Fifehead Neville

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Fifehead Neville
All Saints Church, Fifehead Neville - geograph.org.uk - 336392.jpg
All Saints Church
Fifehead Neville is located in Dorset
Fifehead Neville
Fifehead Neville
 Fifehead Neville shown within Dorset
Population 147 [1]
District North Dorset
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Dorset

Coordinates: 50°53′51″N 2°19′51″W / 50.8976°N 2.3307°W / 50.8976; -2.3307

Packhorse bridge over the River Divelish

Fifehead Neville is a village and civil parish in the county of Dorset in southern England, situated in the Blackmore Vale about 2 miles (3.2 km) southwest of the town of Sturminster Newton in the North Dorset administrative district. In the 2011 census the population of the parish was 147.[1]

Toponymy[edit]

The first part of the name Fifehead Neville derives from the Old English fīf and hīd, meaning '(estate of) five hides of land'. It was recorded as Fifhide in the Domesday Book of 1086. The second part derives from the de Neville family who were here in the 13th century; in 1287 the name Fyfhud Neuyle was recorded.[2] This differentiated this Fifehead from other Dorset manorial holdings called Fifehead (Fifehead St Quintin and Fifehead St Magdalen).

History[edit]

In a field bordering the River Divelish the remains of two wings of a Roman villa were found in 1880 and 1903. Floor mosaics and part of a hypocaust system were uncovered.[3] The archeological findings are on view in the Dorset County Museum in Dorchester.

The Domesday Book records that in 1086 the estate of Fifehead Neville had eight households and was part of Pimperne Hundred.[4] The tenant-in-chief of the estate was Waleran the Hunter whose tenant was Ingelrann.[4][5] The overlordship descended to Walter Walerand (d. 1200–1) and to his daughter and co-heiress Isabel de Waleran who married William de Nevill. The overlordship was inherited by Isabel de Nevill's daughter Joan de Nevill (d. 1263), wife of Jordan de St. Martin.[5]

Crossing the Divelish is an old packhorse bridge[3] that has two pointed arches and is probably medieval.[6]

Before 1920 the parish was in two parts, each with its own settlement—Fifehead Neville in the north and Lower Fifehead or Fifehead St Quentin in the south. It is probable each settlement had previously had its own open field system.[6] Fifehead St Quentin (or Fifehead St Quintin)[7] was previously a detached part of Belchalwell,[6] a former parish that is now part of the parish of Okeford Fitzpaine.

Geography[edit]

Fifehead Neville parish is in the North Dorset administrative district in the Blackmore Vale, sited next to the River Divelish which drains land north of the Dorset Downs around Bulbarrow Hill. The parish, which covers 1,350 acres (550 ha) at an altitude of 60 to 90 metres (200 to 300 ft), is also drained by a small tributary of the River Lydden in the west.[6] The underlying geology is mostly Corallian limestone, with a small amount of Kimmeridge clay in the east and some Oxford clay at Deadmoor Common in the west.[6][8] Measured directly, Fifehead Neville village is about 2 miles (3.2 km) SW of Sturminster Newton, 8 miles (13 km) NNW of Blandford Forum and 14 miles (23 km) NNE of the county town, Dorchester.[9]

Demography[edit]

In the 2011 census Fifehead Neville civil parish had 61 dwellings,[10] 56 households and a population of 147.[1]

The population of the parish in the censuses between 1921 and 2001 is shown in the table below:

Census Population of Fifehead Neville Parish 1921—2001 (except 1941)
Census 1921 1931 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 133 145 153 149 140 160 120 140
Source:Dorset County Council[11]

In 2013 the estimated population of the parish was 180.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Area: Fifehead Neville (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  2. ^ David Mills, ed. (2011). A Dictionary of British Place Names. Oxford University Press. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-19-960908-6. 
  3. ^ a b North Dorset District Council (c. 1982). North Dorset District Official Guide. Home Publishing Co. Ltd. p. 33. 
  4. ^ a b "Place: Fifehead [Neville]". Open Domesday. domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Victoria County History, A History of the County of Wiltshire, volumes 4, 11, 12, 15, A History of the County of Dorset, volume 3
  6. ^ a b c d e "'Fifehead Neville', An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Dorset, Volume 3: Central (1970), pp. 92-94". British History Online. University of London & History of Parliament Trust. November 2013. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  7. ^ Ordnance Survey (1985), 1:25,000 Pathfinder Series, Sheet ST 61/71 Sherborne and Sturminster Newton
  8. ^ Ralph Wightman (1983). Portrait of Dorset (4 ed.). Robert Hale Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 0-7090-0844-9. 
  9. ^ John Bartholomew & Son Ltd. (1980), 1:100,000 National Map Series, Sheet 4 (Dorset), ISBN 0-7028-0327-8
  10. ^ "Area: Fifehead Neville (Parish), Dwellings, Household Spaces and Accommodation Type, 2011 (KS401EW)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  11. ^ "Parishes (A-L), 1921-2001- Census Years". Dorset County Council. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Parish Population Data". Dorset County Council. 20 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Fifehead Neville at Wikimedia Commons