Filiates

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Filiates
Φιλιάτες
Location
Filiates is located in Greece
Filiates
Filiates
Coordinates 39°36′N 20°19′E / 39.600°N 20.317°E / 39.600; 20.317Coordinates: 39°36′N 20°19′E / 39.600°N 20.317°E / 39.600; 20.317
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Epirus
Regional unit: Thesprotia
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 7,710
 - Area: 590.6 km2 (228 sq mi)
 - Density: 13 /km2 (34 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 5,970
 - Area: 495.7 km2 (191 sq mi)
 - Density: 12 /km2 (31 /sq mi)
Community
 - Population: 2,639
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Auto: ΗΝ

Filiates (Greek: Φιλιάτες; Albanian: Filat or Filati)[2] is a town and a municipality in Thesprotia, Greece. It is located in the northernmost part of the regional unit, bordering western Ioannina regional unit and southern Albania.

Municipality[edit]

The present municipality Filiates was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units (constituent communities in brackets):[3]

  • Filiates (Achladea, Aetos, Agios Nikolaos, Agioi Pantes, Ampelonas, Anavryto, Charavgi, Faneromeni, Filiates, Foiniki, Gardiki, Giromeri, Gola, Kallithea, Kato Xechoro, Kefalochori, Keramitsa, Kerasochori, Kokkinia, Kokkinolithari, Kouremadi, Kryoneri, Kyparisso, Leptokarya, Lia, Lista, Malouni, Milea, Palaiochori, Palaiokklisi, Palampas, Pigadoulia, Plaisio, Platanos, Raveni, Rizo, Sideri, Trikoryfo, Tsamantas, Vavouri, Vrysella, Xechoro)
  • Sagiada (Asprokklisi, Kestrini, Ragi, Sagiada, Smertos)

Province[edit]

The province of Filiates (Greek: Επαρχία Φιλιατών) was one of the provinces of Thesprotia. It had the same territory as the present municipality.[4] It was abolished in 2006.

Geography[edit]

Filiates is located in a largely mountainous area. The Mourgana mountains lie to the north, on the border with Albania. Filiates is located southwest of Konitsa, west of Ioannina, northeast of Igoumenitsa and southeast of Sarandë, Albania. The Greek National Road 6 (Larissa - Ioannina - Igoumenitsa) and the Egnatia Odos motorway (Alexandroupoli - Thessaloniki - Ioannina - Igoumenitsa) pass south of the municipal unit.

The municipal unit Filiates has a land area of 495.727 km² and a population of 8,288 (2001 census). The population of the town Filiates, one of the biggest towns in the area, was 2,246 and the community population was 2,344. The largest other communities in the municipal unit are Keramítsa (pop. 309), Palaiochóri (291), Vrysélla (277), Leptokaryá (276), Trikóryfon (245), Ampeló (222), Kerasochóri (211), and Kokkiniá (205). The municipal unit has a total of 42 communities.

Because of its high altitude (~850m) location on a west-facing slope, Filiates has one of the wettest climates in Greece.

History[edit]

Ancient history[edit]

Epirus in antiquity

In antiquity, the area of Filiates was inhabited by the Epirot Greek tribe of the Chaonians. In antiquity the city was known as Cestrine (or Kestrine), separated from Thesprotia by the River Thyamis.[5] In the past, the city was also known as Cammania, Cestria, Filiates, Ilion, Epirus, Troy, Epirus and Troia, Epirus.[5] According to Pausanias (Description of Greece), Cestrine took its name from Cestrinus, the son of Helenus, having previously borne the appellation of Cammania.

Modern history[edit]

Albanian school of Filiates in 1942-44.[verification needed]

In 15th century Filiates came under Ottoman rule and became part of Sanjak of Ioannina.[6][7] During 17th and 18th century Ottoman rule a significant part of the town's population converted to Islam. According to Eton (1799, p.389) the people of Paramythia "spoke Greek, and knew no other language", and do not remember how they converted to Islam. In 1911 during the period of the dissolution of the Ottoman empire, Albanians of Filiates formed çetes, armed guerilla groups fighting for autonomy from the Ottoman empire.[8] On the other hand, the local Greek population displayed tolerance towards actions by the Albanians that didn't reveal chauvinist inclinations.[9]

During the Greek-Italian War the town was burned by collaborationist Cham Albanian bands (October 28-November 14, 1940).[10] It was home to a Cham Albanian community, before 1944, when they fled because a large part of them collaborated with Nazi forces.[11] In June 1945 a great part of Filiates was burned by Greek bands during the expulsion of Cham Albanians.[12] Almost all Cham Albanian monuments of Filiates were destroyed during WWII.[13]

Population[edit]

Year Village Community Municipal unit Municipality
1981 2,439 - - -
1991 2,591 - - -
2001 2,246 2,344 8,288 -
2011 2,512 2,639 5,970 7,710

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
  2. ^ "The market towns of Filiates and Paramythia were albanian in speech", NGL Hammond, "Epirus: The Geography, the Ancient Remains, the History and Topography of Epirus and Adjacent Areas", page 27
  3. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  4. ^ Detailed census results 1991 PDF (39 MB) (Greek) (French)
  5. ^ a b Bell, Robert (1989). Place names in classical mythology. ABC-CLIO. p. 78. ISBN 9780874365078. Retrieved November 2010. 
  6. ^ H. Karpat, Kemal (1985). Ottoman population, 1830-1914: demographic and social characteristics. p. 146. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 
  7. ^ Motika, Raoul (1995). Türkische Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte (1071-1920). p. 297. Retrieved 22 September 2011. "Sancaks Yanya (Kazas: Yanya, Aydonat (Paramythia), Filat (Philiates), Meçova (Metsovo), Leskovik (war kurzzeitig Sancak) und Koniçe (Konitsa)" 
  8. ^ Gawrych, George (2006). The crescent and the eagle: Ottoman rule, Islam and the Albanians, 1874-1913. I.B.Tauris. p. 188. ISBN 1-84511-287-3. 
  9. ^ M. V. Sakellariou.Epirus, 4000 years of Greek history and civilization. Ekdotike Athenon, 1997. ISBN 960-213-371-6. p 361: "The Greek population displayed toleration whenever the action taken did not reveal chauvinist inclinations, as in the case of establishment of Albanian "clubs" (in Konitsa, Philiates...".
  10. ^ Georgia Kretsi. Verfolgungund Gedächtnis in Albanien: eine Analyse postsozialistischer Erinnerungsstrategien. Harrassowitz, 2007. ISBN 978-3-447-05544-4, p.283.
  11. ^ Kretsi, Georgia (2002). "The Secret Past of the Greek-Albanian Borderlands. Cham Muslim Albanians: Perspectives on a Conflict over Historical Accountability and Current Rights". Ethnologia Balkanica (06/2002): 171–195. 
  12. ^ The Cham Issue –Albanian National and Property Rights Claims in Greece, by Miranda Vickers, Conflict Studies Research Centre, April 2002 page 21
  13. ^ Kiel, Machiel (1990). Ottoman architecture in Albania, 1385-1912. Research Centre for Islamic History, Art and Culture. p. 3. ISBN 978-92-9063-330-3. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  14. ^ Μουσείο Ελληνικής Ιστορίας Παύλου Βρέλλη. vrellis.gr

A Survey of the Turkish Empire p. 389, 1799 http://books.google.com/books?id=fjMOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA389&dq=eton+speak+greek+effeminate&hl=en&sa=X&ei=eNZRU9zSBIybyAS9xIKgBA&ved=0CE8Q6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=eton%20speak%20greek%20effeminate&f=false

External links[edit]