|Type||Società per azioni|
|Traded as||BIT: FNC|
|Key people||Giovanni De Gennaro(Chairman), Alessandro Pansa CEO|
|Products||aeronautics, helicopters, space, electronics, defence systems, transportation, construction|
|Revenue||€17,2 billion |
|Profit||€(786) million |
Finmeccanica S.p.A. is the leading industrial group in the high technology sector in Italy and one of the main global players in aerospace, defence and security. It operates in seven sectors: aeronautics, helicopters, space, electronics, defence systems, transportation and construction. The company has offices in over 100 countries. It is partially owned by the Italian government, which holds about 30% of Finmeccanica's shares.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2008)|
The company was established in 1948 as a subholding for mechanical industry of state owned IRI. Finmeccanica has held for years some historic Italian enterprises, as Alfa Romeo, Aeritalia and Ansaldo; Finmeccanica presence in aerospace field was restricted to Aeritalia, the biggest airplane manufacturer of Italy.
From 1960s to 1980s Italy's defence and aerospace industry was split in different state-holding entities: so Efim owned the helicopters manufacturer Agusta, the defence company Oto Melara and the electronic enterprise Officine Galileo whereas STET (another IRI subsidiary) held Selenia, Elsag and SGS Thomson, all electronic enterprises with specializations in security and defense. In 1989 an internal IRI reorganization process brought STET electronic enterprises to Finmeccanica, that from Aeritalia-Selenia merger made up its aerospace subsidiary Alenia. In 1992 Efim wound up because of troubled financial situation; so Agusta, Oto Melara, Officine Galileo and Breda passed to Finmeccanica, which became one of the most important Italian industrial groups. Finmeccanica, which was previously fully state owned by IRI, went under a privatization process in 1993, when it was listed in Milan Borsa Italiana.
In 1992 Finmeccanica's Agusta became a 32% partner in NHIndustries, the prime contractor for NH90 helicopter, along with Eurocopter (62.5%) and Fokker (5.5%). In July 2000 Finmeccanica and the British GKN plc agreed to merge their respective helicopter subsidiaries (Agusta and GKN-Westland Helicopters) to form AgustaWestland. On May 26, 2004 GKN confirmed that it would sell its share to Finmeccanica for £1.06 billion.
In December 2001 the missile business of Alenia Marconi Systems (AMS), a joint Finmeccanica/BAE Systems company, was merged with other European missile manufacturers to form MBDA which thus became the world's second largest missile manufacturer.
In July 2003 Finmeccanica and BAE Systems announced their intention to set up three joint venture companies, to be collectively known as Eurosystems. These companies would have pooled the avionics, C4ISTAR and communications businesses of the two companies. However the difficulties of integrating the companies in this way led to a re-evaluation of the proposal; BAE's 2004 Annual Report states that "recognizing the complexity of the earlier proposed Eurosystems transaction with Finmeccanica we have moved to a simpler model". The main part of this deal was the dissolution of AMS and the establishment of SELEX Sensors and Airborne Systems. In late March 2007 BAE Systems sold its 25% share of SELEX Sensors and Airborne Systems to Finmeccanica for €400 million (approx. £270 million c. 2007). Following a merger with Galileo Avionica S.p.A. (another Finmeccanica company) in January 2008, SELEX S&AS became SELEX Galileo. In January 2013 the company merged with Finmeccanica's other Defence Electronics companies, SELEX Elsag and SELEX Sistemi Integrati to become Selex ES.
In 2011 the company faced accusations that it had created slush funds with which to bribe politicians and chairman Pier Francesco Guarguaglini came under investigation. He denied any wrongdoing but, following pressure from Prime Minister Mario Monti, he stepped down from his post on 1 December receiving a golden handshake of 4 million Euros.
According to Finmeccanica emails published in the Syria Files release by WikiLeaks on 5 July 2012, Finmeccanica increased its sale of mobile communications equipment to Syrian authorities during 2011, delivering 500 of these to the Damascus suburb Muadamia in May 2011, after the Syrian uprising had started, and sending engineers to Damascus in February 2012 to provide training in using the communications equipment in helicopter terminals, while the uprising continued. Finmeccanica stated that the equipment sales were legal, they occurred "before the outbreak of conflict inside Syria", and the equipment "was designed for use by emergency responders" for civilian use only.
It was reported on 12 February 2013 that the chief executive, Giuseppe Orsi, was arrested on corruption charges. Prosecutors allege he paid bribes to ensure the sale of 12 helicopters to the Indian government, when he was head of the group's AgustaWestland unit.
Shortly after Pansa's appointment, Italian investigators discovered a case of bribery by Finmeccanica in its deal with India following which the government of India issued a show cause notice to the company.
In October that year, Finmeccanica reached a deal to sell a majority stake in power engineering company Ansaldo Energia to state lender Cassa Depositi e Prestiti and in December the Group announced the closing of the sale to Fondo Strategico Italiano (held by Cassa Depositi e Prestiti).
- Alenia Aermacchi
- ATR (50%, joint venture with Airbus Group)
- SuperJet International (51%, joint venture with Sukhoi)
- Eurofighter GmbH (21%, joint venture with BAE Systems and Airbus Group)
- Global Military Aircraft Systems (50%, joint venture with L-3 Communications)
- Neuron European UCAV program
- Joint Strike Fighter program
- Telespazio (67%, joint venture with Thales Group)
- Thales Alenia Space (33%, joint venture with Thales Group)
- NGL Prime (30%, joint venture with Airbus Group)
- Defence and Security Electronics
- Defence Systems
- Oto Melara
- Whitehead Sistemi Subacquei
- MBDA (25%, joint venture with BAE Systems and Airbus Group)
- EuroSysNav (50%, joint venture with DCNS)
- Engineering and construction
- Dominelli, Celestina (1 November 2011). "Finmeccanica, Guarguaglini lascia. All'ad Orsi anche la carica di presidente". Il Sole 24 Ore (in Italian). Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- "Finmeccanica chairman steps down amid slush-fund probe: Guarguaglini bows to pressure, CEO Orsi takes over". ANSA (Agenzia Nazionale Stampa Associata). 2 November 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- Finmeccanica annual report 2012
- Finmeccanica brochure 2013 Finmeccanica
- "EADS, BAE and Finmeccanica Complete MBDA Merger". Defense Daily International. 2001-12-21. "the new MBDA, the world's second largest missile manufacturer behind Raytheon"
- "BAE ties up £2.6bn Italian deal". BBC News. 3 June 2003. Retrieved 13 September 2007.
- Parmalee, Patricia J. (9 April 2007). "Selex Sale Sealed". Aviation Week and Space Technology (The McGraw-Hill Companies).
- "Finmeccanica completes $5.2B DRS buy". The Business Journal of Milwaukee. 22 October 2008.
- "List of documents – Release How the Finmeccanica technology is helping the Syrian regime". WikiLeaks. 5 July 2012. Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- "RE: Delivery of 500 Vehicular Radio VS3000 (1000 box)". WikiLeaks. 9 May 2011. Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- Squires, Nick (5 July 2012). "WikiLeaks begins publishing tranche of Syria emails". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- Moschonas, Ilias (2 February 2012). "SELEX reply on urgent requests". WikiLeaks. Archived from the original on 6 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- Mackenzie, James; Andrew Roche, Pravin Char (5 July 2012). "Finmeccanica sold radio equipment to Syria: report". Reuters. Archived from the original on 5 July 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2012.
- Finmeccanica's Giuseppe Orsi held on corruption charges BBC
- Emilio Parodi and Stephen Jewkes (12 February 2013). "Finmeccanica head arrested over India bribe allegations". Reuters.
- Finmeccanica Board Named Pansa CEO Reuters 13 February 2013
- India scraps chopper deal, adds 7 years to IAF’s wait Hindustan Times 15 February 2013
- Carlo Renda and Gilles Castonguay (4 July 2013). "Finmeccanica Shareholders Approve De Gennaro As Chairman". Reuters.
- Giuseppe Fonte (4 October 2013). "Finmeccanica agrees to sell Ansaldo Energia to state fund". Reuters.
- Finmeccanica completes Ansaldo Energia sale