Filippo Beccari (fl. second half of the 18th century) was an Italian ballet dancer and ballet master working in Russia, and a founder of the Moscow Ballet School.
Russia, in the beginning of the 18th century, went in the development towards the West: the system of the West European values and culture was imposed. The Russian empire lying geographically both in Europe and in Asia, by this time has already accurately defined the way: it became the European state. The great value was taken away to theatrical art development. Russia invited from Europe different professionals, including theatrical figures. Filippo Beccari was one of them.
The history has kept not enough information on it. It is not known, when he was born, when has arrived to Russia. But it is known that in the beginning of 1770th years it worked in the Saint Petersburg imperial ballet troupe. By this time in St.-Petersburg already there were classes for preparation of actors, and in Moscow - they weren't. In 1773 it has been decided to arrange such school at the Moscow Orphanage. Filippo Beccari was caused a steel by the teacher of a ballet class and he with his wife-ballerina has left Petersburg to Moscow.
Filippo Beccari became the first teacher of ballet in Moscow.
Under the contract, Filippo Beccari and his wife didn't receive a payment in the course of work, and should receive for the learned actors: on 250 roubles for each dancer-soloist and on 150 roubles for the figurant. The first class consisted of 26 little boys and 28 little girls. They were engaged four times a week for four hours. Then the number of ballet pupils has increased. After three years results have surpassed all expectations: from 62 pupils 24 were are taken on a scene by soloists, and the others have entered into corps de ballet troupe.
He headed a ballet classes with 1773 for 1778. In 1778 he was replaced by the French choreographer Leopold Paradise.
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