Finnish parliamentary election, 1930

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Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 1 and 2 October 1930.[1] The Social Democratic Party emerged as the largest in Parliament with 66 of the 200 seats. Voter turnout was 65.9%.[2]

Background[edit]

The 1930 elections were conducted in a politically heated atmosphere. The far-right Lapua Movement, which had been organized in November 1929, pressured the government to outlaw the Communist Party and its cover organizations, such as the Workers' and Small Farmers' Electoral Associations, as treasonous organizations. Prime Minister Kallio tried to persuade the Parliament to outlaw the Communists' political activity in June 1930, but the proposed constitutional amendment did not gain the five-sixths majority required for an immediate amendment of the Constitution. Thus the constitutional changes would have to be ratified by the next Parliament. Kallio resigned, partly pressured to do so by President Relander. In July 1930, Relander appointed as the new Prime Minister Mr. P.E. Svinhufvud (National Coalition), a former Prime Minister and Regent. His government sought to persuade the Finnish voters to elect a Parliament where the right-wing and centrist parties would have a two-thirds majority, which was - and is - needed to ratify changes to the Finnish Constitution. As a part of their strategy, they authorized the Investigative Central Police to deprive about 20,000 suspected Communists of the right to vote. The Lapua Movement kidnapped, took by car to isolated places and physically assaulted various left-wing politicians.[3][4]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 386,026 34.2 66 +7
Agrarian League 308,280 27.3 59 –1
National Coalition Party 203,958 18.1 42 +14
Swedish People's Party 113,318 10.0 20 –3
National Progressive Party 65,830 5.8 11 +4
Small Farmers' Party of Finland 20,883 1.8 1 +1
Socialist List of Workers and Peasantsa 11,504 1.0 0 –23
Swedish Left 9,226 0.8 1 New
Small groupsb of the Patriotic Listc 9,085 0.8 0
Others 1,918 0.2 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 5,517
Total 1,135,545 100 200 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Tilastokeskus 2004,[5] Suomen virallinen tilasto

a A list seen in official results as the follower to this (banned) list which participated in the previous election.

b Isänmaallinen työväki, Itsenäiset maalaiset, Maalaisliitto puolueettomana isänmaan hyväksi, Vapaa työväenliitto työväen vapauden puolesta, Maalaisliittolainen valitsijayhdistys, Lapuanliike & Oikeistomaalaisliittolaiset[6]

c Parties on the Patriotic List: ML+Kok.+Ed+RKP (Turun et., Viipurin länt.), ML+Kok.+Ed (Turun pohj., Hämeen et., Hämeen pohj., Viipurin it., Oulun et.), Kok.+Ed. (Mikkelin, Kuopion länt., Kuopion it., Viipurin it, Oulun pohj.).[6]

Aftermath[edit]

The right-wing and centrist parties received exactly two-thirds of the seats, and thus the new Parliament ratified the constitutional amendments which outlawed the Communist Party and its affiliated organizations until 1944.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p607
  3. ^ Seppo Zetterberg et al., eds., A Small Giant of the Finnish History / Suomen historian pikkujättiläinen, Helsinki: WSOY, 2003
  4. ^ Sakari Virkkunen, Finland's Presidents I / Suomen presidentit I, Helsinki: WSOY, 1994
  5. ^ Tiedosto "595. Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003 (Tilastokeskus 2004)
  6. ^ a b Suomen virallinen tilasto 29 A, XV (Tilastokeskus 1931), s. 47.