Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo (Portuguese pronunciation: [fiˈɣɐjɾɐ ðɨ kɐʃˈtɛlu ʁuˈðɾiɣu]) is a municipality in the District of Guarda in Portugal. The population in 2011 was 6,260, in an area of 508.57 km². Located in the Riba Coa (near the River Coa), just like other municipalities around Riba Coa, such as Almeida, Meda, Pinhel and Sabugal. Known for its castle which is a listed National monument, as well as pine-wood forests and rolling hills.
The municipality borders the frontier with Spain, formed by the Águeda River, a tributary of the Douro, which it joins at Barca D'Alva, approximately 18 km north of Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo town.
The present Mayor is Paulo Langrouva, elected by the Socialist Party. The municipal holiday is July 7.