Construction of the camp began in 1939. From 1939 to 1945 the camp was used as a military training base, as RAF Hunmanby Moor.
The camp was served by its own railway branch and station (Filey Holiday Camp railway station) from 1947 to 1977. The camp closed in 1983.
Filey Holiday Camp was being built for Billy Butlin in 1939. The outbreak of the Second World War led to an arrangement with the War Ministry where the ministry financed the camp's completion, using it as housing for military personnel as RAF Hunmanby Moor.
Butlin reclaimed the base in 1945. A branch off the Hull Scarborough railway line was built in 1945, and formally opened in 1947. The line had its own terminal station Filey Holiday Camp railway station.
At its peak the camp accommodated 11,000 visitors, with 175,000 visitors in total in the 1975 season. The railway branch became less used by visitors from the 1960s due to the rise of car ownership, and closure was proposed in 1972, after which Bultins funded the cost of the line. The line closed in 1977.
The camp's buildings were demolished between 1988 and 2003.
- Addyman, John F.; Fawcett, Bil, eds. (2013), A History of the Hull and Scarborough Railway, North Eastern Railway Association, ISBN 978-1-905505-30-2
- Scott, Peter (2001), "A History of the Butlin's Railways", Minor Railway Histories (2), ISBN 1902368096
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