|Developer(s)||FileMaker Inc. (formerly Claris)|
|Stable release||12.0 / April 4, 2012|
|Operating system||Mac OS X, Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, iOS|
|Type||Database management system|
FileMaker Pro is a cross-platform relational database application from FileMaker Inc., formerly Claris, a subsidiary of Apple Inc. It integrates a database engine with a GUI-based interface, allowing users to modify the database by dragging new elements into layouts, screens, or forms. Current versions are: FileMaker Pro 12, FileMaker Pro Advanced 12, FileMaker Server 12, FileMaker Server Advanced 12, and FileMaker Go 12 for iPhone and iPad.
FileMaker evolved from a DOS application, but was then developed primarily for the Apple Macintosh. Since 1992 it has been available for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS, and can be used in a cross-platform environment. FileMaker server briefly ran on Linux, but Linux support was abandoned with FileMaker 7, and the server currently runs only on Windows or OS X servers. It is available in desktop, server, iOS and web-delivery configurations.
FileMaker began as a MS-DOS-based computer program named Nutshell - developed by Nashoba Systems of Concord, Massachusetts, in the early 1980s. Nutshell was distributed by Leading Edge, an electronics marketer that had recently started selling IBM PC-compatible computers.
With the introduction of the Macintosh, Nashoba combined the basic data engine with a new forms-based graphical user interface (GUI). Leading Edge was not interested in newer versions, preferring to remain a DOS-only vendor, and kept the Nutshell name. Nashoba found another distributor, Forethought Inc., and introduced the program on the Macintosh platform as FileMaker. When Apple introduced the Macintosh Plus in 1986 the next version of FileMaker was named FileMaker Plus to reflect the new model's name.
Forethought was purchased by Microsoft, which was then introducing their PowerPoint product that became part of Microsoft Office. Microsoft had introduced its own database application, Microsoft File, shortly before FileMaker, but it was outsold by FileMaker and Microsoft discontinued it. Microsoft negotiated with Nashoba for the right to publish FileMaker, but Nashoba decided to self-publish the next version, FileMaker 4.
Shortly thereafter, Apple Computer formed Claris, a wholly owned subsidiary, to market software. Claris purchased Nashoba to round out its software suite. By then, Leading Edge and Nutshell had faded from the marketplace because of competition from other DOS- and later Windows-platform database products. FileMaker, however, continued to succeed on the Macintosh platform.
Claris changed the product's name to FileMaker II to conform to its naming scheme for other products, such as MacWrite II, but the product changed little from the last Nashoba version. Several minor versions followed, and things finally settled down with the release of FileMaker Pro 1.0 in 1990.
In September 1992, Claris released a multi-platform version for both the Mac and Windows; except for few platform-specific functions, the program's features and user interface were the same. Version 3.0, released around 1995, introduced new relational and scripting features.
By 1995 FileMaker was the only strong-selling product in Claris's lineup. In 1998, Apple moved development of some of the other Claris products in-house, dropped most of the rest, and changed Claris's name to FileMaker, Inc., to concentrate on that product.
Version 4.0, introduced in 1997, added a plug-in architecture much like that of Adobe Photoshop, which enabled third-party developers to add features to FileMaker. A bundled plug-in, the Web Companion, allowed the database to act as a web server. Other "plugs" added features to the interface and enabled FileMaker to serve as an FTP client, perform external file operations, and send messages to remote FileMaker files over the Internet or an intranet.
Version 7, released in 2004, introduced a new file format (file extension .fp7) supporting file sizes up to 8 terabytes (increased from 2 gigabytes in previous versions). Individual fields could hold up to 4 gigabytes of binary data (container fields) or 2 gigabytes of 2-byte Unicode text per record (up from 64 kilobytes in previous versions). FileMaker’s relational model was enriched, offering multiple tables per file and a graphical relationship editor that displayed and allowed manipulation of related tables in a manner that resembled the entity-relationship diagram format. Accompanying these foundational changes, FileMaker Inc. also introduced a developer certification program.
In 2005 FileMaker, Inc. announced the FileMaker 8 product family, which offered the developer an expanded feature set. These included a tabbed interface, script variables, tooltips, enhanced debugging, custom menus, and the ability to copy and paste entire tables and field definitions, scripts, and script steps within and between files.
Version 8.5, released in 2006, added an integrated web viewer (the ability to view such things as shipment tracking information from FedEx and Wikipedia entries) and named layout objects.
FileMaker 9 was released on July 10, 2007. This version introduced a quick-start screen, conditional formatting, fluid layout auto-resizing, hyperlinked pointers into databases, and external SQL links.
FileMaker 10 was released on January 5, 2009, before the Macworld Conference & Expo. This version offers scripts to be triggered by user actions and a redesigned user interface that is similar to that of many applications on Mac OS X Leopard.
FileMaker 11 was released on March 9, 2010. This version offers charting.
FileMaker 12 was released on April 4, 2012. This version offers themes, all-new starter solutions, streamlined charting and makes it easier to make iOS databases.
FileMaker Go 11 for iPhone and iPad was released on July 20, 2010. These versions allow only record creation, modification, and deletion. Design and schema changes need to be made using FileMaker Pro.
FileMaker Go 12 for iPhone and iPad was released on April 4, 2012. These versions allow only record creation, modification, and deletion. Design and schema changes need to be made using FileMaker Pro. This version offers support for multitasking, improved media integration, export of data to multiple formats and enhanced container-fields.
|Apr 1985||FileMaker v1.0||Published by Forethought Inc.|
|Jun 1988||FileMaker 4||Published by Nashoba Systems|
|Aug 1988||FileMaker II||First version to be published by Claris Corporation|
|Oct 1990||FileMaker Pro|
|Oct 1992||FileMaker Pro 2||Windows version added|
|Aug 1993||FileMaker Pro 2.1|
|Jul 1994||FileMaker Pro Server 2|
|Dec 1995||FileMaker Pro 3||Relational architecture, TCP/IP networking introduced|
|Jan 1996||FileMaker Pro Server 3|
|Sep 1997||FileMaker Pro 4||Plug-in architecture introduced|
|May 1998||FileMaker Pro 4 Developer Edition||Last version to be published by Claris. Aimed at expert/professional FileMaker user.|
|Jun 1999||FileMaker Pro 4.1v2||First version to be published by FileMaker, Inc.|
|Sep 1999||FileMaker Pro 5|
|Nov 1999||FileMaker Server 5|
|Apr 2001||FileMaker Pro 5.5||Native support for Mac OS X|
|Sep 2002||FileMaker Pro 6*||Version 6 is the last to support Mac OS 9 and 8|
|Mar 2004||FileMaker Pro 7||Multiple tables/file architecture introduced;
relationships graph ;
calc variables. Mac version requires OS X.
|Aug 2005||FileMaker Pro 8*||Scriptable creation of PDF reports ; script variables; tabs on layouts|
|Jan 2006||FileMaker Mobile 8||FileMaker Mobile line was discontinued|
|Jul 2006||FileMaker Pro 8.5*||Mac OS X Universal Binary support, embedded browser (Web Viewer), object names|
|Jul 2007||FileMaker Pro/Server 9*||Native support for the SQL databases MS SQL Server, MySQL and Oracle.|
|Jan 2009||FileMaker Pro/Server 10*||Status area now horizontal;
|Mar 2010||FileMaker Pro/Server 11*||Charts, snapshot link, filtered portals, and recurring imports|
|Jul 2010||FileMaker Go 1.0||FileMaker for iOS (iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch)|
|Sep 2010||FileMaker Go 1.1||PDF creation, photo support, import from FileMaker Pro|
|Apr 2011||FileMaker Go 1.2||Printing, signature capture, charts, enhanced PDF creation|
|Sep 2011||FileMaker Pro/Advanced 11.0v4*||Lion compatibility (full Lion compatibility by October 2011)|
|Apr 2012||FileMaker Pro/Advanced 12||Integrated themes (Pro/iOS);
floating and modal windows;
enhanced container field;
|Apr 2012||FileMaker Server 12||64 bit, faster WAN, progressive backups, rewritten web publishing engine|
- (*) indicates both FileMaker Pro / FileMaker Pro Advanced (Developer Edition in v4-6) or FileMaker Server / FileMaker Server Advanced
FileMaker files are compatible between Mac and Windows. File type extensions are
- .fm since FileMaker Pro 2.0
- .fp3 since FileMaker Pro 3.0
- .fp5 since FileMaker Pro 5.0
- .fp7 since FileMaker Pro 7.0, (including FileMaker Go 1.0)
- .fmp12 since FileMaker Pro 12
Self-running applications (runtime, kiosk mode) are platform specific only.
Internationalization and localization
FileMaker is available in worldwide English, Chinese (both simplified and traditional), Czech, Dutch, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish, Swedish, and Turkish.
There are specific versions of FileMaker for Central European, Middle Eastern and Indian users.
The Central European version FileMaker 12 includes an English, Russian, Polish, Czech and Turkish interface; the Middle Eastern version is available in English and French and the "Indian" version in English. The custom versions offer spell checking, data entry, sorting and printing options for languages of the respective region. They also contain localized templates and a localized Instant Web Publishing. There are customized templates for Polish, Czech, Turkish. In addition Russian, Greek, Estonian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Serbian, Bulgarian and Hungarian are supported to varying degrees.
The Middle Eastern version supports Arabic and Hebrew, including an option to change the text to right-to-left instead of the western left-to-right. For South East Asia there is version that supports text entry in many Indian languages, as well as sorting and indexing in Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Panjabi, Gujarati, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam.
FileMaker Pro and FileMaker Pro Advanced include scripting capabilities and a variety of built-in functions for automation of common tasks and complex calculations. Numerous steps are available for navigation, conditional execution of script steps, editing records, and other utilities.
SQL and ODBC Support
FileMaker, since version 9, includes the ability to connect to a number of SQL databases without resorting to using SQL, including MySQL, SQL Server, and Oracle. This requires installation of the SQL database ODBC driver to connect to a SQL database. SQL databases can be used as data sources in FileMaker’s relationship graph, thus allowing the developer to create new layouts based on the SQL database; create, edit, and delete SQL records via FileMaker layouts and functions; and reference SQL fields in FileMaker calculations and script steps. It is a cross platform relational database application.
Versions from FileMaker Pro 5.5 onwards also have an ODBC interface.
FileMaker 12 introduced a new function, ExecuteSQL, which allows a query against SQL databases (but not edits or deletes, or schema changes).
- Bento, a simplified personal database application from FileMaker Inc.
- FileMaker Dynamic Markup Language or FDML (also called CDML) for displaying FileMaker data on the Web
- Glenn Koenig (April 2, 2004). "FileMaker Early History". Retrieved October 5, 2007.
- "Nashoba Systems and the Early Days of FileMaker Pro". Briandunning.com. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- "Mike Weber, The Low End Mac, FileMaker History". Lowendmac.com. September 15, 2008. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- "Custhelp.com". Filemaker.custhelp.com. November 19, 2010. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- Cohen, Dennis R. (2006). FileMaker Pro 8.5 Bible. John Wiley & Sons. p. 354. ISBN 9780470109618.