Finch (TTC)

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Finch
Finch TTC tiles.JPG
Station statistics
Address 5600 Yonge Street
Toronto, Ontario
Canada
Coordinates 43°46′50″N 79°24′53″W / 43.78056°N 79.41472°W / 43.78056; -79.41472Coordinates: 43°46′50″N 79°24′53″W / 43.78056°N 79.41472°W / 43.78056; -79.41472
Connections
Structure type underground
Platforms centre platform
Tracks 2
Parking 3,251
Other information
Opened 29 March 1974
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Presto card yes
Traffic
Passengers (2011-12[1]) 101,940
Ranked 6th of 69
Services
Preceding station   TTC   Following station
toward Downsview
Yonge–University–Spadina Terminus

Finch is the northern terminus subway station of the Yonge Street section of the Yonge–University–Spadina line in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It is located under Yonge Street north of Finch Avenue.

This is the busiest TTC bus terminal and the sixth-busiest subway station, serving around 101,940 people per day. The station connects with other transit agencies at the adjoining Finch Bus Terminal.

Entrances[edit]

Pedestrians can enter Finch Station from:

  • Finch/Yonge: stairwells in the sidewalk on both sides of Yonge Street north of Finch Avenue.
  • Pemberton Avenue: free standing entrance via escalator and stairs.
  • North American Life Building: lower floor
  • GO Finch Bus Terminal: northeast corner of Yonge Street and Bishop Avenue; connecting to a tunnel via an escalator in the building, an adjacent stairwell in the sidewalk, and an external elevator north of the building.
  • Kiss-n-Ride: northwest corner of Yonge Street and Hendon Avenue; elevators and stairs to a tunnel connecting under the street.

TTC bus passengers enter the subway station through the bus terminal. It is illegal for pedestrians to enter or exit the bus terminal at street level.

There is an emergency exit between Finch and North York Centre stations at the northeast corner of Church Avenue and Yonge Street. The site was once the Willowdale United Church, demolished to make way for subway construction. Stairs from the subway tunnel surface into a brick building in the old cemetery.

History[edit]

The station was opened on March 29, 1974, in what was then the Borough of North York, by provincial premier Bill Davis and borough mayor Mel Lastman. It replaced York Mills as the northern terminus of the line. Homes once fronted the station along Yonge Street were demolished.

Geography and layout[edit]

A map of the Finch bus terminal and surrounding area. The maroon exit is the new Pemberton Exit (see below)

Bus terminal[edit]

On street level is a bus terminal. It is bordered on the south by Finch Avenue, and on the north by Bishop Avenue (which is named Hendon when it crosses west of Yonge). To the west of the terminal, separated by a chain link fence, is a parking area behind a strip of small 2-storey commercial buildings which stand between the terminal and Yonge Street. To the east, separated by wavy-shaped brick/masonry wall, are several taller buildings. The station interrupts the path of an east-west street, Pemberton Avenue, which runs between Bishop and Finch. It ends east of the station, and a very short length resumes west of the station, connecting it to Yonge. (see Pemberton Exit below)

The terminal consists of a central narrow rectangular building oriented north-south with a bus platform on either side. Each bus route has its own assigned boarding location on the platforms. Buses travel clockwise on a looped roadway that circles the terminal structure. The roadway exits to the public streets at the north, south and west ends. Most buses travel north, and board on the west platform. Only Finch Avenue routes exit south, and board on the east platform. Buses typically (but not exclusively) let passengers off on the opposite platform as they board. Pedestrians are not allowed to enter or exit the terminal on street level, and must pass through the subway station below.

Pemberton Exit[edit]

A bus exiting the Pemberton Exit onto Yonge St. (foreground)

Prior to the construction of the Pemberton Exit, all buses except the Finch Avenue routes travelled north on Yonge Street, and thus had to exit at the north end of the station. The number of such buses amounted to approximately 65 buses per hour during the morning rush period and 51 buses per hour during the afternoon rush period.[2] The combination of the bus and car traffic volume resulted in significant delays and queues along Bishop Avenue as buses leaving the station had to make a left turn into heavy traffic and almost immediately reach the right hand curb to make the turn onto Yonge Street. The queue of exiting buses often backed up into the station loop, further congesting buses circulating within the station, as well as buses trying to enter the station at the same point.[2] In the morning rush hour, buses took an average of 1 minute and 58 seconds to travel the 40 metres from the station to Yonge Street, with some waiting up to 4 minutes.[2]

To reduce the delays involving bus congestion, construction began in April 2006 on the Pemberton Avenue Exit. On the western stub of Pemberton Avenue, the metered parking was permanently removed (a new Toronto Parking Authority lot was relocated to the former private parking lot at the south-east corner of Yonge and Bishop), and the street was connected to the main loop of Finch Station. When it was finally completed in January 2007, the street resumed two-way public traffic for access to the parking behind the commercial buildings; the connection to Finch Station became an alternate exit for buses headed northbound on Yonge Street (all buses except Finch Avenue buses). For some time during 2008 and 2009, this exit was closed off, forcing all buses (except the Finch Avenue buses) to exit onto Bishop. It was a parking lot for the surrounding stores until the exit reopened.

Subway station[edit]

The sculpture on the concourse level, Rhythm Of Exotic Plants, is "donated by Rio Algom Ltd. for the enjoyment of T.T.C. riders"

Stairs, escalators, and elevators lead from the bus terminal down three levels to the subway platform. The upper concourse, one floor below the bus terminal, is a corridor running the length of the bus terminal. It collects the landings of all of the terminal's stairs and escalators and leads to another bank of stairs and escalators down to the lower concourse.

The lower concourse level is the main concourse of the subway station. It is divided into the fare-paid and unpaid areas. The unpaid area is a long corridor, part of which runs alongside the fare-paid area lined with several automated token/pass and manned entrances. The unpaid area contains connections to office towers (North American Life, Place Nouveau, and condominiums on Pemberton Avenue), the regional bus terminal, and the “Kiss-n-Ride” passenger drop-off facility; it also contains token machines. The fare-paid area houses a few shops, including Gateway Newsstand and Tim Hortons, florist, lottery booth, clothing shop, and stairs and escalators down to the subway platform.

The platform level consists of a central platform between two tracks with an operations tower at the south end. Since Finch is the last station on the line, trains alternate which track they arrive on, and trains on both tracks travel southbound. When both tracks are occupied, overhead signs indicate which train will depart first. North of the platform is a space that allows a train to be stored there.

Krystyna Sadowska's sculpture Rhythm of Exotic Plants (1965) is displayed on the lower concourse level, outside the fare-paid area; A stainless-steel plaque celebrating the station's opening is also located on the lower concourse. A smaller plaque is located at the south subway platform.

Parking lots and passenger drop-off facility[edit]

"Kiss-n-Ride"

There are two major TTC parking lots (referred to as the car park in directional signage) at Finch Station for use by commuters. They are called simply the East Lot and the West Lot, and are located north of Bishop/Hendon, east and west of Yonge Street respectively. The lots have a combined capacity of 3251 parking spaces. Since the TTC got rid of free parking for Metropass holders, these lots rarely fill up. As of January 1, 2012, parking costs $5 from 5:00am to 3:00pm on weekdays, $2 between 3:00pm and 2:00am, and free all-day on weekends and holidays.

In addition to the parking lots, Finch Station also features a relatively elaborate “Kiss-n-Ride” passenger drop-off/pick-up facility, which is connected to the lower concourse level of the station (outside the fare-paid area) by pedestrian tunnels. The area has a round, indoor waiting area for passengers, with about 20 temporary parking spaces circularly surrounding the structure. It is adjacent to the west parking lot. Many people also use the aforementioned Pemberton Avenue cul-de-sac and Bishop Avenue's proximity to the station's entrance as a pick-up and drop-off point, especially during busy hours when the Kiss-n-Ride area may be full. Although it is technically illegal for cars to stop or park in this area, it is almost always overlooked.

On the north side of Bishop Avenue, slightly east of the TTC bus terminal (along the southern edge of the GO bus terminal) is a parking lane for taxicabs. This is best accessed by exiting the subway station at the stairs/escalator to the north-east corner of Yonge and Bishop (the GO bus terminal).

Nearby landmarks[edit]

  • Plaque on the North American Life building commemorating the birthplace of former Canadian Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson
  • Newtonbrook Plaza
  • Finch's Hotel (historic landmark that no longer exists)

Surface connections[edit]

TTC NovaBus RTS at Finch Station on route 60D to Highway 27.

The bus terminal at Finch Station is within the fare-paid area, so pedestrians wishing to board buses need to use the subway station entrance. The exceptions are route 97 southbound and the Blue Night Bus, which use curbside stops on the street outside the station.

Finch Bus Terminal is just north of the TTC station and is connected by a tunnel under Bishop Avenue. That bus station is used by GO Transit and York Region Transit services, including two BRT lines of York Region's Viva Rapid Transit.

  • 36 Finch West to Humberwood
36D to Weston Road and Milvan
36F to Weston Road and Milvan via Fenmar
39D to Neilson
39F to Seneca College - express service
39G to Old Finch and Morningview
  • 42 Cummer to Victoria Park
42A to Middlefield
42B to Kennedy
  • 53A Steeles East to Staines Road
53B to Markham Road
53E to Markham Road - express service
53F to Staines - express service
  • 60B Steeles West to Martin Grove
60C to York University
60D to Highway 27
60E to Kipling - express service

Tenants[edit]

A number of retail tenants have been added to the station, namely at the lower concourse level:

Expansion plans[edit]

On 15 June 2007, Premier Dalton McGuinty announced a plan to extend the Yonge Subway from Finch Station to Highway 7 in Richmond Hill by 2020 as part of the government's MoveOntario 2020 plan. As of 2008, the plans for a north Yonge extension have become less of a priority with focus shifting to the possibility resurrecting plans for the Downtown Relief Line.[3]

The Transit City proposal calls for a new LRT line, known as the Etobicoke-Finch West LRT line, to run along Finch Avenue West from Humber College to Finch Station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subway ridership, 2011-2012". Toronto Transit Commission. "This table shows the typical number of customer-trips made on each subway on an average weekday and the typical number of customers travelling to and from each station platform on an average weekday. Five stations serve two subways, and so are listed twice, once for each subway" 
  2. ^ a b c "TTC Report: Transit benefits of a new bus exit at Finch Station". Retrieved 23 February 2007. 
  3. ^ Hertz, Barry (2008-04-15). "TTC to seriously consider relief line by 2018, Giambrone says". National Post. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 

External links[edit]