Filadelfia de Guanacaste
Central Park of Filadelfia
|• Syndic||María Auxiliadora Acevedo Bonilla (PLN)|
|• Substitute syndic||Rafael Francisco Borge Campos|
|• Total||125.01 km2 (48.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||17 m (56 ft)|
|• Density||62.50/km2 (161.9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||n/a (UTC)|
Filadelfia is the first district and main city of Carrillo in Guanacaste, Costa Rica. This district has 7,814 inhabitants and 125.01 km². It was declared an archaeological city because of all the indigenous cemeteries found near the Tempisque River. The town was formerly known as Siete Cueros (seven leather trees). It was originally named for the abundance of the trees with this name.
After the first quarter of the 19th century, Sietecueros neighbors make a petition to the supreme government of Costa Rica, (Braulio Carrillo Colina was the then president), which was to segregate them from the town of Santa Cruz and add them to Guanacaste City, in civil and ecclesiastical aspects. To which took into account the proximity and close relationship with Guanacaste City. This request was approved by Decree 5 Articles 82 of the constitution of the state.
On October 18, 1915, the category of town was granted to Filadelfia. Later, on June 11, 1947, under the administration of Teodoro Picado Michalski, Law No. 864 awarded the town the title of city.
Filadelfia's name was given in 1877 in honor of Filadelfo Soto who was a soldier.
During the episcopate of Bishop Bernardo Augusto Thiel Hoffman, second bishop of Costa Rica in 1894, the parish was erected, dedicated to James, son of Zebedee, the church is currently a suffragan of the Diocese of Tilarán.
Filadelfia is located right in the center of Tempisque Valley, which is described as an orographic valley, surrounded by a range of hills with a height not exceeding 200 m.
Hydrography & Climate
The district is drained by the Tempisque River which provides easy access to the Gulf of Nicoya. The temperature is very hot and averages between 27 and 28 °C in the rainy season and during summer between 34 and 36 °C.
Filadelfia city is located near the banks of Rio Tempisque and Rio Las Palmas. Due to the ocean-atmosphere phenomenon known as El niño, these two rivers have caused serious floods in the months of October in 1995 (the first flood since the 1960s), 1999 and 2007.
One of the attractions offered by this district are the archaeological investigations which have found variety of pieces dating back thousands of years, which is why it is known as Archaeological City, however, the municipality officially seeks that title by executive decree, with the purpose of developing an entire project to publicize and promote this area of archaeological treasures that come from 800 BC to 1500 AD, belonging to periods polychrome Old, Middle and Late.
The different archaeological studies conducted in this region, refer to various types of roads and paths, used by ancient people. Among them stand out paved rocky roads and made by soil.
The other type of archaeological interest are the paths of land, whether it is lumpy or not. In the place known as La Ceiba, there was a road of this type. The path was about 40–50 cm wide, indicating that people walk in single file, i.e. one after the other. In this case it seems that caked sand was used in its construction, perhaps that is because the state of conservation.
In the district there are two companies that produce income millionaires with their products from sugar cane and melons.
El Viejo Mill
Azucarera El Viejo, S.A. is a Costa Rican company dedicated to growing sugar cane and sugar production. The company annually produces 50 thousand tons of sugar in the forms of raw, white, and special; by the industrial processing of half a million tonnes of cane grown by over 500 farmers in the Tempisque Basin. 
In related activities may be mentioned the cogeneration of electricity from biomass, production of feed supplement for ruminants and a farm that is receiving national and foreign tourists to enjoy various activities related to the area. It also has a private wildlife reserve of more than 2000 hectares. In this reserve, preserves and protects a large amount of flora and fauna of dry tropical forest in the region.
Melones de Costa Rica, S.A. started in 1988 in Filadelfia as a second project. Production is 100% for export to countries like the United States and Europe. One of the benefits that this crop is brought employment to many people.
Melon planting starts in November and ends in February, is collected from January to early May, the vegetative cycle for production is 60 days.
Melon varieties used are the cantaloupe, which produces approximately 1,200 boxes per hectare, which is considered a good production, other variety cultivated is honeydew that produces about 2,000 boxes per hectare average. The market price of the latter is lower. The export of melon requires strict control of product quality and optimum temperature and adequate transportation.
Sports & Cultural
The city held some activities during the first fortnight of July. This is called "Cultural and Sports Week." Activities include recreation for children and adults as well as masses:
- As well of the rest of the country, Filadelfia celebrates the Holy Week with all its processions, masses, prayers and formalities.
- In July are celebrated the patron saint activities to Santiago Mayor. Activities include: selling food, masses and other religious events.
- "Los Portales" (The Mangers) is an activity of the place held on each December 24, which begins at 5 pm and ends at 8 pm. This tradition is like a combination of Las Posadas (Mexico & Spain) and Trick-or-treating (United States). This celebration consists of going to the houses of the town where there is a manger. The goal is to visit the baby Jesus and give a small charity (Almsgiving is usually ₡5 to ₡20, equivalent to $0.03, and it is voluntary). When the alms is presented to the baby Jesus, the owner of the house gives another present to the one who gives the almsgiving, this may be a drink (usually chicha), appetizers, candy or small gifts. Children are the ones who enjoy more these activities, they are accompanied by their parents. There is no ceremony or ritual done during the visit, is only the act of visiting.
- (Spanish) http://www.sitiosdecostarica.com/cantones/Guanacaste/carrillo.htm
- (Spanish) http://www.guiapeninsular.com/historia.html
- (Spanish) http://www.museocostarica.go.cr/en_en/temas-de-inter-s/caminos-y-v-as-de-comunicaci-n-prehisp-nica.html?Itemid=63
- (Spanish) http://www.ingenioelviejo.co.cr/
- (Spanish) http://www.sitiosdecostarica.com/provincias/Guanacaste/generalidades.htm
- (Spanish) http://semanaculturalfiladelfia.com/
- (Spanish) http://www.sica.int/busqueda/busqueda_archivo.aspx?Archivo=libr_19144_1_10102007.pdf