Finnish parliamentary election, 1951

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Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 1 and 2 July 1951.[1]

Background[edit]

Urho Kekkonen of the Agrarian League had served as Prime Minister since March 1950, after losing the February 1950 presidential election to President Juho Kusti Paasikivi.

Kekkonen had governed first with the Swedish People's Party and National Progressive Party, but in January 1951 the Social Democratic Party had joined his government. The rationing of goods was ending gradually and the war reparation payments to the Soviet Union were to be completed by 1952. Prime Minister Kekkonen sought to reduce inflation by persuading the employers' organizations and labour unions to refrain from wage increases for the time being. In May 1951, these organizations agreed not to raise wages or prices for five months. During this "castle peace" or civic peace, the Social Democrats took most leadership positions in the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions.

The communist Finnish People's Democratic League benefited from the fact that the Social Democrats had agreed to govern with the Agrarians, and had thus "betrayed" (according to some Communists' campaign rhetoric) their fellow left-wingers. The economy's and inflation rate's stabilization possibly hurt the low-income workers (a likely constituency of the Communists) more than the white-collar workers or the businessmen, and this could partly explain the Communists' gain of five deputies. The People's Party of Finland had been formed as the Progressives' successor, and this fresh start can have contributed to its five-seat gain. After the elections, Kekkonen continued to serve as Prime Minister, forming his third government in September 1951. He introduced a new economic stabilization programme, which tied the prices and wages to an automatic full compensation.[2]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 480,754 26.5 53 –1
Agrarian League 421,613 23.3 51 –5
Finnish People's Democratic League 391,134 21.6 43 +5
National Coalition Party 264,044 14.6 28 –5
Swedish People's Party 131,719 7.3 14 +1
People's Party of Finland 102,933 5.7 10 +5
Åland Coalition 5,686 0.3 1 0
Small Farmers Party 4,964 0.3 0 0
Liberal League 4,936 0.3 0 New
Radical People's Party 4,486 0.2 0 0
Liberal Swedish Party 1,195 0.1 0 New
Finnish People's Party 243 0.0 0 New
Others 305 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 12,962
Total 1,825,779 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,448,239 74.6
Source: Tilastokeskus 2004,[3] Suomen virallinen tilasto[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Seppo Zetterberg et al., eds. (2003) A Small Giant of the Finnish History WSOY, pp803-808
  3. ^ File "595. Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003 (Tilastokeskus 2004)
  4. ^ Suomen virallinen tilasto 29 A, Kansanedustajain vaalit, XXII(?).