Filipino Australian

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Filipino Australian
Pilipino Australyano
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Total population
Filipino
171,233 (by birth, 2011 Census)[1]
224,725 (by ancestry, 2011 Census)[1] [2]
Regions with significant populations
Most are found in Sydney, New South Wales and Melbourne, Victoria[3]
Languages
Australian English, Tagalog, Cebuano.
Religion
Roman Catholicism · Protestantism · Non-religious
Related ethnic groups
Filipino people and Overseas Filipinos

Filipino Australians (Filipino: Pilipino-Australyano) are Australians of Filipino ancestry. Filipino-Australians are the fifth-largest subgroup of the Overseas Filipinos. According to the 2006 census, there are over 160,374 Filipino Australians.[4] In Sydney, people born in the Philippines comprise 5.9% of the population in the City of Blacktown and it is the largest directly born ethnic group in Blacktown.[5]

Population[edit]

People born in the Philippines as a percentage of the population in Sydney divided geographically by postal area, as of the 2011 census

Currently Filipinos are the third largest Asian Australian immigrant group behind Vietnamese Australians and Chinese Australians,[6] Females accounted for 65.5% of the Philippine community while males represented 34.5% of the Filipino Australian population.[7] According to census data, 50.2 per cent of the Philippines-born were resident in New South Wales, followed by 21.6% in Victoria, 14.9% in Queensland and 5.2% in Western Australia.

History[edit]

Filipinos were excluded from entering Australia under the White Australia policy. As a consequence, their numbers in Australia remained minimal; confined to descendants of those few Filipinos who had migrated to the north west pearling areas of Western Australia and the sugar cane plantations of Queensland prior to 1901; until the abolition of racially selective immigration policies in 1966.[7] The 1901 census had recorded 700 Filipinos in Australia.[7]

The number of permanent settlers arriving in Australia from the Philippines since 1991 (monthly)

Martial law in the Philippines, declared by former Philippine president Ferdinand Marcos in 1972, and the renunciation of the White Australia policy made Australia an attractive destination for Filipino emigrants, particularly skilled workers. Many Filipinos also settled in Australia from the 1970s onward as either migrant workers or the spouses of Australian citizens. Marriages between Filipinos and Australians rose very sharply from 1978, peaked in 1986, and remained high as of 2000, despite a dip in the early 1990s.[8] The 1980s were the period of the greatest Filipino immigration, with 1987-1988 being the peak year.[7]

Notable people[edit]

Filipino and European descent[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "Filipino Australians". Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "2071.0 – Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "History of immigration from the Philippines". Origins Immigrant communities in V ictoria. 
  4. ^ "2006 Census Tables by Topic". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 
  5. ^ "Statistics: Demographic Overview of the Blacktown LGA". City of Blacktown. 2006. Retrieved 2009-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Migration: permanent additions to Australia's population". 4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2007. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  7. ^ a b c d "The Philippines-born Community - Historical background". Department of Immigration and Citizenship. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  8. ^ "Family Formation: Cultural diversity in marriages". 4102.0 - Australian Social Trends, 2000. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 

External links[edit]