Filipino Canadian

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Filipino Canadian
Alex Pagulayan (1).JPG
Lexa Doig klinck.jpg
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Total population
662,600[1] - 800,000[2]
1.9% of the Canadian population (2011)
Regions with significant populations
 Canada
 Ontario 275,380 (2.3%)
 British Columbia 126,040 (3.1%)
 Alberta 106,035 (3.2%)
 Manitoba 59,220 (5.0%)
 Quebec 31,495 (0.4%)
Languages
Canadian English, Canadian French, Tagalog, Visayan languages, Spanish and/or other Philippine languages
Religion
Roman Catholicism
Related ethnic groups
Filipino people, Overseas Filipinos, Asian Canadian

A Filipino Canadian (Tagalog: Pilipino Kanadyano) is a Canadian citizen of Filipino descent or a person born in the Philippines who resides in Canada. Filipino Canadians are the third largest subgroup of the overseas Filipinos and one of the fastest growing groups in Canada.

Canada only had a small population of Filipinos until the late 20th century. To date, there are currently around 660,000 Filipino Canadians in Canada, most of them living in urbanized areas. This number is growing yearly due to Canada's more liberal immigration laws to compensate for their low population growth. Filipino-Canadians are the third-largest Asian Canadian group in the nation after the Indian and Chinese communities. They are also the largest Southeast Asian group in the country. Between 2001 and 2006 the Filipino community in Canada grew from 308,575 to 410,695 or a growth of about 33%, compared to the rest of Canada which only grew by about 5%. On average, Canada received about 20,500 Filipino immigrants every year between 2001 to 2006.

According to the 2011 National Household Survey, there are 662,600 people of Filipino descent living in Canada.[3]

History[edit]

The first Filipinos migrated to Canada in 1930. In 1950, 10 Filipinos were recorded in Manitoba. These first generation Filipino-Canadians were mainly women who worked as nurses, teachers and in the health sector. These first Filipinos came from the United States to renew their visas after they had expired in hopes of returning to the United States. Most of these women returned to the United States but some decided to stay in Canada. From 1946 to 1964, the total of Filipinos in Canada was 770. During the 1960s, Canada recruited more professionals, mostly from the United States with some coming directly from the Philippines. Most of these nurses, technicians, office workers and doctors arrived in Winnipeg, Manitoba. In the late 1960s, more Filipinos came to Winnipeg to work in the garment industry. During the 1970s, most Filipinos came directly from the Philippines to Winnipeg to work in clerical, sales and manufacturing fields. In the late 1970s, more Filipinos came to join their relatives who worked in Canada under the family reunification program. More and more Filipinos decided to settle in Ontario, particularly in Toronto, where jobs were prospering. During the 1980s, Canada saw an influx of Filipino contract workers, many who found work as live-in caregivers. Many of these contact workers, later became landed immigrants under the Live-In Caregiver Program. During the 1990s, more Filipinos came as families and independents instead of being sponsored by family or being recruited as contract workers. From 1990 onward, there has been a steady flow of Filipinos entering Canada, with about 10 to 20 thousand coming in every year. In December 2008, the Philippines passed China as Canada's leading source of immigrants.[4]

Settlement[edit]

Greater Toronto Area[edit]

The Greater Toronto Area ("GTA") is home to the largest Filipino community in Canada with about 1 out of 2 Filipinos in Canada calling the GTA home. The Filipino community in the GTA grew from 133,680 in 2001 to 181,330 in 2006 representing a growth of 35% in 5 years. On average, the GTA receives 9,500 Filipinos immigrants every year. Filipinos living in the GTA number around 200,000 making them the fourth largest visible minority behind the Chinese, Indian and Black communities. Tagalog is the seventh most spoken language in the city of Toronto. There are smaller Filipino populations in other municipalities such as Mississauga, Brampton, Markham, Vaughan, Pickering, Ajax, Richmond Hill and Oakville.

There are many religious, town and sport associations in the Greater Toronto Area. The Filipino Centre Toronto ("FCT") provides health, educational, social and commercial services to the community. It also assists newcomers to the City of Toronto by providing immigration and settlement services. Another organization established for the community is the Philippine Independence Day Council ("PIDC") whose members represent various other associations in Ontario. PIDC organizes numerous events for the Filipino community including the annual Mabuhay Philippines Festival.

Population Distribution[edit]

Most Filipinos in the GTA are concentrated in the municipalities immediately outside of Toronto or in Toronto itself. Scarborough, North York and East York in Toronto continue to be popular settling places for Filipinos, while the municipalities of Mississauga, Brampton, Markham, Vaughan, Pickering, Ajax, Richmond Hill and Oakville are becoming increasingly popular destinations.

City of Toronto

    • Scarborough – 39,445
    • North York – 29,405
    • Toronto/East York – 18,115
    • Etobicoke/York – 20,000
  • Total – 102,535

Durham Region

  • Total – 7,650

Halton Region

  • Total – 4,465

Peel Region

  • Total – 42,900

York Region

  • Total – 17,140

Media[edit]

Several newspaper outlets, radio programs, and television programs in Toronto operate to serve the Filipino community, and to broadcast news and information from around the GTA and from the Philippines. These media outlets are all members of the Philippine Press Club of Ontario.

Newspapers:

Radio Programs:

  • Radyo Filipino Toronto
    • Monday to Friday 10-11pm on CHHA 1610 AM
  • Juan Radio 96.1 FM - Vancouver's First Filipino Radio Program
    • Monday to Friday 10 - 11 a.m.
    • Saturday 11 a.m. - 3 p.m.
  • Pearl of the Orient
    • Saturdays 6:30–7:00 pm on CHIN 100.7 FM
  • Talakayan Radio
    • Saturdays 10–11 am on CHKT Fairchild Radio 1430 AM
  • Tinig Himig Pinoy
    • Mondays 10–11 pm on CIAO 530 AM
  • Radio Migrante
    • Tuesdays 4–5 pm on CHRY 105.5 FM
  • FilTown Radio
    • Sundays 9–10 pm on CMR 101.3 FM
  • Pinoy Radio Toronto "I love Filipino Music"
    • Sundays 10-11 pm on CMR 101.3 FM
  • Taglish Radio
    • Sundays 5–6 pm on CFMU 93.3 FM (Hamilton)

Television Programs:

  • Minerva TV
    • Tuesdays & Saturdays 10pm Filipino TV
  • Front Page Philippines
  • BrunchTV
    • Sundays 9:00–9:30 am & Thursdays 6:30–7:00 pm on Rogers TV Channel 10/63
  • NEGO Show
  • Overboost
  • R.I.O.T.
  • Pinoy Hype Television
  • Minerva Records TV
  • Malaya TV

Many Filipinos in Toronto also subscribe to TFC (The Filipino Channel), GMA Pinoy TV (through Bell & Rogers) and/or Filipino TV (through Rogers & Telus).

Metro Vancouver[edit]

Vancouver is home to the second largest Filipino community in Canada with nearly 94,000 Filipinos residing there. Filipinos in Vancouver make up the third largest Asian Canadian and visible minority group behind the Chinese and South Asians. Most of British Columbia's 94,000 Filipinos reside in the Greater Vancouver Area where the jobs are concentrated. About 1 out of 5 Filipinos in Canada call Metro Vancouver home. They contribute to the city's economy greatly like many of the Asian-Canadians. Vancouver is also home to the only branches of Goldilocks Bakeshop and Max's Fried Chicken in Canada, of which there were two in 2008.

Winnipeg[edit]

Winnipeg is home to 56,400 Filipinos making them the third largest Filipino community in Canada by total population, however the largest by percentage (8.7%).[5] The Filipino community in Winnipeg is the largest visible minority group in Winnipeg ahead of the Chinese-Canadians and Indo-Canadians (but excluding aboriginal Canadians, who are not counted as a "visible minority" by Statistics Canada). Winnipeg is home to the oldest Filipino community in Canada with Filipino immigration to Winnipeg beginning before 1950. Winnipeg was home to the largest Filipino community before the 1980s. About 1 out of 10 Filipinos in Canada call Winnipeg home. There is also Filipino community centre called The Philippine Canadian Centre of Manitoba (PCCM) providing social and service to the Filipino community and also holds events such as Folklorama. There are a lot of Filipino politicians that live in Winnipeg. There are also Filipino newspapers such as The Pilipino Express News Magazine, The Filipino Journal, Ang Peryodiko and others. There is also a radio station, CKJS, which broadcasts Filipino related news, music, lifestyle and much more.

Winnipeg's Filipino population is largely concentrated in the West End and North End areas of the city. The neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Arlington Street is 45% Filipino,[6] and the neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Wall Street is 47% Filipino.[7][8]

Greater Calgary[edit]

Calgary is home to over 25,000 Filipinos making them the fourth largest Filipino community in Canada. Filipinos started coming in droves in Calgary in the early '80s and '90s. They mostly came as professionals and employees of the service industry. Many of them have also established their own family businesses and are contributing greatly to the city's vibrant economy.

Greater Montreal[edit]

The fifth largest Filipino community in Canada, Montreal is home to nearly 25,000 Filipinos. Filipinos in Montreal are concentrated in the Cote-des-Neiges area and around Decarie Expressway, both areas have many Filipino establishments and professional offices. The Filipino Association of Montreal and Suburbs FAMAS is an advocacy group for Filipino Canadians active in and around the city of Montreal, Canada. It is the oldest such association in Quebec.[9]

Edmonton Capital Region[edit]

According to the 2006 National Census, 21,150 Filipinos live and work in the Edmonton Capital Region. Various Filipino associations celebrate the culture and take part in large metropolitan events such as the Edmonton Heritage Festival. In 2002, the Filipino community presented its home nation as the "Featured Country" during Capital Ex (formerly Klondike Days). Edmonton is also the home of the Philippine Cultural Society, the Philippine Choral Society, and the Karilagan Dance Society.[10]

Radio station CKER-FM also broadcasts community programming to Filipinos in Edmonton.

National Capital Region[edit]

The National Capital Region made up of the cities of Ottawa, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec is home to the sixth largest Filipino community in Canada with nearly 10,000 Filipinos residing in Canada's capital. Ottawa is also the home of the Philippine Embassy and ambassador to Canada.

Southwestern Ontario[edit]

Southwestern Ontario is home to almost 10,000 Filipinos. Most of them live in the cities of Cambridge, Guelph, Kitchener, London and Windsor. Southwestern Ontario is home to a successful and thriving Filipino community.

Hamilton[edit]

The city of Hamilton situated on the western shore of Lake Ontario is home to over 5,000 Filipinos. Hamilton is home to the first Filipino community centre and school in Canada both opening in the early 80s and late 70s, respectively.

Niagara Region[edit]

The Niagara region on the south shore of Lake Ontario is home to nearly 3,000 Filipinos. They form a tight knit community concentrated in the cities of St. Catharines and Niagara Falls. Niagara-on-the-lake is home to a very successful community and the only town to have had a Filipino mayor in Canada, Arturo Viola.

Northern Canada[edit]

The northern territories of Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut have a Filipino community of about 975, despite an extremely cold climate. The Filipino community has grown steadily from 735 in 2001. Filipinos in the Northwest Territories make the largest visible minority group there with a population of 690. Filipinos in the Yukon Territory are the second-largest minority group to the Chinese with a community of 210 living there. Nunavut has a growing Filipino population of 75. The territories received about 50 Filipinos on average a year from 2001 to 2006.

Demographics[edit]

Most Filipinos who immigrate to Canada settle in the large urban areas where there are more jobs and a vibrant community life. These areas include: Metro Vancouver, Greater Calgary, Edmonton Capital Region, City of Winnipeg, the Greater Toronto Area and Greater Montreal.

Number of Philippine nationals granted permanent residence in Canada by year[11]
Year Number of Philippine nationals admitted Total number of permanent residents admitted Proportion of permanent residents admitted
2002 11,011 229,048 4.8%
2003 11,987 221,349 5.4%
2004 13,303 235,823 5.6%
2005 17,525 262,242 6.7%
2006 17,718 251,640 7%
2007 19,067 236,753 8.1%
2008 23,727 247,246 9.6%
2009 27,277 252,174 10.8%
2010 36,580 280,691 13%
2011 34,991 248,748 14.1%

2011 Canadian census[edit]

Source:[5]

2006 Canadian census[edit]

By City[edit]

  • Toronto – 102,555
  • Winnipeg – 36,820
  • Mississauga (Toronto CMA) – 30,705
  • Vancouver – 28,605
  • Calgary – 24,915
  • Edmonton – 18,245
  • Montreal – 17,100
  • Surrey (Vancouver CMA) – 16,555
  • Brampton (Toronto CMA) – 11,980
  • Markham (Toronto CMA) – 7,370
  • Ottawa – 7,115
  • Vaughan (Toronto CMA) – 5,360
  • Hamilton – 4,040
  • Windsor – 2,630
  • London – 1,790

By Census Metropolitan Area[12][13][14][15][16][17][edit]

  • Toronto CMA – 171,980
  • Vancouver CMA – 78,890
  • Winnipeg CMA – 36,935
  • Calgary CMA – 25,565
  • Montreal CMA – 23,510
  • Edmonton CMA – 19,625
  • Ottawa – Gatineau CMA – 7,330
  • Hamilton CMA – 4,880
  • Windsor CMA – 3,145
  • Victoria CMA – 2,760
  • Oshawa CMA – 2,155
  • St. Catharines – Niagara CMA – 2,130
  • London CMA – 1,990
  • Guelph CMA – 1,965
  • Saskatoon CMA – 1,915
  • Kitchener CMA – 1,850
  • Regina CMA – 1,230

By Province/Territory[edit]

Province Filipino 2001 % 2001 Filipino 2011 % 2011
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario 156,515 1.4% 295,700 2.3%
Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia 64,005 1.7% 135,990 3.1%
Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta 33,940 1.2% 113,205 3.2%
Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba 30,490 2.8% 61,270 5.2%
Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec 18,550 0.2% 34,140 0.4%
Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan 3,030 0.3% 16,705 1.6%
Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia 655 0.1% 2,110 0.2%
Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador 265 0.1% 1,395 0.3%
Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick 355 0.1% 1,155 0.2%
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories 470 1.3% 975 2.4%
Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon 235 0.8% 735 2.2%
Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut 35 0.1% 140 0.4%
Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island 35 0.0% 95 0.1%
Flag of Canada.svg Canada 308,575 1.0% 662,600 2.0%

The majority of Filipino-Canadians are women who make up about 65% of the population.

By Gender[edit]

  • Male – 175,640
  • Female – 235,055

List of Canadian census subdivisions with Filipino populations higher than the national average[edit]

Source: Canada 2011 Census[18]
National average: 1.9%

Alberta[edit]

British Columbia[edit]

Manitoba[edit]

Northwest Territories[edit]

Ontario[edit]

Quebec[edit]

Saskatchewan[edit]

Yukon[edit]

Community Events[edit]

Major Community Events in Canada
Date Name Region
June Pinoy Fiesta sa Toronto Toronto, ON
June Pistahan sa Toronto Toronto, ON
June Philippine Festival Vancouver, BC
June Philippine Heritage Celebration Winnipeg, MB
June Kalayaan Picnic Mississauga, ON
June 12 Philippine Independence Day Nationwide, Canada
June 28 Pinoy Fiesta and Trade Show Toronto, Canada
August Mabuhay Philippines Festival Toronto, ON
July Pista sa Nayon Montreal, QC
July PCUAA Summerfest Toronto, ON
July Pateros Town Fiesta Edmonton, AB, Toronto, ON, Vancouver, BC and Winnipeg, MB
July Filipinos Making Waves Toronto, ON
August Filipino Day at Wonderland Vaughan, ON
August Philippine Summer Festival Vancouver, BC
August Kultura Filipino Arts Festival Toronto, ON
August Filipino CommUNITY Family Fun Day Fredericton, NB
September Filipiniana Festival Winnipeg, MB
December 16 to 24 Simbang Gabi Christmas Dawn Masses Nationwide, Canada
December 25 Pasko Christmas Feast Nationwide, Canada
December 30 Jose Rizal Day Nationwide, Canada


Notable Filipino Canadians[edit]

This is a list of people notable for being Filipino Canadian. Names on this list should either have an accompanying existing article link which verifies they define themselves as Filipino Canadian, or reliable sources as footnotes against the name to verify they are notable and define themselves as Filipino Canadian.

Politicians[edit]

Broadcasting[edit]

Entertainers[edit]

Writers[edit]

Sports[edit]

Artists[edit]

Fashion and pageantry[edit]

Fashion[edit]

Pageants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, Canada, 2011, Statistics Canada, 2013-09-11, retrieved 2014-01-03 
  2. ^ Canadian PM arrives in Manila Friday night for 3-day visit, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2012-11-09, retrieved 2014-01-03 
  3. ^ "NHS Profile, Canada, 2011". 2011 National Household Survey. Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Philippines takes over China as number one source of Canadian immigrants". Canadian Visa Bureau. 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  5. ^ a b [1]Racial Demographics of Canadian Cities
  6. ^ NHS Profile, 0029.00, Manitoba, 2011, Statistics Canada
  7. ^ NHS Profile, 0030.00, Manitoba, 2011, Statistics Canada
  8. ^ Petz, Sarah. Filipinos find a home in Winnipeg as family ties drive immigration in Manitoba, National Post, May 29, 2014.
  9. ^ Marlene Birao Schachter
  10. ^ Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. "Heritage Community Foundation profile". Retrieved 2008-01-02. 
  11. ^ [2], Facts and figures 2011 — Immigration overview: Permanent and temporary residents — Permanent residents
  12. ^ "Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  13. ^ "Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  14. ^ "Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  15. ^ "Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  16. ^ "Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  17. ^ "Visible minority population, by census metropolitan areas (2006 Census)". 0.statcan.gc.ca. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2010-07-07. 
  18. ^ [3], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]