Finnish parliamentary election, 1962

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Finland

Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 4 and 5 February 1962.[1]

Background[edit]

V. J. Sukselainen's second minority government had resigned in 1961, followed by Prime Minister Martti Miettunen's Agrarian first government, also a centrist minority government. In the spring of 1961, Olavi Honka, a former Chancellor of Justice (Attorney General), accepted the presidential candidacy of the Social Democratic Party, National Coalition Party, Swedish People's Party, People's Party, Smallholders' Party and the Liberal League. This Honka Alliance's goal was to defeat President Urho Kekkonen in the presidential elections of January and February 1962. However, their plans were derailed in October 1961 when the Soviet Union sent a diplomatic note to Finland, asking it to participate in negotiations about the two countries' military co-operation. The Soviet government claimed that militarism and neo-Nazism were increasing in West Germany, and that Finland and the Soviet Union would have to negotiate on the basis of the Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance Treaty. In late November 1961, Kekkonen dissolved Parliament and called early elections for February 1962. Shortly thereafter, Honka ended his presidential candidacy "for the fatherland's interest." Kekkonen travelled to Novosibirsk in the Soviet Union, where he negotiated briefly with the Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Again Khrushchev assured Kekkonen that all was well in the Finnish-Soviet relations, despite the efforts of "anti-Soviet" Finns to worsen them.

Campaign[edit]

The parliamentary elections were held in the first week of February 1962, between the Electoral College elections and the second phase of the presidential elections. The parties that still opposed Kekkonen's re-election had trouble campaigning in both the presidential and the parliamentary elections. After the parliamentary elections, Ahti Karjalainen of the Agrarian League formed a centre-right majority government that remained in office until December 1963. It was replaced by another caretaker government, led by Bureau Chief (a senior civil servant) Reino Lehto.[2]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Agrarian League 528,409 23.0 53 +5
Finnish People's Democratic League 506,829 22.0 47 –3
Social Democratic Party 448,930 19.5 38 –10
National Coalition Party 346,638 15.1 32 +3
People's Party of Finland 146,005 6.3 13 +5
Swedish People's Party 140,689 6.1 13 0
Social Democratic Union of Workers and Smallholders 100,396 4.4 2 –1
Smallholders' Party 49,773 2.2 0 New
Liberal League 12,000 0.5 1 +1
Centre Party 8,686 0.4 0 New
Åland Coalition 7,261 0.3 1 0
Smallholders' Party Opposition 6,329 0.3 0 New
Others 53 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 8,092
Total 2,310,090 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,714,838 85.1
Source: Tilastokeskus 2004[3]
Popular vote
ML
  
22.95%
SKDL
  
22.02%
SDP
  
19.50%
KOK
  
15.06%
KP
  
6.34%
RKP
  
6.11%
TPSL
  
4.36%
SPP
  
2.16%
Others
  
1.49%
Parliament seats
ML
  
26.50%
SKDL
  
23.50%
SDP
  
19.00%
KOK
  
16.00%
KP
  
6.50%
RKP
  
6.50%
TPSL
  
1.00%
Others
  
1.00%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Seppo Zetterberg (2003) A Small Giant of the Finnish History, WSOY
  3. ^ 595. Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003 (Tilastokeskus 2004)