Fields, Oregon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Fields
Unincorporated community
Fields is located in Oregon
Fields
Fields
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 42°15′52″N 118°40′31″W / 42.2643371°N 118.6751809°W / 42.2643371; -118.6751809Coordinates: 42°15′52″N 118°40′31″W / 42.2643371°N 118.6751809°W / 42.2643371; -118.6751809
Country United States
State Oregon
County Harney
Elevation 4,236 ft (1,291 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 86
Time zone Pacific

Fields is an unincorporated community in Harney County, Oregon, United States, located 112 miles (180 km) south of Burns. It is the center of commerce for local ranches and the largest community between Denio, Nevada, 22 miles (35 km) to the south, and Frenchglen, Oregon, 52.4 miles (84.3 km) to the north.

History[edit]

In 1881, Charles Fields established a homestead where the community of Fields is located today. Fields built a stagecoach roadhouse to serve the stage route between Winnemucca, Nevada and Burns. A one-room school was established at the site around 1900 with one teacher. Fields sold his business to John Smyth in 1911. The Fields post office was opened two years later. The stone roadhouse was eventually remodeled into a store and restaurant, and is still in use. The original stone horse barn has partly collapsed, but remains in use. Today, the community of Fields consists of a post office, store, cafe, gas station, school, camp ground, and a few houses. As of 2003, the school has two rooms and two teachers serving kindergarten through eighth grade.[1][2][3]

Ranching began in the area in 1869 when Whitehorse Ranch was established. The Rose Valley Borax Company processed about 400 short tons (360,000 kg) of crystallized borax annually from 1892 to 1902. Chinese workers collected alkali formed from evaporating spring water containing 80 parts per million (ppm) borate.[2]

Demographics[edit]

In 2000, the community had a population of 86, including 17 students through grade 8. The average age was 38; the average household size was 2.53 persons; the average household income was $18,700; 85% of the community resided in a rented home.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Fields, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
(16)
70
(21)
78
(26)
89
(32)
97
(36)
101
(38)
106
(41)
101
(38)
96
(36)
92
(33)
76
(24)
62
(17)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 42.0
(5.6)
45.8
(7.7)
53.5
(11.9)
58.8
(14.9)
69.5
(20.8)
79.3
(26.3)
90.3
(32.4)
88.1
(31.2)
78.5
(25.8)
64.7
(18.2)
49.8
(9.9)
40.9
(4.9)
63.4
(17.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.4
(0.2)
35.3
(1.8)
41.9
(5.5)
46.4
(8)
55.9
(13.3)
57.1
(13.9)
74.7
(23.7)
72.1
(22.3)
62.8
(17.1)
50.5
(10.3)
38.7
(3.7)
31.5
(−0.3)
49.9
(9.9)
Average low °F (°C) 22.7
(−5.2)
24.8
(−4)
30.3
(−0.9)
33.9
(1.1)
42.3
(5.7)
49.3
(9.6)
59.1
(15.1)
56.1
(13.4)
47.1
(8.4)
36.2
(2.3)
27.6
(−2.4)
22.1
(−5.5)
37.6
(3.1)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−2
(−19)
1
(−17)
14
(−10)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
35
(2)
28
(−2)
10
(−12)
1
(−17)
−7
(−22)
−20
(−29)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.80
(20.3)
0.57
(14.5)
0.62
(15.7)
0.69
(17.5)
0.86
(21.8)
0.48
(12.2)
0.19
(4.8)
0.17
(4.3)
0.31
(7.9)
0.53
(13.5)
0.59
(15)
0.73
(18.5)
6.54
(166.1)
Source: Western Regional Climate Center, period of record 5/1/1973 to 3/31/2013 for averages[5]

Recreation[edit]

Sightseers, hunters, and fishers often stop at Fields. Local wildlife includes pronghorn, mule deer, elk, bighorn sheep, pheasants, doves, geese, and ducks. Rainbow trout are found in nearby streams. There are also publicly accessible hot springs in the area including Alvord Hot Springs, Bog Hot Springs, and White Horse Hot Springs. Many photographers are interested in Steens Mountain, which is located about 60 miles (97 km) to the north.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 351. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  2. ^ a b "Area information". Alvord Inn. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  3. ^ a b "Fields, Oregon", www.southernoregon.com, 21 April 2014.
  4. ^ "Zip Code Tabulation Area 97710". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-07-01. 
  5. ^ "Fields, Oregon". Western Regional Climate Center. Desert Research Institute. Retrieved September 28, 2013.