Fife and Forfar Yeomanry

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The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
Fife and Forfar Yeomanry (cap badge).png
Cap Badge of The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry
Active 1793-1956
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Army
Type Yeomanry
Role Armoured
Size One Regiment
Nickname The Fifes
Knife and Forkers[1]
Motto Pro Artis Et Focis
Latin: "for Hearth and Home"
March Quick March(band) - Wee Cooper of Fife; Slow March(band) Bonnie Dundee
Engagements

Second Boer War
World War I

Gallipoli 1915
Egypt 1915–17
Palestine 1917–18
France and Flanders 1918

World War II

North-West Europe 1940
North-West Europe 1944–45
Insignia
Regimental Colours Ffy belt.png

The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry (FFY) was an Armoured Yeomanry Regiment of the British Territorial Army from 1793 to 1956 when it was amalgimated with the Scottish Horse.

It was raised to counter the threat of invasion by France in the late 18th Century but first saw service in the Boer War. The Regiment saw heavy fighting in both the Great War and World War II.

Today the combined regiments are perpetuated by "C" (FFY/SH) Squadron of The Queen's Own Yeomanry based in Cupar in Fife.

History[edit]

The Fife and Forfar Light Horse[edit]

  • The Forfar Troop (aka The Angus Cavalry)
    Raised in 1793 but it was not until 1875 when they attached themselves to the Fife Light Horse.
  • Fifeshire Light Dragoons (a Fencible Cavalry unit)
    Raised in 1798 was renamed The Fife Yeomanry Cavalry soon after, it name again gaining the designation “Royal” to its title in 1814 after receiving the thanks of both Houses of Parliament for its services.
  • Fifeshire Mounted Rifle Volunteers
    In 1860 "The Royal Fife Yeomanry Cavalry" was re-roled as "Fifeshire Mounted Rifle Volunteers" (FMRV) were under the command of the Earl of Rosslyn.
  • 1st Fifeshire Light Horse Volunteer Corps
    The FMRV were re-roled once more as Light Horse in 1870 and 1875 The Forfar Troop were formally attached forming The Fife and Forfar Light Horse.

20th Company of The Imperial Yeomanry[edit]

At the start of the Boer War volunteers from the Fife and Forfar Light Horse whose regiment could not be sent overseas volunteered to form The 20th (Fife and Forfar) Company Imperial Yeomanry for service in South Africa.

The Company served in South Africa from early 1900 and during it campaign received a total of 500 officers and men from the Fife and Forfar Light Horse.

The Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry[edit]

In May 1901 the Fifeshire Volunteer Light Horse and the Forfarshire Volunteer Light Horse were amalgamated, and converted into a regiment of Imperial Yeomanry, to be designated the Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry.[2]
The "Imperial" was dropped from the title on the formation of the Territorial Force in 1908.

World War I[edit]

Highland Mounted Brigade
Organisation on 4 August 1914

In accordance with the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9) which brought the Territorial Force into being, the TF was intended to be a home defence force for service during wartime and members could not be compelled to serve outside the country. However, on the outbreak of war on 4 August 1914, many members volunteered for Imperial Service. Therefore, TF units were split in August and September 1914 into 1st Line (liable for overseas service) and 2nd Line (home service for those unable or unwilling to serve overseas) units. Later, a 3rd Line was formed to act as a reserve, providing trained replacements for the 1st and 2nd Line regiments.[3]

1/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry[edit]

They were dismounted and eventually became The 14th (FFY) Battalion, of The Black Watch As part of the 74th (Yeomanry) Division they served in Egypt and Palestine in 1917 and 1918 before being moving to France in 1918.

2/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry[edit]

3/1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry[edit]

Between the wars[edit]

On 7 February 1920, the Regiment was reconstituted in the Territorial Army with HQ still at Kirkcaldy. Following the experience of the war, it was decided that only the fourteen most senior yeomanry regiments would be retained as horsed cavalry,[4] with the rest being transferred to other roles.[5] As a result, on 6 January 1921, the Regiment was one of eight[a] converted and reduced to 2nd (Fife and Forfar) Armoured Car Company, Tank Corps, later renumbered as 20th (Fife and Forfar) Armoured Car Company, Royal Tank Corps. On 30 April 1939 it was transferred to the Royal Armoured Corps.[7]

By 1939 it became clear that a new European war was likely to break out, and the doubling of the Territorial Army was authorised, with each unit forming a duplicate.[8] The Lothians were expanded to an armoured regiment in August 1939 as 1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry and formed a duplicate 2nd Fife and Forfar Yeomanry in the same month.[9]

World War II[edit]

Churchill Crocodile as used by the 1st FFY in World War II

1st Fife and Forfar Yeomanry[edit]

51st (Highland) Infantry Division

British Expeditionary Force

Dunkirk

9th Armoured Division

79th Armoured Division

2nd Fife and Forfar Yeomanry[edit]

11th Armoured Division

Operation Epsom

Operation Goodwood

Operation Bluecoat

Battle of the Bulge

1947-1956[edit]

When the Territorial Army was re-formed in May 1947, the FFY resumed their pre-war role as an Armoured Car Regiment.

On 1 November 1956 the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse was formed by the amalgamation of the FFY with The Scottish Horse both Regiments were in the Royal Armoured Corps and had neighbouring recruiting areas. The Fife and Forfar retained two squadrons and the brass band under the new structure, but a new combined cap badge was designed and the new regiment would wear the Atholl Bonnet of The Scottish Horse as their head dress.

Memorials[edit]

The Scottish National War Memorial, which was built after a proposal in 1917 by the Duke of Atholl in Edinburgh Castle contains a memorial and book of remembrance to all Scottish Regiments.

There is a carved stone plaque dedicated to 'To the memory of all ranks - The Fife Light Horse and The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry 1860–1918' inside the ruined church building at Tulliallan Old Churchyard (also known as Woodlea Old Cemetery) Kincardine on Forth. See The Scottish War Memorial Project external link below.

A Fife and Forfar Memorial Font together with a book of remembrance is housed at Cupar Old Parish Church. The font was dedicated on 6 May 1951.

Another memorial was gifted by The Regiment to the Parish Church of Forfar (Old) on Sunday 28 October 1951.

On 7 September 2001 the South-of the Border Group of the Regimental Association dedicated a plaque, tree and bench in Yeomanry Avenue at the National Memorial Arboretum, Alrewas near Lichfield, to those of the 1st and 2nd FFY who gave their lives 1939-1945.

Battle Honours of The FFY[edit]

Comet tanks of the 2nd Fife and Forfar Yeomanry crossing the Weser at Petershagen, 7 April 1945

The battle honours of the FFY[7] are displayed on the guidon which was laid up at Cupar Old Parish Church when the Regiment was amalgamated. After amalgamation the battle honours were carried on to the Guidon of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse and today are represented on the Guidon of the Queen's Own Yeomanry.

Boer War

South Africa 1900–01[b]

World War I

Somme 1918, Bapaume 1918, Hindenburg Line, Épéhy, Pursuit to Mons, France and Flanders 1918, Gallipoli 1915, Egypt 1915–17, Gaza, Jerusalem, Tell 'Asur, Palestine 1917–18

World War II

Dunkirk 1940, Cheux, Bourguébus Ridge, Le Perier Ridge, Scheldt, Ourthe, Rhineland, Rhine, North-West Europe 1940, '44–45

Guidons[edit]

FFY 1955 Guidon

The FFY's 1st Guidon which displayed the Regiments Boer War battle honours was presented on 17 July 1909 at the Carthaugh, Cupar by the 9th Earl of Elgin, Lord-Lieutenant of Fife.

On 2 October 1955 a new Guidon with World War I battle honours added was presented again at the Carthaugh, Cupar by Lieutenant-General Horatius Murray (standing in for Field-Marshal Sir John Harding who had just been assigned to the job of Governor of Cyprus). The 1909 guidon was laid up on 25 July 1956 in the Scottish National War Memorial, Edinburgh Castle.

The Regiments World War II battle honours were not awarded until after amalgamation with the Scottish Horse in 1956 and so they are displayed on the Guidon of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse presented in 1958. The FFY's 1955 Guidon was laid up on 2 November 1958 in Cupar Old Parish Church.

Decorations and Awards[edit]

Honorary Colonels and Commanding Officers[edit]

Accoutrements[edit]

FFY Cap Badge[edit]

The cap badge of the FFY is a mounted knight (The Thane of Fife). It was also worn on the collars of the officers and men of the Squadron and on the arms above the chevrons of all Senior Non- Commissioned Officers.

Warrant Officers[edit]

Unlike all other ranks the Squadron Sergeants Major, the RSM and the SQMS wore a brown leather cross belt with No 2 Dress, officers cap badges, brown shoes and brown gloves.

Head Dress[edit]

FFY Stable Belt

The F&FIY wore a brick coloured slouch hat with a short blue plume (Band members wore red plumes)

As a part of the RTC the black beret became regimental head dress in 1924 and was worn up until amalgamation with the Scottish Horse in 1956 when it was replaced by the Atholl Bonnet.

During World War II the 2nd FFY wore a square of Ancient Hunting McIntosh tartan as a badge backing on their berets. The tartan was worn in honour of Lieut Col A.H. McIntosh who had helped raise the 2nd Regiment in April 1939 and was their first commanding officer.

The side hat of the Officers is navy with a red top and silver piping.

Stable Belt Colours[edit]

The FFY wore a stable belt in the regimental colours of crimson and yellow with a dark blue stripe.

Regimental Music[edit]

Unusually for Regiment located in Scotland, The FFY regiment had its own brass band rather than a pipe band, which at various times was mounted until the Boer War.

The Quick March of the Regiment was "Wee Cooper of Fife".

The Slow March of the Regiment was "Bonnie Dundee"

Affiliated Regiments and Formations[edit]

Alliances[edit]

The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry Locomotive[edit]

A British Rail Class 55 'Deltic' diesel locomotive D9006 (later 55006), built between 1961 and 1962 by English Electric, was named after the Regiment. It was designed for the high-speed express passenger services on the East Coast Main Line between London King's Cross and Edinburgh. A replica of the Locomotive's name plate is on display in Yeomanry House, Cupar.

See also[edit]

Yeomanry order of precedence
List of Yeomanry Regiments 1908

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The eight yeomanry regiments converted to Armoured Car Companies of the Royal Tank Corps (RTC) were:[6]
  2. ^ Inherited from 1st Fifeshire Light Horse Volunteers and 1st Forfarshire Light Horse Volunteers.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ *Delaforce, Patrick (2006). Churchill's Secret Weapons: the story of Hobart's Funnies. Barnsley: Pen & Sword. ISBN 1-84415-464-5. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27317. p. 3561. 24 May 1901.
  3. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 35
  4. ^ Mileham 1994, p. 48
  5. ^ Mileham 1994, p. 50
  6. ^ The Royal Tank Regiment at regiments.org by T.F.Mills at the Wayback Machine (archived 3 May 2007)
  7. ^ a b c The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry at regiments.org by T.F.Mills at the Wayback Machine (archived 1 March 2007)
  8. ^ "History of the Army Reserve". MOD. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Bellis 1994, p. 18
  10. ^ -London Gazette July 1931
  11. ^ -London Gazette June 1940

Bibliography[edit]

General
  • Mileham, Patrick (1994). The Yeomanry Regiments; 200 Years of Tradition. Edinburgh: Canongate Academic. ISBN 1-898410-36-4. 
1780–1900
  • “A History of the Fife Light Horse” by Col Anstruther-Thomson FLH, 1892
  • “The Fife and Forfar Imperial Yeomanry and its Predecessors” by Capt Gerald Burgoyne 3DG, 1904
Boer War
  • “Clearly My Duty” by Capt John Gilmour
  • “The Fifes In Africa" by Cpl JP Sturrock (9176 IY)
  • “With the Scottish Yeomanry” by Thomas F Dewar MD BSc
Great War
Second World War
  • Bellis, Malcolm A. (1994). Regiments of the British Army 1939–1945 (Armour & Infantry). London: Military Press International. ISBN 0-85420-999-9. 
  • ”Fife & Forfar Yeomanry 1919-1956” by RJB Sellar

External links[edit]