Fields, Oregon

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Fields
Unincorporated community
Fields is located in Oregon
Fields
Fields
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 42°15′52″N 118°40′31″W / 42.2643371°N 118.6751809°W / 42.2643371; -118.6751809Coordinates: 42°15′52″N 118°40′31″W / 42.2643371°N 118.6751809°W / 42.2643371; -118.6751809
Country United States
State Oregon
County Harney
Elevation[1] 4,236 ft (1,291 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 120
  Within zip code 97710[2]
Time zone Pacific
GNIS feature ID 1120703

Fields is an unincorporated community in Harney County, Oregon, United States,[1] located 112 miles (180 km) south of Burns. It is the center of commerce for local ranches and the largest community between Denio, Nevada, 22 miles (35 km) to the south, and Frenchglen, Oregon, 52.4 miles (84.3 km) to the north.

History[edit]

In 1881, Charles Fields established a homestead where the community of Fields is located today. Fields built a stagecoach roadhouse to serve the stage route between Winnemucca, Nevada, and Burns. A one-room school was established at the site around 1900 with one teacher. Fields sold his business to John Smyth in 1911. The Fields post office was opened two years later. The stone roadhouse was eventually remodeled into a store and restaurant, and is still in use. The original stone horse barn has partly collapsed, but remains in use. Today, the community of Fields consists of a post office, store, cafe, gas station, school, camp ground, and a few houses. As of 2003, the school has two rooms and two teachers serving kindergarten through eighth grade.[3][4][5]

Ranching began in the area in 1869 when Whitehorse Ranch was established. The Rose Valley Borax Company processed about 400 short tons (360,000 kg) of crystallized borax annually from 1892 to 1902. Chinese workers collected alkali formed from evaporating spring water containing 80 parts per million (ppm) borate.[4]

Climate[edit]

Averaging under 7 inches (180 mm) of precipitation per year, Fields is among the driest places in Oregon.[6][7] The nearby Alvord Desert may be the driest.[8]

Climate data for Fields, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 61
(16)
70
(21)
78
(26)
89
(32)
97
(36)
101
(38)
106
(41)
101
(38)
96
(36)
92
(33)
76
(24)
62
(17)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 42.0
(5.6)
45.8
(7.7)
53.5
(11.9)
58.8
(14.9)
69.5
(20.8)
79.3
(26.3)
90.3
(32.4)
88.1
(31.2)
78.5
(25.8)
64.7
(18.2)
49.8
(9.9)
40.9
(4.9)
63.4
(17.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 32.4
(0.2)
35.3
(1.8)
41.9
(5.5)
46.4
(8)
55.9
(13.3)
57.1
(13.9)
74.7
(23.7)
72.1
(22.3)
62.8
(17.1)
50.5
(10.3)
38.7
(3.7)
31.5
(−0.3)
49.9
(9.9)
Average low °F (°C) 22.7
(−5.2)
24.8
(−4)
30.3
(−0.9)
33.9
(1.1)
42.3
(5.7)
49.3
(9.6)
59.1
(15.1)
56.1
(13.4)
47.1
(8.4)
36.2
(2.3)
27.6
(−2.4)
22.1
(−5.5)
37.6
(3.1)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−2
(−19)
1
(−17)
14
(−10)
18
(−8)
28
(−2)
40
(4)
35
(2)
28
(−2)
10
(−12)
1
(−17)
−7
(−22)
−20
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.80
(20.3)
0.57
(14.5)
0.62
(15.7)
0.69
(17.5)
0.86
(21.8)
0.48
(12.2)
0.19
(4.8)
0.17
(4.3)
0.31
(7.9)
0.53
(13.5)
0.59
(15)
0.73
(18.5)
6.54
(166.1)
Source: Western Regional Climate Center (period of record for averages is 5/1/1973 to 3/31/2013)[9]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census, the area of zip code 97710 had a population of 120, with 69 males and 51 females. Out of the 120 people, 119 identified as white. Most of the population (15.8%) was between 50 and 54 years old. The average age was 44.5, and the average household size was 2.35 people.[2]

Recreation[edit]

Sightseers, hunters, and fishers often stop at Fields. Local wildlife include pronghorn, mule deer, elk, bighorn sheep, pheasants, doves, geese, and ducks. Rainbow trout are found in nearby streams. There are also publicly accessible hot springs in the area, including Alvord Hot Springs, Bog Hot Springs, and White Horse Hot Springs. Many photographers are interested in Steens Mountain, which is located about 60 miles (97 km) to the north.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Fields". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. November 28, 1980. Retrieved September 23, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "2010 Demographic Profile Data: ZCTA5 97710". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 23, 2014. 
  3. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [First published 1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 351. ISBN 9780875952772. OCLC 53075956. 
  4. ^ a b "Area information". Alvord Inn. Retrieved June 30, 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Fields, Oregon", www.southernoregon.com. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  6. ^ "Oregon's Unique Climate". Oregon Photos. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Oregon Annual Rainfall and Climate Data". Coolweather.net. Retrieved September 22, 2014. 
  8. ^ Lorain, Douglas (2011). 100 Classic Hikes in Oregon (Second ed.). Seattle, Washington: The Mountaineers Books. p. 239. ISBN 978-1-59485-492-7. 
  9. ^ "Fields, Oregon". Western Regional Climate Center. Desert Research Institute. Retrieved September 28, 2013.