The front cover of a first Finnish biometric passport
|Date first issued||August 21, 2006 (first biometric version)
August 21, 2012 (current version)
|Type of document||Passport|
|Eligibility requirements||Finnish citizenship|
|Expiration||5 years after issuance|
Finnish passports are issued to nationals of Finland for the purpose of international travel. Aside from serving as proof of Finnish nationality, they facilitate the process of securing assistance from Finnish consular officials abroad or other EU-members in case a Finnish consular is absent, if needed. Finnish passports share the standardised layout and burgundy-red design with other EU countries.
The passport is issued by the local police.
Men who are at most 30 years of age and thus eligible for military service, but have not completed it, may be issued a passport with an expiration date only up to the last legal start date for the completion of the obligation, which is at the age of 28. Men older than 30 can receive a passport normally regardless of the status of completion of the military duty.
Every Finnish citizen is also a citizen of the European Union. The passport, along with the national identity card allows for free rights of movement and residence in any of the states of the European Union and European Economic Area.
From 1996, Finnish passports have been burgundy-colored and use the standard European Union passport design, with the Finnish Coat of arms emblazoned in the center of the front cover. The words "Euroopan unioni" (Finnish) and "Europeiska unionen" (Swedish) meaning "European Union" are inscribed above the coat of arms, and the words "Suomi – Finland", the country's name in Finnish and Swedish, and "Passi – Pass", meaning "Passport" in Finnish and Swedish, below. In older EU passports, the words were entirely in capital letters, but current versions use mixed case. Biometric passports, issued starting August 21, 2006, also have the standard biometric symbol at the top. In 2012, the coat of arms was enlarged and the European Union title was shifted below it and separated by a double line from the country's name which is now in all capitals. The biometric symbol has been moved to the bottom. The inside pages contain drawings of an elk that when flipped rapidly show the elk in motion. The cover is debossed with a snowflake motif.
Passports issued before the adoption of the EU design 1996 were dark blue and did not contain the "European Union" texts, but were otherwise broadly similar in appearance. Previously, children could be included in the parents' passport, but this is no longer allowed and children must be issued their own passport, regardless of age.
Front cover of a biometric passport issued to Finnish citizens connected to the Åland Islands
Current-type passport with no RFID chip (only issued at Finnish embassies abroad)