Filippo Buonaccorsi, called "Callimachus" (Latin: Philippus Callimachus Experiens, Bonacursius; Polish: Filip Kallimach; 2 May 1437 – 1 November 1496) was an Italian humanist and writer.
Filippo Buonaccorsi was born in San Gimignano, in Tuscany, in north-central Italy. He first appeared in Venice and Rome, where he was secretary to Bishop Bartolomeo Roverelli. He moved to Rome in 1462 and became a member of the Rome Academy of Julius Pomponius Laetus. In 1468 he took part in a supposed assassination attempt upon Pope Paul II and fled to Poland. The homosexual verses (including one addressed to the then Bishop of Segni, Lucio Fazini), which were found in his papers earned him a reputation for sodomy. In Poland he found work with the Bishop of Lwów, Gregory of Sanok.
Buonaccorsi later became tutor to the sons of Polish King Casimir IV Jagiellon and took part in diplomatic missions. In 1474 he was named royal secretary, in 1476 he served as ambassador to Constantinople, and in 1486 he became the King's representative in Venice. With the accession to the Polish throne of Buonaccorsi's former pupil as John I of Poland, his influence peaked.
In his writings Buonaccorsi argued for the strengthening of the king's power at the expense of the aristocracy. In Kraków he joined Conrad Celtis' Sodalitas Vistuliana.
Callimachus wrote poems and prose in Latin, and is best remembered for his biographies of Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki, Bishop Gregory of Sanok, and King Władysław III of Poland.
His tomb in Kraków's Dominican Church was created by Veit Stoss.
See also