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Mobbing the Tories - Project Gutenberg eText 16960

"The work of the official agencies for suppression of opposition was sometimes supplemented by mob violence. A few Tories were hanged without trial, and others were tarred and feathered. One was placed upon a cake of ice and held there "until his loyalty to King George might cool." Whole families were driven out of their homes to find their way as best they could within the British lines or into Canada, where the British government gave them lands. Such excesses were deplored by Washington, but they were defended on the ground that in effect a civil war, as well as a war for independence, was being waged.

"The Patriots and Tories.—Thus, by one process or another, those who were to be citizens of the new republic were separated from those who preferred to be subjects of King George. Just what proportion of the Americans favored independence and what share remained loyal to the British monarchy there is no way of knowing. The question of revolution was not submitted to popular vote, and on the point of numbers we have conflicting evidence. On the patriot side, there is the testimony of a careful and informed observer, John Adams, who asserted that two-thirds of the people were for the American cause and not more than one-third opposed the Revolution at all stages.

"On behalf of the loyalists, or Tories as they were popularly known, extravagant claims were made. Joseph Galloway, who had been a member of the first Continental Congress and had fled to England when he saw its temper, testified before a committee of Parliament in 1779 that not one-fifth of the American people supported the insurrection and that "many more than four-fifths of the people prefer a union with Great Britain upon constitutional principles to independence." At the same time General Robertson, who had lived in America twenty-four years, declared that "more than two-thirds of the people would prefer the king's government to the Congress' tyranny." In an address to the king in that year a committee of American loyalists asserted that "the number of Americans in his Majesty's army exceeded the number of troops enlisted by Congress to oppose them." "

The term Tory was used in the American Revolution to describe those who remained loyal to the British Crown and government, or Loyalists. Since early in the eighteenth century, Tory had described those upholding the right of the Kings over parliament. During the revolution, particularly after the Declaration of Independence in 1776 this use was extended to cover anyone who remained loyal to the British Crown and government. Those Loyalists who settled in Canada, Nova Scotia, or the Bahamas are known as United Empire Loyalists.
Date Published 1921. May or may not be reuse of an older illustration.
Source From The Project Gutenberg EBook of History of the United States by Charles A. Beard and Mary R. Beard
URL http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/16960
Author Artist not credited.
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current15:31, 4 May 2011Thumbnail for version as of 15:31, 4 May 2011290 × 390 (94 KB)BeaoTweak.
15:29, 4 May 2011Thumbnail for version as of 15:29, 4 May 2011293 × 383 (95 KB)Cropbotupload cropped version, operated by User:Beao. Summary: cropped
17:22, 4 February 2006Thumbnail for version as of 17:22, 4 February 2006306 × 400 (106 KB)TagishsimonMobbing the Tories - Project Gutenberg eText 16960 From The Project Gutenberg EBook of History of the United States by Charles A. Beard and Mary R. Beard http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/16960 The term Tory was used in the American Revolution to describe
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