Filipinos in the Netherlands
|Tagalog, other languages of the Philippines, Dutch, English|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Filipino people, Overseas Filipino|
Filipinos in the Netherlands comprise migrants from the Philippines to the Netherlands and their descendants living there. According to Dutch government statistics, 16,719 persons of first or second-generation Philippine background lived in the Netherlands in 2011. Though Filipinos live throughout the country, Amsterdam and Rotterdam are homes to the largest Filipino communities.
Migration history and motivations
The first Filipina to marry and settle came in 1947 to work in a hospital. In the 1960s, a larger number of Filipinos arrived to work in hospitals in Leiden and Utrecht, as well as a clothing factory in Achterhoek. Since then, most Filipinos went to the Netherlands as contract workers, higher-education students, or medical workers. Partly because of the large number of Filipinos living in the Netherlands, in 2009 KLM increased the number of direct flights to Ninoy Aquino International Airport (in Manila) to seven per week, and seven per week amongst other Filipino airports.
Every day, roughly 300–500 Filipino seamen pass through Dutch ports. One-third of the au pairs in the Netherlands (1,500) are Filipinas. In addition, about 500 Filipinos work on oil rigs in the North Sea. More than 80 Filipino students attend Dutch universities pursuing Masters or Doctorate degrees.
The first Filipino organisation in the Netherlands, Philippine Nurses Association of the Academisch Ziekenhuis in Leiden, was created in 1965. After this, other organisations such as the Dutch-Philippine Association and Dutch-Philippine Club were formed. In 1999 there were more than 20 such organisations in the Netherlands.
There are two major Philippine publications in the Netherlands, the Philippine Digest and the Munting Nayon.
- Paul Mulders, footballer
- Jason de Jong, footballer
- Jose Maria Sison, Filipino Communist politician in exile in the Netherlands; called a "person supporting terrorism" by the U.S. and the European Union
- Population by origin and generation, 1 January, The Hague: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, 2009, retrieved 2011-04-26
- "A BRIEF HISTORY OF PHILIPPINE - NETHERLANDS RELATIONS". The Philippine Embassy in The Hague. 2008. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- Palpallatoc, Mercy. "Filipino residents in the Netherlands". FFON. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Philippines, Netherlands boost two-way air flights". ASEAN Affairs. 2008-07-14. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "Filipino Migration to Europe: Country Profiles". Philippine International Migration:Issues and Concerns of the Filipino Migrants in the Netherlands. CFMW. 1997-11-24. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- Galicia, Loui (2009-01-23). "Pinoy scholar in Holland continues to inspire". Sikat ang Pinoy. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- Flores-Valenzuela, Orquidia (1999). "History of the Filipino Community in the Netherlands". Munting Nayon News Magazine (125). Retrieved 2011-04-25.
- Toms, Sarah (2006-07-26). "Philippines' death penalty debate". BBC News. Retrieved 2009-01-17.