarweshwer Das memoriol All India Hockey Tournament,Rajnandgaon,C.G.

Premier Hockey League[edit]

Main article: Premier Hockey League

The Indian Hockey Federation also conducts the Premier Hockey League (PHL), a domestic field hockey tournament in India since 2005, with active support from sports news channel ESPN India. The tournament was initiated to revive interest in the sport which was losing spectator interest to cricket in recent times. This is now replaced by World Series Hockey.

Orissa Steelers after winning PHL in 2007

World Series Hockey[edit]

Main article: World Series Hockey

World Series Hockey is a proposed domestic hockey league in India. Though the name is given as World Series this competition does not deal with national teams of any nation. This tournament has clubs from eight Indian cities which will participate in the first season in 2011–12. This tournament will have 200 players from all around the world along with Indian players. Hence the name is given as World Series Hockey. This tournament replaces the old tournament of Premier Hockey League.

Hockey India League[edit]

Main article: Hockey India League

After the success of World Series Hockey by Indian Hockey Federation, Hockey India have decided to start their own league for field hockey in India. Three out of six franchises are have signed this league they are, the Lucknow franchise by Sahara India Pariwar, the Punjab franchise from Mohali signed by Jaypee Group and Ranchi franchise by Patel-Uniexel Group. The broadcast rights are given to ESPN Star Sports (ESS). The first tournament is expected to be played in January 2013.

Road to 2012 Summer Olympics in London[edit]

On 26 Feb 2012, the Indian men's national field hockey team have qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics in London after a gap of 8 years. The team had a resounding victory over France in the finals of the Olympic qualifiers by beating France 8–1.Ace drag-flicker Sandeep Singh, starred in the final against France by scoring five goals – including a hat-trick – all from penalty corners (19th, 26th, 38th, 49th and 51st).[13] [14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of field hockey, accessdate: 28 October 2013
  2. ^ canadianpress.google.com[dead link]
  3. ^ "United we'll stand: Aslam Sher Khan". Sify sports (www.sify.com). 2008-04-29. Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  4. ^ sports.in.msn.com[dead link]
  5. ^ Singh, Vandana (30 April 2008). "I want to establish a club culture in Indian hockey: Aslam Sher Khan". India Today (indiatoday.intoday.in). Retrieved 20 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "It felt like there was a death in the family". IBN Live (ibnlive.in.com). 10 March 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "India fail to make it to Olympic hockey". The Times of India (timesofindia.indiatimes.com). 10 March 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Indian Hockey Team Qualifies for London Olympics". NDTV. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  9. ^ Pandey, Vineeta (15 February 2004). "Indian sportswomen: Still the second sex". The Times of India (timesofindia.indiatimes.com). Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  10. ^ "Indian hockey body is suspended". bbc.co.uk. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  11. ^ "Damaging fitness report adds to India's woes". Reuters (reuters.com). 29 April 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "India win women's Champions Challenge II". sports.rediff.com. 28 June 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  13. ^ "Indian Hockey Team Qualifies for London Olympics". NDTV. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 
  14. ^ "India's road to London Olympics: Six matches, six wins and a billion smiles". NDTV. 2012-02-26. Retrieved 2012-02-26. 

External links[edit]