Filettino

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Filettino
Comune
Comune di Filettino
Filettino view.JPG
Filettino is located in Italy
Filettino
Filettino
Location of Filettino in Italy
Coordinates: 41°53′N 13°20′E / 41.883°N 13.333°E / 41.883; 13.333Coordinates: 41°53′N 13°20′E / 41.883°N 13.333°E / 41.883; 13.333
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Province of Frosinone (FR)
Government
 • Mayor Luca Sellari
Area
 • Total 77.66 km2 (29.98 sq mi)
Elevation 1,063 m (3,488 ft)
Population (Sep. 2011)[1]
 • Total 554
 • Density 7.1/km2 (18/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 03010
Dialing code 0775
Patron saint San Bernardino da Siena
Saint day 20 May
Website Official website
Principality of Filettino
Principato di Filettino
Internationally unrecognised state
Coat of arms of Principality of Filettino
Coat of arms
Motto: Nec flector, nec frangor
Coordinates: 41°53′N 13°20′E / 41.883°N 13.333°E / 41.883; 13.333
Government
 • Type Principality
 • Prince regent Carlo Taormina
 • Prime Minister Pasquale Squitieri
Area
 • Total 77.66 km2 (29.98 sq mi)
Elevation 1,063 m (3,488 ft)
Population (Sep. 2011)[1]
 • Total 554
 • Density 7.13/km2 (18.5/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Currency Fiorito
Website Official website

Filettino is a village located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) east of Rome and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Frosinone. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 542 and an area of 77.5 square kilometres (29.9 sq mi).[2]

Filettino borders the following municipalities: Canistro, Capistrello, Cappadocia, Castellafiume, Civitella Roveto, Guarcino, Morino, Trevi nel Lazio, Vallepietra.

History[edit]

Originally a place of the Aequi, and remaining a tiny hamlet until the time of Christ, it became a safe haven for those fleeing from Saracen invasions in 800 A.D, due to its mountainous location. In 1297 it fell under the control of Pietro Caetani, nephew of Pope Boniface VIII, whose family became notorious as cruel and oppressive, crushing various uprisings until the last of the Filettino Caetanis was executed in 1602 at Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome. In the same year it was entered by Pope Clement VII into the Apostolic Chamber and was thus subsequently absorbed into the Papal States until the States themselves were annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1870.[3]

Campaign for independence[edit]

In August 2011, following an Italian government announcement that all villages with under 1,000 residents would have to merge with nearby villages in order to cut administrative costs, forcing Filettino to merge with the neighbouring town of Trevi nel Lazio, the village's mayor Luca Sellari started a campaign for Filettino to become an "independent state". The village began to print its own currency, the fiorito, which translates as "flowered", referring to how Filettino will "flower under its new guise", according to the mayor, and alluding to the currency first minted in 13th-century Florence, the florin.

The citizens intended to invite prince Emanuele Filiberto, from the deposed Italian royal family, to become the Prince of Filettino.[1] Lawyer Carlo Taormina was ultimately appointed to the position.[4]

The protest movement created its own coat of arms (motto: "Nec flector, nec frangor" — we won't bow or break).[5]

A first meeting with entrepreneurs concerning the establishment of a "National Bank of the Principality of Filettino" was held 5 September 2011.[6] On 12 May 2012, the first meeting of a council of 12 ministers led by director Pasquale Squitieri was held to ratify the proposed principality's constitution.[4] It is unclear at this time if Filettino is still actively seeking independence or not.

Demographic evolution[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Italian village trying to become a principality to protest at cuts". The Daily Telegraph. 26 August 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2011. 
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  3. ^ Bridges, Peter. "Notes From Italy: Villains, Romance, and Views". California Literary Review. Retrieved 3 September 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Filettino: ora la secessione è in salsa ciociara - VIDEO" (in Italian). Panorama.it. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2012. 
  5. ^ (Italian) Principato di Filettino
  6. ^ (Italian) "Principato Filettino, oggi primo incontro per Banca Popolare". ANSA. 5 September 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 

External links[edit]