Filipinas Orient Airways, Inc. was founded by originally Lebanese refugee family Karam (later Caram) in the Philippines in 1964, under Republic Act No. 4147. FOA was granted the franchise to provide air transport service in the Philippines and between the Philippines and other countries on June 20, 1964, despite legal opposition by Philippine Airlines. 
A Filipinas Orient Airways Sud Aviation Caravelle VI-R at Manila International Airport in 1974.
FOA - also known as "Fairways" - started their domestic flight operations in the Philippines on January 5, 1965 using DC-3 aircraft . Their early days appear to have been crash-ridden with the loss of four DC-3 and one DC-6 within the first 4 years of operation. They went on to operate Sud Aviation Caravelles and Nord 262, later to be replaced by NAMC YS-11. Their flight operations were ended after the declaration of Martial Law by then Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos on 21 September 1972.Philippine Airlines eventually took over the planes and routes of FOA.