|Founded||1 November 1923|
|Frequent-flyer program||Finnair Plus|
|Airport lounge||Finnair Lounge|
|Fleet size||44 (+13 orders and 8 options)|
|Company slogan||Designed for you|
|Parent company||Finnair Group|
|Key people||Pekka Vauramo (President & CEO)|
Finnair Plc (Finnish: Finnair Oyj, Swedish: Finnair Abp) is the flag carrier and largest airline of Finland, with its headquarters in Vantaa and its main hub at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. Finnair and its subsidiaries dominate both domestic and international air travel in Finland. Its major shareholder is the government of Finland, with 55.8% of the shares.
Finnair is a member of the Oneworld airline alliance. In 2012, it transported 8.8 million passengers to over 60 European and 15 Asian destinations. As of December 2012, the airline employed 6,784 people.
- 1 History
- 2 Corporate affairs
- 3 Destinations
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Services
- 6 Livery and uniforms
- 7 Incidents and accidents
- 8 References
- 9 External links
In 1923, consul Bruno Lucander founded Finnair as Aero O/Y (Aero Ltd). The company code, "AY", originates from this; AY stands for Aero Yhtiö which means "company" in Finnish. Lucander had previously run the Finnish operations of the Estonian airline Aeronaut. In mid-1923 he concluded an agreement with Junkers Flugzeugwerke AG to provide aircraft and technical support in exchange for a 50% ownership in the new airline. The charter establishing the company was signed in Helsinki on 12 September 1923, and the company was entered into the trade register on 11 December 1923. The first flight was on 20 March 1924 from Helsinki to Tallinn, Estonia on a Junkers F.13 aircraft equipped with floats. The seaplane service ended in December 1936 following the construction of the first aerodromes in Finland.
World War II
Air raids on Helsinki and other Finnish cities made World War II a difficult period for the airline. Half the fleet was requisitioned by the Finnish Air Force and it is estimated that, during the Winter War of 1939 and 1940, half of the airline's passengers were children being evacuated to Sweden.
Immediate postwar period
The Finnish government acquired a majority stake in the company in 1946 and re-established services to Europe in November 1947, initially using the Douglas DC-3. In 1953, the airline began branding itself as Finnair. The Convair 440 twin-engined pressurised airliner was acquired from January 1953 and these faster aircraft were operated on the company's longer routes as far as London.
Jet Age (1970s)
In 1961, Finnair joined the jet age by adding Rolls-Royce Avon-engined Caravelles to its fleet. These were later exchanged with the manufacturer for Pratt & Whitney JT8D-engined Super Caravelles. In 1962, Finnair acquired a 27% controlling interest in a private Finnish airline, Kar-Air. Finnair Oy became the company's official name on 25 June 1968. In 1969, it took possession of its first U.S. made jet, a Douglas DC-8. The first transatlantic service to New York was inaugurated on 15 May 1969. In the 1960s Finnair's head office was in Helsinki.
Finnair received its first widebody aircraft in 1975, two DC-10-30 planes. The first of these arrived on 4 February 1975 and entered service on 14 February 1975, flying between Helsinki and Las Palmas.
In 1979, Finnair established a subsidiary company Finnaviation for domestic operations, with a 60% stake.
In 1983, Finnair became the first operator to fly non-stop from Western Europe to Japan operating Helsinki-Tokyo flights with one McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER. Until then, flights had to go via Moscow (Aeroflot, SAS, BA) or Anchorage (most carriers) due to Soviet airspace restrictions, but Finnair circumvented these by flying directly north from Helsinki, over the North Pole and back south through the Bering Strait, avoiding the Soviet airspace. The aircraft was fitted with extra fuel tanks, taking 13 hours for the trip. The routes through Soviet airspace and with a stopover in Moscow also took 13 hours, but flights with a stopover at Anchorage took up to 16 hours, giving Finnair a competitive edge. In the spring of 1986, Soviet regulators finally cleared the way for Air France and Japan Airlines to fly nonstop Paris-Tokyo services over Soviet airspace, putting Finnair at a disadvantage.
In 1989, Finnair became the launch customer for the McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first of which was delivered on 7 December 1990. The first revenue service with the MD-11 took place on 20 December 1990, with OH-LGA operating a flight from Helsinki to Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
Operations on subsidiary airlines (1990s–2000s)
In 1997, the subsidiaries Kar-Air and Finnaviation became wholly owned by Finnair, and were integrated into the mainline operations.
On 25 September 1997, the company's official name was changed to Finnair Oyj.
In 1999, Finnair joined the Oneworld airline alliance.
In 2003, Finnair acquired ownership of the Swedish low-cost airline, FlyNordic, which operated mainly within Scandinavia. In 2007, Finnair sold all its shares in FlyNordic to Norwegian Air Shuttle. As part of the transaction, Finnair acquired 4.8% of the latter company, becoming its third largest shareholder.
Labour disputes and restructuring (2006–present)
On 1 December 2011, Finnair transferred its baggage and apron services to Swissport International as per a five-year agreement signed on 7 November 2011. Mr Mika Vehviläinen, then CEO of Finnair, said: “Our aim is to further improve the quality, speed and cost effectiveness of our baggage handling and apron services. Swissport is a global player with extensive experience in ground services in international airports, and their competencies and processes are world-class.” 
As of early 2012, the Finnish government was considering decreasing its share of Finnair ownership below 50%.
Subsidiaries and associates
Key business trends
The key trends for Finnair over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 December):
|Turnover (€ m)||1,558||1,683||1,871||1,990||2,181||2,256||1,838||2,023||2,257||2,449|
|Profits (EBT) (€ m)||−22||31||88||−15||139||−62||−125||−33||−111.5||16.5|
|Number of employees (average)||9,981||9,522||9,447||9,598||9,480||9,595||8,797||7,578||7,467||6,784|
|Number of passengers (m)||6.8||8.1||8.5||8.8||8.7||8.3||7.4||7.1||8.0||8.8|
|Passenger load factor (%)||69.6||71.2||72.6||75.2||75.5||75.2||75.9||76.5||73.3||77.6|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||59||69||69||72||62||65||68||63||65||60|
In 2013, Finnair opened its new head office, known as House of Travel and Transportation (or "HOTT"), on what used to be a car park right next to its previous head office located in Tietotie 11, in the grounds of Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. The construction of HOTT began in July 2011 and finished on time in June 2013. The previous head office had been in use since 1994, then replacing a head office located in Helsinki city centre. 
The new mixed-use head office has a total floor space of 70,000 square metres (750,000 sq ft) and 22,400 square metres (241,000 sq ft) of office space.
From its Helsinki-Vantaa base Finnair flies to Asia, North America and an extensive regional network in Europe. The domestic and intra-European flights are partly carried out in cooperation with Flybe Nordic, operating an ATR/Embraer fleet.
Finnair has codeshare agreements with the following airlines, beside Oneworld members (as of April 2013):
|Airbus A321-200||8||3||0||196||196||Deliveries in 2013. First user of A321 with sharklets|
|Airbus A350-900||—||11 (+8)||TBA||315||Deliveries in 2015, replacing A340|
|Boeing 757-200||2||—||0||227||227||Mostly operated on charter flights. To be replaced by A321.|
Finnair has previously operated the following equipment:
- Airbus A300B4 (1986–2004) (with a 2-crew cockpit)
- Boeing 737-200C (1989–1995) (1 aircraft operated by Air Atlanta Icelandic)
- Convair CV-440 Metropolitan (1953–1980)
- de Havilland Dragon Rapide (1937–1947)
- Douglas DC-2 (1941–1948)
- Douglas DC-3 (1947–1969)
- Douglas DC-8-62CF (1969–1981)
- Douglas DC-8-62 (1975–1985)
- Douglas DC-9-14 / -15F / -15MC / -15RC / -41 / -51 (1971–2003)
- Embraer E-170 (2005–2012)
- Fokker F27 (1980–1987)
- Junkers F.13 (1924–1935)
- Junkers G.24 (1926–1935)
- Junkers Ju 52/3m (1932–1949)
- McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 / -30ER (1975–1996)
- McDonnell Douglas MD-11 (Passenger version) (1990–2009, Launch Customer); (Cargo version operated 2010–2011)
- McDonnell Douglas MD-82 / -83 / -87 (1983–2006)
- Sud Aviation Caravelle 1A (1960–1961)
- Sud Aviation Caravelle III (1961–1964)
- Sud Aviation Caravelle 10B (Super Caravelle) (1964–1983)
Finnair Plus is Finnair's frequent-flyer programme. Passengers are awarded points based on the type and class of flight flown. Once enough miles are banked into the passenger's account, a membership tier (Basic, Silver, Gold or Platinum) is awarded. There is a Junior tier exclusively for minors. Silver, Gold, and Platinum members have privileges such as premium check-in desks and priority boarding.
In addition to earning points on flights with Finnair and its partner airlines, Finnair Plus members can earn points through various hotel and car rental partners in Finland and around the world along with other service partners.
Finnair operates lounges at two airports:
The remaining international destinations are served with contract lounges.
Finnair's English-language in-flight magazine, Blue Wings, is published 10 times per year by the Finnish media group Sanoma. The first edition of Blue Wings magazine was published in 1980. There are domestic and international newspapers on all flights and magazines on long-haul flights in business class.
Meals and drinks
On most European flights, a cold salad or sandwich is served, together with non-alcoholic beverages. Alcoholic beverages and additional food items are available for purchase. Domestic flights as well as shorter European flights have snacks for sale and free non-alcoholic beverages. Business class offers warm meals and free beverages, including alcohol. On most Intercontinental flights there is a choice of meals in economy class. In inter-continental business class on most Airbus aircraft (excluding those with fully lie-flat seats), there is a dedicated snack bar.
All Finnair aircraft have LCD video monitors or personal entertainment systems except the Embraer 170s and 190s. Airbus A320 series aircraft have monitors showing exterior shots, Moving-map systems and mute television programs. Airbus A330 and Airbus A340 aircraft have an AVOD personal entertainment system on all seats with about 72 movies, 150 TV shows, 200 music albums, 24 radio channels and 15 games. The Boeing 757 has overhead monitors with Airshow map system, movies and TV shows in Economy class.
Livery and uniforms
The company revealed a new livery in December 2010. Major changes include a restyled and larger lettering on the body, repainting of the engines in white, and a reversal of the color scheme for the tail fin favoring a white background with a blue stylized logo. The outline of the globe was also removed from the tail fin.
Finnair has also used special liveries, including the "Moomins" and "Santa Claus", 1950s retro livery, Angry Birds and Oneworld.
Finnair's previous cabin crew uniform was ranked as the fifth most stylish uniform by the French Bon Voyage magazine. The current uniform was designed by Ritva-Liisa Pohjalainen and launched in December 2011. Finnair has codes to indicate the rank of crew member: one stripe in the sleeve means normal cabin attendant and three stripes a purser. Additionally, female pursers have a white vertical stripe on their dresses or blouses. Finnair requires its cabin crew to wear gloves during take off and landing for safety reasons as well as female crew to switch high heels for boots during winter operations.
Incidents and accidents
The company's only fatal accidents to date are the two DC-3 accidents in 1961 and 1963.
- Finnair. Finnairgroup.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
- "Airline Membership". IATA.
- "Finnair appoints Pekka Vauramo as CEO". Newsclient.omxgroup.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "Articles of Association." Finnair. Retrieved on 18 February 2011. "Section 1 The name of the Company is Finnair Oyj, and its domicile is Helsinki. The name of the Company in Swedish is Finnair Abp and in English Finnair PIc."
- Major Shareholders Finnairgroup.com. Retrieved on 21 August 2013.
- JACDEC SAFETY RANKING 2012 retrieved 1 April 2013
- Strategy Finnairgroup.com. Retrieved on 21 August 2013.
- Key Figures Finnairgroup.com. Retrieved on 21 August 2013.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 2 April 1964. 511.
- Finnair. Finnairgroup.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
- Flying over not so friendly Countries [Archive] - PPRuNe Forums. Pprune.org (1967-11-04). Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
- 1986 | 2900 | Flight Archive. Flightglobal.com (1986-10-25). Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
- boeing | caravelle | 1983 | 0592 | Flight Archive. Flightglobal.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
- 1986 | 0806 | Flight Archive. Flightglobal.com (1986-04-05). Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
- "Strike at Finnair over restructuring is settled by conciliation". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 21 December 2006. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Restructuring dispute at Finnair continues". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 22 December 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Impartiality of national conciliator in Finnair dispute questioned". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 14 April 2009. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Former national conciliator called to resolve airport outsourcing dispute". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Finnair strike injunction criticised by unions and legal experts". EIROnline, european industrial relations observatory on-line. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- "Finnair transfers baggage and apron services to Swissport at Helsinki Airport". Ground Handling Information. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 81.
- Terhi Uusivaara. "Hautala valmis luopumaan Finnairin enemmistöosuudesta | Yle Uutiset". yle.fi. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- "Company Info." Finnair Cargo. Retrieved on 13 September 2011.
- "Contact Info." Finnair Cargo. Retrieved on 13 September 2011. "ADDRESS Finnair Cargo Oy Rahtitie 1, 01530 Vantaa"
- "Head Office." Finnair Cargo. Retrieved on 13 September 2011. "HEAD OFFICE CONTACTS Finnair Cargo / Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations head office: Finnair Cargo Oy / Finnair Cargo Terminal Operations Oy Rahtitie 1 FIN-01530 Vantaa FINLAND"
- "Financial Report 2003". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Annual Report 2004". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2005". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2006". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2007". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2008". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2009". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2010". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2011". Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "Financial Report 2012". Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- "1994." Finnair Group. Retrieved on 14 February 2010. "Finnair's head office moved from the centre of Helsinki to Helsinki-Vantaa Airport. The official 'house-warming' at Tietotie 11 was held on 11th January."
- "Finnish pension fund to develop Finnair headquarters." Property Investor Europe. 6 July 2011. Retrieved on 13 September 2011.
- Finnair official fleet page
- "Orders & deliveries". Airbus. Airbus SAS. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Finnair fleet at ch-aviation.ch
- "Finnair to launch sharklet-equipped A321". Flightglobal.com. 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- Finnair A330 Ver.1 official seat map
- Finnair A330 Ver.2 official seat map
- Finnair A330 Ver.3 official seat map
- "Finnair aims to steer clear of early production A350s". Flightglobal.com. 2007-04-03. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- Wegg, John (1983). Finnair. The Art of Flying since 1923. Finnair Oy. ISBN 951-99450-3-2.
- Finnair : Travel
- Käyttäjätunnus. "Viihde ja työskentely - Finnair - Suomi". Finnair.fi. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
- [dead link]
- (Finnish) Miehistö. Finnair. Retrieved on 2010-11-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Finnair.|
- Official website
- Finnair Group official website
- Route Map
- Blue Wings - Finnair Inflight Magazine
- Finnair Facebook page
- Finnair YouTube Channel
- History of Oy Aero Ab