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In the UK, the Chancellor of the Exchequer delivers an annual Budget speech on Budget Day, outlining changes in spending, as well as tax and duty. The changes to tax and duty are passed as law, and each year form the respective Finance Act. For example, changes to the law as a result of Gordon Brown's 2004 Budget form the Finance Act 2004.
The rules governing the various taxation methods are contained within the relevant taxation acts. Capital Gains Tax legislation, for example, is contained within Taxation of Chargeable Gains Act 1992. The Finance Act details amendments to be made to each one of these Acts. The main taxes are Excise Duties; Value Added Tax; Income Tax; Corporation Tax; and Capital Gains Tax.
Excise duties are inland duties levied on articles at the time of their manufacture.
- Alcoholic liquor duties
- Alcoholic Liquor Duties Act 1979
- Hydrocarbon oil duties
- Hydrocarbon Oil Duties Act 1979
- Tobacco products duty
- Tobacco Products Duty Act 1979
- Gaming duty
- Finance Act 1997 (rates of gaming duty)
- Amusement machine licence duty
- Betting and Gaming Duties Act 1981
- Vehicle excise duty
- Vehicle Excise and Registration Act 1994
Full title of the Act including pre-amble and enacting formula 
An Act to grant certain duties, to alter other duties, and to amend the law relating to the National Debt and the Public Revenue, and to make further provision in connection with finance.
Most Gracious Sovereign
WE Your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects the Commons of the United Kingdom in Parliament assembled, towards raising the necessary supplies to defray Your Majesty's public expenses and making an addition to the public revenue have freely and voluntarily resolved to give and grant unto Your Majesty the several duties hereinafter mentioned and do therefore most humbly beseech Your Majesty that it may be it enacted and be it enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same as follows.
Specific Finance acts 
Finance Act 1910 
The Finance Act 1910 led to the "Lloyd George Domesday land-survey", and the 1910-1915 Valuation Maps. Each property ('hereditament') in England and Wales was surveyed and valued, so a land value tax could be levied when the property was sold. The proposed rate was 20% of the increase in land-value between the date of the "Domesday" survey and the date of sale. Exemptions included farm-land and plots smaller than 50 acres (200,000 m2). The tax was repealed in 1920.
As part of the survey, landowners had to fill in a form, and the resulting records are extremely useful for local history. The records today consist of
- working maps
- valuation maps
- valuation books
- field books.
The valuation maps and books are kept in local record offices, and the other items are in the National Archives at Kew (field books in series IR58; working maps in series IR121 to IR135 according to region: each region has up to 22 different districts).
Finance Act 1920 
To included a new 'Duty on licences for mechanically propelled vehicles' (which went into the Road Fund), Repealed 'customs duties on motor spirit and motor spirit dealers licence duties' and introduced 'Provisions as to spirits used for generating mechanical power' along with other provisions related to income tax and tax on alcohol.
Finance Act 1946 
Finance Act 1977 
Finance Act 2000 
The Finance Act 2000 introduced the Climate Change Levy.
See also 
- List of short titles
- Finance Act 1999
- Finance Act 2000
- Finance Act 2001
- Finance Act 2002
- Finance Act 2003
- Finance Act 2004
- Finance Act 2005
- Finance Act 2006
- Finance Act 2007
- Finance Act 2008
- Finance Act 2009
- "Finance Act, 1920". England Legislation. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
- "Finance Act 1946". 1 August 1946. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- Finance Act 1977, section 56
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