Finnieston Crane

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The Finnieston Crane with a soldier abseiling from the tip

The Finnieston Crane is a disused giant cantilever crane in the centre of Glasgow, Scotland. It is no longer in working order, but is retained as a symbol of the city's engineering heritage. The crane was used for loading cargo, in particular steam locomotives, onto ships to be exported around the world.

It is one of four such cranes on the River Clyde, a fifth one having been demolished in 2007, and one of only eleven giant cantilever cranes remaining worldwide. The crane can be seen in the background of news broadcasts from BBC Pacific Quay.

History[edit]

A black and white picture of a large crane reaching over a cargo ship.
The crane in September 1957

Queens Dock was opened in August 1877 as a 61 acres (25 ha) dock for exporting goods from the centre of Glasgow.[1] A 130 tonnes (130 long tons; 140 short tons) steam crane was constructed west of the current one in the 1890s, until it was demolished to make way for a proposed bridge crossing between Finnieston Quay and Mavisbank Quay that was never built.[2][3][4] The present crane, constructed as a replacement, was the last giant cantilever crane to be built on the Clyde.[5]

It was commissioned in June 1928 by the Clyde Navigation Trust, the operators of the port and dock facilities in Glasgow, completed in 1931 and commenced operation in 1932.[6] The tower was built by Cowans, Sheldon & Company of Carlisle and the cantilever by the Cleveland Bridge & Engineering Company, under the supervision of Daniel Fife, mechanical engineer to the Clyde Navigation Trust.[7][8] The contract to build the crane did not go to Sir William Arrol & Co., who had significant experience in dock cranes, and built a number of other cranes along the Clyde including the Titan Clydebank, although Arrol was involved in the design of the foundations.[9]

The total cost of the crane and foundations was GB£69,000, 85% of which was met by the Trust.[4] It is properly known as the "Stobcross Crane" or "Clyde Navigation Trustees crane #7", but its proximity to Finnieston Quay, and the fact that it was intended to replace the previous Finnieston Crane, has led to its being popularly known as the Finnieston Crane.[10][11]

Public artwork[edit]

The Finnieston Crane in 1987 holding the straw locomotive sculpted by George Wyllie
One of the hook blocks stored under the crane

In the summer of 1987, a full-size replica locomotive made from straw by local sculptor George Wyllie was hauled from the old Hyde Park Works in Springburn and suspended from the crane, then hauled back to Springburn and burned to reveal the metal framework underneath.[12][13]

After Wyllie's death in May 2012, a giant question mark was suspended from the crane in an acknowledgement of his work.[14] In 2013, microphones were attached to the crane by American artist Bill Fontana, to record the sounds made by the structure.[15]

Purpose[edit]

Connected to a spur of the Stobcross Railway, the crane's primary purpose was the lifting of heavy machinery, such as tanks and steam locomotives, onto ships for export.[16] As many as 30,000 locomotives were hauled through the streets of Glasgow by Clydesdale horses, traction engines and diesel tractors, from the works at Springburn to the crane for export to the British Empire.[17] The crane is (as of 1988) not in working order, but is retained as a symbol of the city's engineering heritage.[8][18]

Design[edit]

The Finnieston Crane is a giant cantilever crane, 174 feet (53 m) tall with a 152 feet (46 m) cantilever jib.[5] It has a lifting capacity of 175 tons, and could perform a full rotation in three and a half minutes.[5][19] It can be ascended either by a steel staircase or an electric lift, the only example of such a personnel lift in Britain.[8] It is also the only crane fitted with a horizontal rail to permit movement of the jigger hoist, an auxiliary crane intended to handle lighter loads.[8]

The docks serviced by the crane were closed in 1969, and have since been filled in and redeveloped.[1][4] The North Rotunda (part of the defunct Clyde Harbour Tunnel) stands to the east of the crane, and the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre and the Clyde Auditorium to the west.[20][21]

It is one of four such cranes on the Clyde, after the Fairfield Titan was demolished in 2007, and one of only eleven giant cantilever cranes remaining worldwide.[22][23] The crane can be seen in the background of Reporting Scotland broadcasts from BBC Pacific Quay[23][24] and also in the backdrop of The Riverside Show on STV Glasgow.[25]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Glasgow, Stobcross, Queen's Dock". CANMORE. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Private Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Act, 1899. Glasgow Corporation". The Edinburgh Gazette. 19 November 1926. Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "Scientific American: Supplement" 47. Munn and Company. 1899. 
  4. ^ a b c Harrison 2008, p. 94
  5. ^ a b c "Finnieston Crane". Clyde Waterfront. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Riddell 1979, p. 261
  7. ^ "Along the Mighty Clyde". Scotland Magazine. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Stobcross Quay, Stobcross Crane, otherwise known as Finnieston Crane". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Williamson, Riches & Higgs 1990, p. 292
  10. ^ Crawford 2013, p. 196
  11. ^ Keay & Keay 2000, p. 461
  12. ^ "Straw locomotive, by George Wyllie, 1987". University of Strathclyde. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "The Straw Locomotive alight". georgewyllie.com. Retrieved 4 April 2014. 
  14. ^ Fulton, Rachael (12 October 2012). "Giant Finnieston crane question mark celebrates Scottish 'scul?ptor'". STV News. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  15. ^ Ferguson, Brian (14 March 2013). "Finnieston Crane to become musical instrument". The Scotsman. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "Glasgow, Stobcross Quay, Finnieston Cantilever Crane". Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  17. ^ Driver & Gilbert 2003, p. 223
  18. ^ Crawford 2013, p. 198
  19. ^ "Finnieston Crane". TheGlasgowStory. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  20. ^ Google Inc. "Finnieston Crane". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://www.google.co.uk/maps/@55.8591161,-4.2854353,18z. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  21. ^ "Finnieston Crane, Glasgow". glasgowarchitecture.co.uk. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  22. ^ "Titan Crane, Clydebank". engineering-timelines.com. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "And then there were four: Titan Cranes of the Clyde". gbarr.info. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "Reporting Scotland studio gets a new look". BBC News. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  25. ^ "Fixer Emmanuel creates own TV programme". glasgowcitymission.com. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°51′28″N 4°17′10″W / 55.85782°N 4.28620°W / 55.85782; -4.28620