Filippo Salviati (1582 – 22 March 1614) was an Italian scientist and astronomer from a noble Florentine family. He was a senator of Florence and a member of the Accademia dei Lincei.
In his friend Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, he appears as the character Salviati, the spokesperson for the author's own Copernican ideas, and is there described by the author as a scientist with a stable, acute and above all rational personality. In the Dialogue he has a double function: to counter the Aristotelian theory of Simplicio and at the same time to correct the ingenuousness of Sagredo, therefore seeking to explain the obvious difficulties in Copernican theory at that time.
He died in Barcelona.
- Ornstein, Martha (1913). The rôle of scientific societies in the seventeenth century. U of Chicago Press. p. 39.
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