|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2011)|
Screenshot of Fink running in Terminal
|Stable release||binary distribution 0.9.0 / June 26, 2008|
|Preview release||source distribution 0.36.0 / October 30, 2013|
|Operating system||Mac OS X|
|License||GNU General Public License|
The Fink project is an effort to port and package open-source Unix programs to Mac OS X. Fink uses dpkg and APT (Debian's package management system), as well as its own frontend program,
fink (which is implemented as a set of Perl modules).
Fink features a binary distribution for quick and easy installation using APT, as well as a more extensive source distribution. In addition to command-line tools for handling packages, the shareware app Phynchronicity provides a GUI.
Fink can be used to install newer versions of packages installed by Mac OS X or to install packages not included in Mac OS X. Fink stores all its data in the directory "
/sw" by default (though this can be changed if initially compiling fink itself from source code). This goes against the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard's recommendation to use "
/usr/local"; the reasons given in the Fink FAQ are that other installers might overwrite Fink's files under "
/usr/local", and that having an entirely separate directory makes it easier to disable the binaries and libraries that Fink installs. Within Fink's directory, a FHS-like layout (
/sw/lib, etc.) is used.
The Fink project was started in December 2000 by German hacker Christoph Pfisterer. The name Fink is German for finch and is a reference to the name of the Mac OS X core, Darwin; Charles Darwin's study of diversity among finches led him eventually to the concept of evolution.
Christoph Pfisterer left the project in November 2001. Since then, several people have stepped in and picked up support for Fink. As of March 2008, the project is managed by 6 administrators, 89 developers, and a very active community. The Fink community released support for Mac OS X v10.4 on 18 February 2006, and for Mac OS X Leopard on the day it was released (26 October 2007). Fink is now available for OS X Mountain Lion.
- See for example http://www.finkproject.org/faq/usage-fink.php question 5.7. The source distribution's package database is at http://pdb.finkproject.org/pdb/ and by examining the details of an individual package it is possible to see which versions of OS X are supported, and whether a binary version is available.
- "Fink - F.A.Q - General". Retrieved 2009-01-23.
- Pfisterer, Christian. "Christoph Pfisterer resigns from the fink project.". Retrieved 2008-03-21.