Fifth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet

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Fifth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet
Part of the Chinese Civil War
Date July 17, 1933 – November 26, 1934
Location Border region of HubeiHenanAnhui provinces, China
Result Nationalist victory; Red Army forced into retreat
Belligerents
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army
National Revolutionary Army
PLA
Chinese Red Army
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Chiang Kai-shek
Flag of the National Revolutionary Army Li Jishen
PLA Xu Xiangqian
PLA Zhang Guotao
Strength
50,000 7,000
Casualties and losses
10,000 4,000+

The Fifth Encirclement Campaign against the Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet was an encirclement campaign launched by the Chinese Nationalist Government that was intended to destroy the communist Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet and its Chinese Red Army in the local region. It was responded by the CommunistsFifth Counter-Encirclement Campaign at Hubei-Henan-Anhui Soviet (Chinese: 鄂豫皖苏区第五次苏区反围剿), also called by the communists as the Fifth Counter-Encirclement Campaign at HubeiHenanAnhui Revolutionary Base (Chinese: 鄂豫皖革命根据地第五次反围剿), in which the local Nationalist force defeated the local Chinese Red Army and overran their soviet republic in the border region of HubeiHenanAnhui provinces from July 17, 1933, to November 26, 1934. In mid November 1934, the local communists were forced to abandon their base and begun their Long March, and hence the communists usually choose their beginning of the Long March as the end of the campaign, but in reality, the campaign was longer, lasting for another half a month till the end of November 1934 when the local Chinese Red Army fought its way to escape.

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References[edit]

Military History Research Department, Complete History of the People's Liberation Army, Military Science Publishing House in Beijing, 2000, ISBN 7-80137-315-4